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This document provides background information, rationale, and data (both physical testing and computer simulations) used in defining the component test methods and similarity criteria described in SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) 6330. ARP6330 defines multiple test methods used to assess the effect of seat back mounted IFE monitor changes on blunt trauma to the head and post-impact sharp edge generation. The data generated is based on seat and IFE components installed on type A-T (transport airplane) certified aircraft. While not within the scope of ARP6330, generated test data for the possible future development of surrogate target evaluation methods is also included
Aircraft Seat Committee
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides recommendations for: The audit process in general A list of specific areas of attention to be audited Maintaining the test facility in such a manner that it meets audit requirements
EG-1E Gas Turbine Test Facilities and Equipment
This specification covers a low-alloy steel in the form of sand castings
AMS E Carbon and Low Alloy Steels Committee
This document provides nomenclature and references to related documents for heavy vehicle event data recorders (HVEDR) for heavy-duty (HD) ground wheeled vehicles. The SAE J2728 series of documents consists of the following
Truck and Bus Event Data Recorder Committee
This SAE Standard specifies a procedure for approximating the volume of a typical material carried in the bowl of an elevating scraper as defined in SAE J728 and SAE J1057. The volumes are based on the inside dimensions of the bowl and a representative volume on top of the bowl. This rating method is intended to provide a consistent means of comparing capacities; it is not intended to define actual capacities that might be observed in any specific application
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This user’s manual covers the Hybrid III 6-year-old child test dummy, including changes specified in 49 CFR Part 572, Subpart N in the final rule dated December 9, 2010. It is intended for technicians who work with this device. It covers the construction and clothing, disassembly and reassembly, available instrumentation, external dimensions and segment masses, as well as certification and inspection test procedures. Appendix A contains guidelines for safe handling of instrumented dummies. Appendix B contains instructions for repairing dummy flesh. Appendix C includes procedures for adjusting the joints throughout the dummy
Dummy Testing and Equipment Committee
This SAE Standard specifies brake system performance and test criteria to enable uniform evaluation of the braking capability of self-propelled, ride-on vibratory steel wheel, static steel wheel, and rubber-tire roller compactors with maximum level surface machine speeds of 25 km/h or less. Service, secondary, and parking brakes are included. Machines with maximum level surface machine speeds greater than 25 km/h shall conform to the requirements of SAE J/ISO 3450
OPTC2, Braking
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes methods to determine grade parking performance with respect to: a. Ability of the parking brake system to lock the braked wheels. b. The vehicle holding or sliding on the grade, fully loaded or unloaded. c. Applied manual effort. d. Unburnished or burnished brake lining friction conditions. e. Down and up grade directions
Truck and Bus Brake Systems Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice is applicable to all heat exchangers used in vehicle and industrial cooling systems. This document outlines the tests to determine the heat transfer and pressure drop performance under specified conditions. This document has been reviewed and revised by adding several clarifying statements to Section 4
Cooling Systems Standards Committee
This document is written to address acceleration and deceleration control issues related to heavy-duty trucks and buses greater than 10000 GVW
Truck and Bus Brake Systems Committee
Included herein are general, dimensional, and performance specifications for those types, styles, and sizes of stamped nuts of one pitch thread design recognized as SAE standard. These nuts are intended for general use where the engagement of a single thread on the mating screw or unthreaded stud is considered adequate for the application. For the inch equivalent of this document, see SAE J1053
Fasteners Committee
This document details one of the connections of the SAE J3105 document. The connections are referenced in the scope of the main document SAE J3105. SAE J3105/3 details the enclosed pin and sleeve connection. All the common requirements are defined in the main document; the current document provides the details of the connection. This document covers the main safety and interoperability relevant requirements for an electric vehicle power transfer system using a conductive automated charging device based on an enclosed pin and socket design. To allow interoperability for on-road vehicles (in particular, buses and coaches), one configuration is described in this document. Other configurations may be used for non-standard applications (for example, mining trucks or port vehicles
Hybrid - EV Committee
