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This document provides background information, rationale, and data (both physical testing and computer simulations) used in defining the component test methods and similarity criteria described in SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) 6330. ARP6330 defines multiple test methods used to assess the effect of seat back mounted IFE monitor changes on blunt trauma to the head and post-impact sharp edge generation. The data generated is based on seat and IFE components installed on type A-T (transport airplane) certified aircraft. While not within the scope of ARP6330, generated test data for the possible future development of surrogate target evaluation methods is also included
Aircraft Seat Committee
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides recommendations for: The audit process in general A list of specific areas of attention to be audited Maintaining the test facility in such a manner that it meets audit requirements
EG-1E Gas Turbine Test Facilities and Equipment
Any ROPS meeting the performance requirement of ISO 5700 (Static ROPS Test Standard) or ISO 3463 (Dynamic ROPS Test Standard) meets the performance requirements of this SAE Standard if the ROPS temperature/material and seat belt requirements of this document are also met
OPTC4, Protective Structures
This document describes a test procedure for rating peak power of the Rechargeable Energy Storage System (RESS) used in a combustion engine Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV). Other types of vehicles with non fossil fuel primary engines, such as fuel cells, are not intended to use this test procedure
Battery Standards Testing Committee
This SAE Standard applies to all machines with shovel, clam, or dragline attachment
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This SAE Standard outlines the engine oil performance categories and classifications developed through the efforts of the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers (Alliance), American Petroleum Institute (API), the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), the Engine Manufacturers Association (EMA), the International Lubricant Specification Advisory Committee (ILSAC), and SAE. The verbal descriptions by API and ASTM, along with prescribed test methods and limits, are shown for active categories in Table 1 and obsolete categories in Table A1. Appendix A is thus a historical documentation of the obsolete categories. For purposes of this document, active categories are defined as those (a) for which the required test equipment and test support materials, including reference engine oils and reference fuels, are readily available, or for which the Category Life Oversight Group has established equivalencies between unavailable tests and newer, available tests; (b) which ASTM or the test
Fuels and Lubricants TC 1 Engine Lubrication
This SAE Standard specifies requirements for two types, three classes, and four styles of reinforced hose and non-reinforced tubing for conveying gasoline or diesel fuel aboard small craft including pleasure craft whose fuel systems are regulated under 33 CFR 183 Subpart J. SAE J1527 contains requirements for a Type A fire test of 2.5 minutes and defines a type B hose that is not fire resistant. Refer to SAE J1942 for commercial marine non-metallic flexible hose or hose assemblies used in systems on board commercial vessels inspected and certified by the U.S. Coast Guard. SAE J1942 defines a type A fire resistance test of 2.5 minutes and a type B test of 30 minutes. Refer to SAE J2046 for fuel hose used on personal watercraft
Marine Engine Fuel Systems Committee
The purpose of this SAE Standard is to provide a standardized test procedure for generating engine performance maps. An engine performance map is a listing of engine fuel flow rates versus torque or power obtained at specific engine speeds and loads. Engine performance maps as specified by this code can be used in fuel economy simulation programs. This document is applicable to both four-stroke spark ignition (SI) and compression ignition (CI) engines, naturally aspirated and pressure charged, with or without charge air cooling
Engine Power Test Code Committee
This SAE Information Report applies to all independent or combination construction and industrial machines that are designed to scraper-load and transport material. (See SAE J1116 and J1057a
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes performance guidelines for the threshold pressure and brake force output of the brakes on the axles of air-braked towing trucks, truck-tractors, truck-trailers, and converter dollies with GVWRs over 4536 kg (10000 pounds) designed to be used on the highway in combination with other air-braked vehicles of this type in commercial operations
Truck and Bus Brake Systems Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice defines the information contained in the header and data fields of non-diagnostic messages for automotive serial communications based on SAE J1850 Class B networks. This document describes and specifies the header fields, data fields, field sizes, scaling, representations, and data positions used within messages. The general structure of a SAE J1850 message frame without in-frame response is shown in Figure 1. The structure of a SAE J1850 message with in-frame response is shown in Figure 2. Figures 1 and 2 also show the scope of frame fields defined by this document for non-diagnostic messages. Refer to SAE J1979 for specifications of emissions related diagnostic message header and data fields. Refer to SAE J2190 for the definition of other diagnostic data fields. The description of the network interface hardware, basic protocol definition, the electrical specifications, and the CRC byte are given in SAE J1850. SAE J1850 defines two and only two formats of
