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Dalton, John C.
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Soaring with Eagles: Birdstrike Analysis in the Design and Operation of New Airplanes

SAE International Journal of Aerospace

Boeing Co.-John C. Dalton, Roger Nicholson
  • Journal Article
  • 2013-01-2234
Published 2013-09-17 by SAE International in United States
We live in an era of increasing twin-engine commercial airplane operations, with large and very quiet high bypass ratio engines. At the same time, due to several decades of increased attention to the environment, we have large and increasing hazardous species bird populations. These trends, when combined, are not a prescription for continued assurance of a remarkable and enviable safety record for commercial aviation. Therefore, greater diligence must be placed on the evaluation of the current and future aviation wildlife hazard. We have some new weapons in this fight for greater capability to live with this situation. The basic problem is that different databases are populated independently from one another and often contain conflicting, contradictory, and erroneous data.Databases that were used individually, but not necessarily combined, are being utilized in a conjoined methodology to give us a better picture of the actual risk involved. And new analytical techniques are being applied that will enable us to better visualize and evaluate the nature of the wildlife threat. This paper will attempt to dispel some of theā€¦
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Accomplishing a Meaningful Particular Risks Assessment Document

SAE International Journal of Aerospace

Boeing Co.-John C. Dalton
  • Journal Article
  • 2011-01-2498
Published 2011-10-18 by SAE International in United States
The Particular Risks Assessment Document (PRA) is the compendium of the assessments accomplished during the development of a new airplane that relate to threats to the airplane from the outside environment (e.g. birdstrike, lightning, hail) and threats to the systems from events originating in other systems (e.g. rotorburst, flailing shafts, tire and wheel burst). These assessments are accomplished to ensure the robustness of the design to survive these threats. An extensive list of threats is developed and teams are formed to evaluate each of them. The results of these studies are collated into a document that provides a single point reference for the new airplane with regard to its ability to survive all known external threats. If PRAs have been accomplished on previous programs they can be used as a starting point for the new assessment, then the systems are reevaluated against the new design and differences created by new design features need to be added to the list. The PRA is not a trivial exercise. It requires a commitment on the part of managementā€¦
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Advances in Safety Assessment in New Airplane Design

The Boeing Co.-John C. Dalton
Published 1998-09-28 by SAE International in United States
The most recent designs in commercial airplanes have necessitated a change in the nature of airplane safety assessment. It used to be sufficient to examine each separate system to determine the safety of the airplane as a whole. This is no longer the case. Commercial airplanes have become highly integrated machines. New methods and tools must be employed to ensure the safety of new airplane designs. The companies responsible for the design of new airplanes have independently developed methods and tools to accomplish this. New standards have been written which bring these tools together and present them in a logical and usable form.
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