The range of test conditions on the dynamometer shall be sufficient to determine the primary operating characteristics corresponding to the full range of vehicle operations. The characteristics to be determined are: a Torque ratio versus speed ratio and output speed b Input speed versus speed ratio and output speed c Efficiency versus speed ratio and output speed d Capacity factor versus speed ratio and output speed e Input torque versus input speed NOTE: For more information about these characteristics and the design of hydrodynamic drives, refer to “Design Practices: Passenger Car Automatic Transmissions,” SAE Advances in Engineering, AE-18 (Third Ed.) or AE-29 (Fourth Ed
Automatic Transmission and Transaxle Committee
The CRABI dummy was developed to evaluate small child restraint systems in automotive crash environments, in all directions of impact, with or without air bag interaction Basic anthropometry for this test device was taken from the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute Report 85-23. Weight distribution and scaling methods for the infant were approved by the Society of Automotive (SAE) Infant Dummy Task Group. The dummy weighs 17.2 pounds and has a 26.4 inches standing or 17.3 inches sitting height. The Hybrid Ill-like neck and lumbar spine are laterally notched to reduce lateral stiffness The shoulders have flesh support for durability and human-like performance in areas where seatbelt webbing may be placed. In addition, rubber elements are used in each joint to improve biofidelity and to give the CRABI infant-like range of motion. The CRABI Six-Month-Old design meets all the SAE Infant Dummy Task Group anthropometry, biomechanical and instrumentation requirements
Dummy Testing and Equipment Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice (RP) applies to the validation process for test systems used to measure deflection (compressibility, creep, or swell and growth) of friction materials and friction material assemblies. The materials or assemblies can fit passenger cars, light trucks, and commercial vehicles equipped with hydraulic or air brake systems, using disc or drum brakes
Brake Linings Standards Committee
An airbag generates a considerable amount of kinetic energy during its inflation process. As a result substantial forces can be developed between the deploying airbag and the out-of-position occupant. Accident data and laboratory test results have indicated a potential for head, neck, chest, abdominal, and leg injuries from these forces. This suggests that mitigating such forces should be considered in the design of airbag restraint systems. This document outlines a comprehensive set of test guidelines that can be used for investigating the interactions that occur between the deploying airbag and the occupant who is near the module at the time of deployment. Static and dynamic tests to investigate driver and passenger systems are given. Static tests may be used to sort designs on a comparative basis. Designs that make it through the static sorting procedure may be subjected to the appropriate dynamic tests. On a specific vehicle model, engineering judgment based upon prior experience
Human Biomechanics and Simulations Standards Committee
This procedure describes a method for generating, preparing and analyzing samples of new and unused brake friction materials for their chemical constituents
Brake Linings Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to the boomstop for the main boom of all mobile construction type cranes having rope supported booms, equipped for hook work, clamshell, magnet, grapple, or concrete bucket attachments
Cranes and Lifting Devices Committee
This document specifies the interface and the behavior of the VHDL-AMS packages for use in modeling statistical behavior. These packages are useful in defining the statistical variation of parameters of electrical, electronic, and mechatronic components and sub-systems. These can then be used with simulation tools to analyze the performance and reliability of systems composed of these components and sub-systems. Providing a standard definition of the package interfaces and their behavior is intended to facilitate the exchange of models between component and system manufacturers and the use of different CAE simulation tools. The SAE statistical package supports the statistical modeling of design parameters subject to tolerances for designs described using the VHDL or VHDL-AMS languages. The performance of a design that uses this package to model parameter tolerances may be analyzed by a Monte Carlo simulation, which consists of multiple simulation runs of the design, each run with a
Electronic Design Automation Standards Committee
This SAE Standard covers the dimensional and general specifications, including performance requirements, for carbon steel self-drilling tapping screws suitable for use in general applications having point Styles 2, 3, 4, and 5. It is the objective of this document to ensure that carbon steel self-drilling tapping screws, by meeting the mechanical and performance requirements specified, shall drill a hole and form or cut mating threads in materials into which they are driven without deforming their own thread and without breaking during assembly
Fasteners Committee