Vehicle Architecture For Data Communications Standards
This part of SAE J968 specifies the flow measuring system, including the fixture, to be used for flow testing the single hole orifice plates used in an orifice plate type nozzle and holder assembly (described in SAE J968/1) which is intended for testing and setting diesel fuel injection pumps on test benches. The flow measuring system and fixture ensure accurate flow testing of the entire range of orifices from 0.4 to 0.8 mm diameter as specified in SAE J968/1. It is intended primarily for use by the manufacturers of single hole orifice plates
Diesel Fuel Injection Equipment Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes uniform test procedures and performance requirements for the defrosting system of enclosed cab trucks, buses, and multipurpose vehicles. It is limited to a test that can be conducted on uniform test equipment in commercially available laboratory facilities. For laboratory evaluation of defroster systems, current engineering practice prescribes that an ice coating of known thickness be applied to the windshield and left- and right-hand side windows to provide more uniform and repeatable test restults, even though—under actual conditions—such a coating would necessarily be scraped off before driving. The test condition, therefore, represents a more severe condition than the actual condition, where the defroster system must merely be capable of maintaining a cleared viewing area. Because of the special nature of the operation of most of these vehicles (where vehicles are generally kept in a garage or warmed up before driving), and since defrosting
Truck and Bus Windshield Wipers and Climate Control Comm
Provide a description of standard test methods and analysis methods for bench test measurement of the component level EPB actuation noise in order to evaluate the noise performance of the EPB actuators
Brake NVH Standards Committee
This SAE Standard specifies the nominal dimensions and tolerances which affect the interchangeability between companion flanges and mating parts. The flanges covered by this document are designated type A and type S. The type A flanges are equivalent to type A ISO 7646. The type S flanges are equivalent to the type S ISO 7647. Type A is an external (male) pilot construction and type S is an internal (female) pilot construction. These flanges are not interchangeable. Dimensions not specified are left to the discretion of the component manufacturer
Drivetrain Standards Committee
This Standard is restricted to refrigeration circuits that provide air-conditioning for the passenger compartments of passenger and commercial vehicles. This Standard includes analytical and physical test procedures to evaluate refrigerant concentration inside the passenger compartment. In the early phases of vehicle evaluation, usage of the analytical approach may be sufficient without performing physical tests. The physical test procedure involves releasing refrigerant from an external source to a location adjacent to the evaporator core (inside the HVAC module). An apparatus is used to provide a repeatable, calibrated leak rate. If the system has multiple evaporators, leakage could be simulated at any of the evaporator locations. This standard gives detail information on the techniques for measuring R-744 (CO2) and R-1234yf (HFO-1234yf), but the general techniques described here can be used for other refrigerants as well
Interior Climate Control Vehicle OEM Committee
This document outlines general requirements for the use of CFD methods for aerodynamic simulation of medium and heavy commercial ground vehicles weighing more than 10000 pounds. The document provides guidance for aerodynamic simulation with CFD methods to support current vehicle characterization, vehicle development, vehicle concept development, and vehicle component development. The guidelines presented in the document are related to Navier-Stokes and Lattice-Boltzmann based solvers. This document is only valid for the classes of CFD methods and applications mentioned. Other classes of methods and applications may or may not be appropriate to simulate the aerodynamics of medium and heavy commercial ground vehicle weighing more than 10000 pounds
Truck and Bus Aerodynamics and Fuel Economy Committee
This SAE Standard covers the minimum requirements for design, construction, and testing of devices to prevent the propagation of backfire flame from within the gasoline engine to the surrounding atmosphere
Marine Technical Steering Committee
This document defines the test conditions, procedures, and performance specifications for 6-, 12-, and 24-V manually actuated headlamp switches (circuit breaker(s) may be incorporated for circuit overload protection
Circuit Protection Task Force
This SAE Recommended Practice describes methods for determining total and specular reflectance for mirrors with flat and curved surfaces and a method for determining diffuse reflectance and haze for mirrors with flat surfaces
Driver Vision Standards Committee
