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Senior Drivers, Bicyclists and Pedestrian Behavior Related with Traffic Accidents and Injuries

  • Applus + Idiada Spain-Alba Fornells, Núria Parera, Adria Ferrer
  • Fiat Chrysler Automobiles-Anita Fiorentino
Published 2017-03-28 by SAE International in United States
While accident data show a decreasing number of fatalities and serious injuries on European Union (EU) roads, recent data from ERSO (European Road Safety Observatory) show an increasing proportion of elderly in the fatality statistics. Due to the continuous increase of life expectancy in Europe and other highly-developed countries, the elderly make up a higher number of drivers and other road users such as bicyclists and pedestrians whose mobility needs and habits have been changing over recent years. Moreover, due to their greater vulnerability, the elderly are more likely to be seriously injured in any given accident than younger people. With the goal of improving the safety mobility of the elderly, the SENIORS Project, funded by the European Commission, is investigating and assessing the injury reduction that can be achieved through innovative tools and safety systems. The first step was to develop the required understanding of accident scenarios, injury mechanisms and risks and to implement these findings in the test tool and test assessment procedures. To this end, accident databases were studied and compared regarding…

Reconstruction Tests Design to Support the Correlation of Real Injuries with Dummy Readings

  • Fiat-Anita Fiorentino
  • IDIADA-Alejandro Longton, Adria Ferrer
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Published 2012-10-02 by SAE International in United States
From the many sub-tasks of the four study areas of the EC CASPER project, this paper presents the following point:• Child protection improvements as a result of accident reconstructions and development of injury risk curves.The first step in achieving this aim was to collect real world in-depth road accident data involving restrained children, with injuries systematically coded using the AIS (Abbreviated Injury Scale, AAAM 1998). This activity identified the priority body regions to be protected (therefore requiring injury risk curves) and provided cases to be reconstructed in full scale crash tests. In such reconstructions dummy readings were correlated with the occupants' injuries in the real accident to develop injury risk curves (after validation checks for crash severity and dummy kinematics).At the same time, online and field surveys were carried out to identify the safety of children when travelling in cars. These sociological studies provided information to identify the misuses of the Child Restraint Systems (CRS), resulting in new dynamic testing programs for their evaluation.The integration of these two activities resulted in the development of the…