This SAE Standard specifies the dimensional requirement of a range of high pressure pipes for use in the bench testing and setting of fuel injection pumps. Only dimensions and requirements affecting the hydraulic characteristic of the pipes are defined. Other requirements, such as the type of end connections and shape of the pipes when bent, are not included. These depend on the connections provided at pump outlets and injector inlets, and on the design features of individual pumps and test benches
Diesel Fuel Injection Equipment Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to Liquefied Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel. The purpose of this document is to provide information on issues that are important to consider regarding LNG metering and dispensing systems
Truck and Bus Powertrain Committee
This Information Report provides recommendations for alphanumeric messages that are supplied to the vehicle by external (e.g., RDS, satellite radio) or internal (e.g., infotainment system) sources while the vehicle is in-motion. Information/design recommendations contained in this report apply to OEM (embedded) and aftermarket systems. Ergonomic issues with regard to display characteristics (e.g., viewing angle, brightness, contrast, font design, etc.) should review ISO 15008
Driver Vehicle Interface (DVI) Committee
The SAE system of designating steels, described in SAE J402, classifies and numbers them according to chemical composition. In the case of the dent resistant, high strength and ultra high strength steels in SAE J2340, advanced high strength steels described in SAE J2745, and the high strength steels in SAE J1442 and the high-strength carbon and alloy die drawn steels in SAE J935, minimum mechanical property requirements have been included in the designations. In addition, hardenability data on most of the alloy steels and some of the carbon steels will be found in SAE J1268
Metals Technical Committee
This SAE Standard applies to the following off-road work machines of mass greater than 700 kg that are commonly used in earthmoving, construction, logging, and mining applications as identified in SAE J1116 JUN86 and designed for an-board, seated operator: a Crawler tractors and loaders (see SAE J1057 SEP88 Sections 3.1 and 7.1 and SAE J727 JAN86 for description and nomenclature). b Graders (see SAE J1057 SEP88 Section 6 and SAE J870 JUL84 for description and nomenclature). c Wheel loaders, wheel tractors, and their modifications used for rolling or compacting, dozer equipped wheel tractors, wheel log skidders, skid steer loaders, and backhoe loaders (see SAE J1057 SEP88 Sections 3.2, 7.2, and 9 for description and nomenclature). d Wheel industrial tractors (see SAE J1092 JUN86 for description and nomenclature). e Tractor portion of semi-mounted scrapers, water wagons, articulated steer dumpers, bottom dump wagons, side dump wagons, rear dump wagons, and towed fifth wheel attachments
OPTC4, Protective Structures
This SAE Recommend Practice establishes for passenger cars, light trucks, and multipurpose vehicles with GVW or 4500 kg (10 000 lb) or less: a Minimum performance standards for windshield wiper systems. b Test procedures that can be conducted on uniform test equipment by commercially available laboratory facilities. c Uniform terminology of windshield wiper system characteristics and phenomena consistent with those found in guides for the use of engineering layout studies to evaluate system performance. d Guides for the design and location of components of the systems for function, servicing of the system, etc. The test procedures and minimum performance standards, outlined in this document, are based on currently available engineering data. It is the intent that all portions of the document will be periodically reviewed and revised as additional data regarding windshield wiping system performance are developed
Wiper Standards Committee
This recommended practice was developed primarily for marine and industrial type applications
Cooling Systems Standards Committee
This SAE Standard sets forth the requirements for the attachment of three-point hitch implements or equipment to the rear of agricultural wheeled tractors equipped with quick-attaching couplers
Agricultural Tractor Standards Committee (ATSC)
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and material requirements for inch-series steel bolts, screws, studs, screws for sems1, and U-bolts2 in sizes to 1-1/2 in. inclusive. The term “stud” as referred to herein applies to a cylindrical rod of moderate length threaded on either one or both ends or throughout its entire length. It does not apply to headed, collared, or similar products which are more closely characterized by requirements shown herein for bolts. The mechanical properties included in Table 1 were compiled at an ambient temperature of approximately 20 °C (68 °F). These properties are valid within a temperature range which depends upon the material grade used and thermal and mechanical processing. Other properties such as fatigue behavior, corrosion resistance, impact properties, etc., are beyond the scope of this document and responsibility for ensuring the acceptability of the product for applications where conditions warrant consideration of these other properties shall
Fasteners Committee
This SAE Technical Report provides test procedures, requirements, and guidelines for turn signal lamps intended for use on vehicles 2032 mm or more in overall width. Front and rear turn signal lamps conforming to the requirements of this document may also be used on vehicles less than 2032 mm in overall width