SAE J1939-73 defines the SAE J1939 messages to accomplish diagnostic services and identifies the diagnostic connector to be used for the vehicle service tool interface. Diagnostic messages (DMs) provide the utility needed when the vehicle is being repaired. Diagnostic messages are also used during vehicle operation by the networked electronic control modules to allow them to report diagnostic information and self-compensate as appropriate, based on information received. Diagnostic messages include services such as periodically broadcasting active diagnostic trouble codes, identifying operator diagnostic lamp status, reading or clearing diagnostic trouble codes, reading or writing control module memory, providing a security function, stopping/starting message broadcasts, reporting diagnostic readiness, monitoring engine parametric data, etc. California-, EPA-, or EU-regulated OBD requirements are satisfied with a subset of the specified connector and the defined messages
Truck Bus Control and Communications Network Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended as a guide toward standard practice but may be subject to frequent change to keep pace with experience and technical advances
Truck and Bus Powertrain Committee
This SAE Standard applies to all mobile, construction-type, lifting cranes as equipped for operation with hook, clamshell, magnet, and grapple attachments. It is not applicable to excavating and demolition attachments such as shovels, hoes, draglines, and wrecking balls. The purpose of this document is to set forth wire-rope strength factors that have been proved by design and operating practice to be consistent with safety, economy, space, weight, and other requirements peculiar to mobile, construction-type, lifting cranes
Cranes and Lifting Devices Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice provides general guidelines on the material selection, construction, and qualification of components and wiring systems used to construct nominal 12 VDC and/or 24 VDC electrical wiring systems for heavy-duty vehicles The guidelines are limited to nominal 12 VDC and/or 24 VDC primary wiring systems and includes cable sizes American Wire Gage 20 to AWG 4 on heavy-duty on-highway trucks. The document identifies appropriate operating performances requirements. This document excludes the male-to-female connection of the SAE J560 connectors
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This SAE Standard is intended for all sizes of fuel filters, so a variety of test stands may be required depending upon flow rate. The low contamination level, downstream clean-up filter, and short duration of the test ensure that the particle retention ability of the filter is measured in a single pass, as no appreciable loading or regression will occur
Filter Test Methods Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice describes a method to be used for the static deployment of airbag module assemblies. The results obtained from the deployment tests will be used to verify compliance with design requirements and/or specifications, and for other engineering purposes such as module performance comparisons, and/or CAE input or validation. The purpose for this procedure is to describe recommended test methods to ensure, to the extent possible, reliable and reproducible test results for driver airbag modules, passenger airbag modules, or other airbag modules (e.g., side airbags, roof rail airbags, knee bolster airbags, etc.). Performance limits or acceptance criteria are not established as they are typically defined based on specific vehicle design requirements and/or manufacturer specifications. It is intended to be a general procedure for repetitive testing and suggests only general guidelines for the safe conduct of tests and reliable data correlation
Inflatable Restraints Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice provides basic recommendations for dispensing and handling of SAE J1703 and SAE J1704 Brake Fluids by Service Maintenance Personnel to assure their safe and effective performance when installed in or added to motor vehicle hydraulic brake actuating systems. This document is concerned only with brake fluid and those system parts in contact with it. It describes general maintenance procedures that constitute good practice and that should be employed to help assure a properly functioning brake system. Recommendations that promote safety are emphasized. Specific step-by-step service instructions for brake maintenance on individual makes or models are neither intended nor implied. For these, one should consult the vehicle manufacturer’s service brake maintenance procedures for the particular vehicle. Vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations should always be followed
Brake Fluids Standards Committee
This Standard provides provides names of major components peculiar to crawler tractors as defined in SAE J1057a (June, 1975). Illustrations of components are not intended to be exactly descriptive of any particular machine
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes uniform procedures for testing fuel cell and hybrid fuel cell electric vehicles, excluding low speed vehicles, designed primarily for operation on the public streets, roads and highways. The procedure addresses those vehicles under test using compressed hydrogen gas supplied by an off-board source or stored and supplied as a compressed gas onboard. This practice provides standard tests that will allow for determination of fuel consumption and range based on the US Federal Emission Test Procedures, using the Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule (UDDS) and the Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule (HFEDS). Chassis dynamometer test procedures are specified in this document to eliminate the test-to-test variations inherent with track testing, and to adhere to standard industry practice for fuel consumption and range testing. Communication between vehicle manufacturer and the governing authority is essential when starting official manufacturer in