Heavy Duty Lighting Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice was developed primarily for passenger car and truck applications, but it may be used in marine, industrial, and similar applications
Fuel Systems Standards Committee
This document is intended to supplement SAE J2403 by providing the content of Table 1, Table 2, and Table 3 from SAE J2403 in a form that can be sorted and searched for easier use. It is NOT intended as a substitute for the actual document, and any discrepancies between this Digital Annex and the published SAE J2403 document must be resolved in favor of the published document. This document provides the content of Table 1 and Table 2 published in SAE J2403 into the single table in the 'Term' tab, while the 'Recommended Term Definitions' tab provides the content of Table 3 in SAE J2403 and the 'Glossary' tab provides the content of Table 4 in SAE J2403
Truck Bus Control and Communications Network Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice has been formulated to advance and endorse the use of the ISO (International Organization for standardization) Solid Contaminant Code as the universal means for expressing the level of particulate contaminant in hydraulic fluid and for specifying acceptable limits of cleanliness. Worldwide approval was gained for this coding system because it provides a simple, unmistakable, meaningful, and consistent means of communication between suppliers and users. The code applies to all types of hydraulic (liquid) fluids used in fluid power and control systems as applied to self-propelled machines as referenced in J1116. The purpose of this recommended practice is to provide a practical and uniform method for graphically representing the contamination level of a fluid and assigning its proper ISO cleanliness code. Although the approval code is explicit and offers no opportunity for misinterpretation, flexibility in application is provided to satisfy the customs of
CTTC C1, Hydraulic Systems
This SAE Standard specifies procedures for measuring operator and exterior sound levels emitted by self-powered trenching machines regardless of engine size. This procedure does not cover operation of devices such as backup alarms, horns, or accessories such as paving breakers. The sound levels obtained using this procedure are repeatable and representative of the higher range of sound levels generated by machines under actual field operating conditions, but do not necessarily represent the average sound level over a field use cycle. Measurement and calculation of the operator's sound exposure should follow SAE J1166
SLTC - Earth Moving Machinery Sound Level
SAE J2601 establishes the protocol and process limits for hydrogen fueling of vehicles with total volume capacities greater than or equal to 49.7 L. These process limits (including the fuel delivery temperature, the maximum fuel flow rate, the rate of pressure increase, and the ending pressure) are affected by factors such as ambient temperature, fuel delivery temperature, and initial pressure in the vehicle’s compressed hydrogen storage system. SAE J2601 establishes standard fueling protocols based on either a look-up table approach utilizing a fixed pressure ramp rate, or a formula-based approach utilizing a dynamic pressure ramp rate continuously calculated throughout the fill. Both protocols allow for fueling with communications or without communications. The table-based protocol provides a fixed end-of-fill pressure target, whereas the formula-based protocol calculates the end-of-fill pressure target continuously. For fueling with communications, this standard is to be used in
Fuel Cell Standards Committee
This SAE Standard applies to horizontal earthboring machines of the following types: a Auger Boring Machines b Rod Pushers c Rotary Rod Machines d Impact Machines e Directional Boring/Drilling Machines The illustrations used are for classification and are not intended to resemble a particular machine. Only basic working dimensions are given. They may be supplemented by the machine manufacturer. This document is based on existing commercial horizontal earthboring machines. This document does not apply to specialized mining machinery in SAE J1116, conveyors, tunnel boring machines, pipe jacking systems, and microtunnelers
MTC9, Trenching and Horizontal Earthboring Machines
This SAE Standard covers sub-critically annealed or normalized electric resistance welded flash controlled single-wall high strength steel tubing intended for use in hydraulic pressure lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, double flaring, cold forming, welding and brazing. Material produced to this specification is not intended to be used for single flare applications due to the potential leak path caused by the ID weld bead. Nominal reference working pressures for this tubing are listed in ISO 10763 for metric tubing and SAE J1065 for inch tubing. This specification also covers SAE J2613 Type-A tubing. The mechanical properties and performance requirements of standard SAE J2613 and SAE J2613 Type-A are the same. The designated differences of Type-A tubing do not imply that Type-A tubing is in anyway inferior to standard SAE J2613. The Type-A disignation is meant to address the unique manufacturing differences between sub-critically