Fuel Cell Standards Committee
This SAE Standard defines the minimum normal operating space envelope for clothed seated (SAE J899 seat configuration) and standing operators (95th percentile operator, SAE J833). This document applies to off-road, self-propelled work machines used in construction, general purpose industrial, agricultural, and forestry as identified in SAE J1116. Purpose This document defines dimensions for the minimum normal operating space envelope around the operator for operator enclosures (cabs, ROPS, FOPS) on off-road machines
HFTC1, Controls, Visibility, Anthropometrics, Accessibility
This SAE Standard establishes the requirements for a Class B Data Communication Network Interface applicable to all On-and OffRoad Land-Based Vehicles. It defines a minimum set of data communication requirements such that the resulting network is cost effective for simple applications and flexible enough to use in complex applications. Taken in total, the requirements contained in this document specify a data communications network that satisfies the needs of automotive manufacturers. This specification describes two specific implementations of the network, based on media/Physical Layer differences. One Physical Layer is optimized for a data rate of 10.4 Kbps while the other Physical Layer is optimized for a data rate of 41.6 Kbps (see Appendix A for a checklist of application-specific features). The Physical Layer parameters are specified as they would be detected on the network media, not within any particular module or integrated circuit implementation. Although devices may be
Vehicle Architecture For Data Communications Standards
This procedure provides methods to determine the appropriate inertia values for all passenger cars and light trucks up to 4540 kg of GVWR. For the same vehicle application and axle (front or rear), different tests sections or brake applications may use different inertia values to reflect the duty-cycle and loading conditions indicated on the specific test
Brake Dynamometer Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice provides a method for testing the speed performance of light truck tires under controlled conditions in the laboratory on a test wheel
Highway Tire Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes a uniform procedure for assuring the manufactured quality, installed utility and performance of automotive products to the relocation, alteration, replacement, and/or extension of secondary controls and systems other than those provided by the vehicle manufacturer (OEM). These products are intended to provide driving capability to persons with physical disabilities. These products function as adaptive modifications to compensate for lost or reduced function in the extremities of the driver. These include, but are not limited to, the following: Cruise control; door locks; gear selector; hazard flasher; headlight beam selector; heater/vent/defroster/air conditioner (HVAC); horn; ignition/starter; light controls; mirrors; parking brake; power seats; turn signals; power window controls; and windshield wiper/washer; rear accessories (defogger, wiper/washer). The purpose of any secondary control adaptation is to provide the effective use of the motor
Adaptive Devices Standards Committee
In 1941, the SAE Iron and Steel Division in collaboration with the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) made a major change in the method of expressing composition ranges for the SAE steels. The plan, as now applied, is based in general on narrower ladle analysis ranges plus certain product (check) analysis allowances on individual samples, in place of the fixed ranges and limits without tolerances formerly provided for carbon and other elements in SAE steels (reference SAE J408). ISTC Division 1 has developed a procedure which allows for the maintenance of the grade list in this SAE Standard. This will involve conducting an industry-wide survey to solicit input. This survey will be conducted at a frequency deemed necessary by the technical committee. Criteria have been established for the addition to or deletion of grades from the grade table. A new grade will be considered if it meets standard SAE grade ranges, has a minimum usage or production of 225 tonnes/year (250 tons/year
Metals Technical Committee
This SAE Information Report has been prepared at the request of the SAE Road Vehicle Aerodynamics Forum Committee (RVAC), incorporating material from earlier revisions of the document first prepared by the Standards Committee on Cooling Flow Measurement (CFM). Although a great deal is already known about engine cooling, recent concern with fuel conservation has resulted in generally smaller air intakes whose shape and location are dictated primarily by low vehicle drag/high forward speed requirements. The new vehicle intake configurations make it more difficult to achieve adequate cooling under all conditions. They cause cooling flow velocity profiles to become distorted and underhood temperatures to be excessively high. Such problems make it necessary to achieve much better accuracy in measuring cooling flows. As the following descriptions show, each company or institution concerned with this problem has invested a lot of time and as a result gained considerable experience in