Metallic Tubing Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice presents a method and example results for determining the Automotive Safety Integrity Level (ASIL) for automotive motion control electrical and/or electronic (E/E) systems. The ASIL determination activity is required by ISO 26262-3, and it is intended that the process and results herein are consistent with ISO 26262. The technical focus of this document is on vehicle motion control systems. The scope of this SAE Recommended Practice is limited to collision-related hazards associated with motion control systems. This SAE Recommended Practice focuses on motion control systems since the hazards they can create generally have higher ASIL ratings, as compared to the hazards non-motion control systems can create. Because of this, the Functional Safety Committee decided to give motion control systems a higher priority and focus exclusively on them in this SAE Recommended Practice. ISO 26262 has a wider scope than SAE J2980, covering other functions and accidents
Functional Safety Committee
This SAE Standard provides the auxiliary requirements for automotive or RV, additional 12 position, sealed Trailer Tow Connector Plug and Receptacle. The information included within this specification is intended to cover the test methods, design, and performance requirements of optional features for additional power, clean ground for electronic functions, video, data communication, and supplementary electric brake control
Connector Systems Standards Committee
The method presented is the current recommendation for the use of flame ionization detectors to determine the hydrocarbon content of diesel engine exhaust, or exhaust of vehicles using diesel engines, when operating at steady-state. The requirements of the associated sampling system and a general procedure for a continuous measuring method are presented. This SAE Recommended Practice provides for the continuous measurement of the hydrocarbon concentration in diesel exhaust
SAE IC Powertrain Steering Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice describes the method for safe deployment of air bag modules in vehicles equipped with electrically actuated air bag systems for the purpose of disposal. It is intended to provide a procedure which does not require significant technical expertise, is easy to operate, and is readily available, to be used by automobile dismantlers or vehicle shredders to deploy air bag modules prior to automobile reclamation
Inflatable Restraints Committee
This SAE Standard covers the general and dimensional data for industrial quality spherical rod ends commonly used on control linkages in automotive, marine, construction, and industrial equipment applications. The rod ends described are available from several manufacturers within the range of the interchangeable specifications. The sliding contact spherical self-aligning bearing members (ball and socket) are available in a variety of materials in types shown. The load capacities and wear capabilities vary considerably with the design and fabrication. It is suggested that the manufacturers be consulted for recommendations for the type and design appropriate to particular applications
Materials, Processes and Parts Council
This SAE Recommended Practice sets forth recommended back of cab to rear axle (CA) dimensional data. It applies to 4- and 6-wheel motor trucks but not necessarily to truck-tractors
Truck and Bus Total Vehicle Steering Committee
This SAE Standard is intended for curved cutting edge sections used on graders as defined in SAE J870 and J1057. (See Figure 1 and Table 1.) Hole conformation is further defined in SAE J740 and J1580. This document specifes hole placement along the length and width of the cutting edge and dimensions for cutting edge cross sections. See Table 1
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This SAE Recommended Practice covers the dimensional and material requirements of rubber O-rings for automotive application and rectangular section rubber seal rings for automotive applications
SAE IC Powertrain Steering Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to floodlamp, headlamp, and general service lamp units intended for use on off-road self-propelled work machines classified as construction, general purpose industrial and forestry machines, as noted in SAE J1116. Construction and industrial machinery is normally operated off highways, therefore, this document is not intended to be used as a basis for regulations by those having authority over motor vehicles used on public highways. Other performance and dimensional information is contained in SAE J572 and J760
OPTC3, Lighting and Sound Committee
This SAE Information Report was prepared by the SAE Fuels and Lubricants Technical Committee for two purposes: (a) to assist the users of automotive equipment in the selection of axle1 and manual transmission lubricants for field use, and (b) to promote a uniform practice for use by marketers of lubricants and by equipment builders in identifying and recommending these lubricants by a service designation
Fuels and Lubricants TC 3 Driveline and Chassis Lubrication
This SAE Recommended Practice identifies some basic and general conditions that should be considered when making electrical starter motor applications
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This SAE Standard defines the requirements for fluid to be used in the SAE Fuel Filter Test Procedures
Filter Test Methods Standards Committee
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