Road Vehicle Aerodynamics Forum Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice defines a procedure for the construction and testing of glass to metal lap shears for determining shear strength of sealant adhesives for automotive stationary glass bonding. This procedure can also be used for fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) when used in place of metal
Materials, Processes and Parts Council
This procedure is applicable to modes from 500 and 13,000 Hz. The parameters measured with this procedure are defined as the damping factor, ξ for first nine vibration modes of the beam. The measurement will be done in free-free conditions and with temperature
Brake NVH Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended to provide design, interchangeable dimensions, testing procedures, performance requirements, and minimum identification for gladhand-type air line couplers used to connect the brake systems of trucks, truck-tractors, trailers, and dollies when these vehicles are joined to operate as a combination unit
Truck and Bus Brake Supply and Control Components Committee
This part of SAE J2244 specifies dimensions, performance requirements, and test procedures for metric adjustable and nonadjustable light-duty (L series) stud ends and O-rings. Stud ends in accordance with this part of SAE J2244 may be used at working pressures up to 40 MPa for nonadjustable stud ends and 31.5 MPa for adjustable stud ends. The permissible working pressure depends upon materials, design, working conditions, applications, etc. For threaded ports and stud ends for use in new designs in hydraulic fluid power applications, only SAE J2244 shall be used. Threaded ports and stud ends in accordance with ISO 1179, ISO 9974, and SAE J1926 (ISO 11926) shall not be used in new designs in hydraulic fluid power applications. Conformance to the dimensional information in this SAE Standard does not guarantee rated performance. Each manufacturer shall perform testing according to the specification contained in this document to ensure that components made to this document comply with the
Hydraulic Tube Fittings Committee
This SAE Standard applies to all self-propelled construction and industrial machines using liquid-cooled internal combustion engines
Cooling Systems Standards Committee
This document defines a physical layer having a high bandwidth capacity utilizing the Flexible Data Rate Frame Format as defined in ISO 11898-1:2015. CAN controllers which support this format and compatible high speed transceivers are required for use on SAE J1939-17 networks. This SAE Recommended Practice is intended for light- and heavy-duty vehicles on- or off-road as well as appropriate stationary applications which use vehicle derived components (e.g., generator sets). Vehicles of interest include but are not limited to: on- and off-highway trucks and their trailers; construction equipment; and agricultural equipment and implements
Truck Bus Control and Communications Network Committee
This Recommended Practice can apply to both Original Equipment Manufacturer and Aftermarket route-guidance and navigation system functions for passenger vehicles. The methods apply only to the presentation of visual information and the use of manual control inputs to accomplish a navigation or route guidance task. They do not apply to visual monitoring tasks which do not require a manual control input, such as route following. Voice-activated controls or passenger operation of controls are also excluded
Driver Metrics, Performance, Behaviors and States Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice specifies performance requirements and test procedures for the strength and location of seat belt assembly anchorages. It applies to seat belt anchorages attached to vehicle body structure or to seat assemblies in the vehicle. Design Considerations are specified in SAE J383
Motor Vehicle Council
The scope of this SAE Information Report is an evaluation of the ports and tools used on automotive air-conditioning systems to evacuate and charge systems with approved refrigerants during vehicle service. A task force was formed in April 2021 to perform this evaluation and concluded its work in September 2021. The scope of the task force was to evaluate issues being reported from service repair shops with air-conditionings service ports and the tools being used to connect to these ports. The task force also evaluated published SAE J Standards and discovered many of these standards did not include the necessary requirements for service ports and tools. The task force published a final report of its findings and recommendations. The report includes recommendations to correct and publish new SAE Standards related to the scope of this project
Interior Climate Control MAC Supplier Committee
This series of reports provides response characteristics of the head, face, neck, shoulder, thorax, lumbar spine, abdomen, pelvis, and lower extremities. In each report, the descriptions of human impact response are based on data judged by the subcommittee to provide the most appropriate information for the development of human surrogates
Human Biomechanics and Simulations Standards Committee
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and quality requirements for two grades of carbon steel, slotted, and recessed, 82 degrees flat countersunk, 82 degrees oval countersunk, pan, fillister, hex, and hex washer head machine screws in sizes No. 4 through 3/4 in for use automotive and related industries. The dimensions of these screws are covered in ASME B18.6.3
Fasteners Committee
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