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This SAE Standard specifies requirements and design guidelines for electrical wiring systems of less than 50 V and cable diameters from 0.35 to 19 mm2 used on off-road, self-propelled earthmoving machines as defined in SAE J1116 and agricultural tractors as defined in ASAE S390
CTTC C2, Electrical Components and Systems
The primary purpose of vehicle forward lighting is not to see the world but to see the road! In their simplest form, headlights help drivers negotiate a safe path on the road. They do this by lighting the roadway according to (a multitude of) specific standards. For decades, discussions concerning the niceties of illuminating potential obstacles in the roadway were little more than an academic pursuit as there simply were not sufficient lumens available from filament light sources to achieve all of the desired tasks no matter how worthy they might be. Not unexpectedly, the technology has evolved with the introduction of high output metal-halide sources, multi-task standards combined with multilevel lighting devices and discrete LED sources offering high luminous efficiencies and the means to deliver the light where it can be most useful. The question now becomes one of determining where the available light should be directed. Every standard advisory group, industry, manufacturer and
Road Illumination Devices Standards Committee
The purposeful integration of existing and emerging technologies into CM practice will enable collaboration with supporting systems and provide stakeholders access to authoritative and trusted data in a timely fashion at their desktop to help drive educated decision making. This lays to rest the misguided myth that CM and supporting systems operate at cross-purposes. What does it mean to have CM in a world of new initiatives and 2-week sprints (i.e., time-boxed work periods), multiple increments producing Minimum Viable Products (MVP) and synchronized with Model Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) while being digitally transformed? MBSE initiatives drive the jump from “2D” data to “3D” data, thereby becoming a Model-Centric practice. Products now enable technology to push the product lifecycle management process to new levels of efficiency and confidence. This mindset is evidenced by five major functions of CM, as discussed below, and described in EIA-649C
G-33 Configuration Management
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) is intended to apply to those oxygen regulators which supply gaseous oxygen at breathing pressures to meet physiological requirements of aircraft flight crew members. It defines the minimum performance requirements and testing for aircraft demand type breathing oxygen regulators
A-10 Aircraft Oxygen Equipment Committee
This document defines the minimum degree of purity and maximum levels of certain deleterious impurities allowable for aviator's breathing oxygen at the point of manufacture or generation. It covers gaseous, liquid, and chemically generated oxygen, and oxygen supplied by in situ concentration and in situ electrolysis. Different limits are established for oxygen from different sources, in recognition of differences in the ways the oxygen is stored, dispensed, and utilized, taking into account the safety of the user. These limits are not intended to specifically reflect upon the relative capabilities or merits of various technologies. Procurement documents may specify more stringent limits, where required for specific applications. Medical oxygen is not covered by this standard. In the United States, medical oxygen is a prescription drug and complies with the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP). In Europe, medical oxygen specification compiles with the European Pharmacopoeia monograph (Ph
A-10 Aircraft Oxygen Equipment Committee
This Aerospace Information Report provides general information to aircraft designers and engineers, regarding LOX, its properties, its storage and its conversion to gas. Much useful information is included herein for aircraft designers regarding important design considerations for a safe and effective installation to an aircraft. The associated ground support equipment needed to support operations of LOX equipped aircraft is also discussed. It is important to realize that LOX equipped aircraft cannot be supported unless this support infrastructure is also available. A significant part of this document will address the specific advantages, disadvantages and precautions relating to LOX systems. These are important issues that must be considered in deciding which oxygen system to install to the aircraft. Also, many commercial and military aircraft use aeromedical LOX equipment that is mostly portable equipment. Aeromedical LOX equipment is not addressed herein as it is beyond the scope of
A-10 Aircraft Oxygen Equipment Committee
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) identifies the risks and dangers associated with the carriage and use of pyrotechnic signaling devices in transport category aircraft life rafts and slide/rafts, and provides a rationale for allowing the use of alternative non-pyrotechnic devices authorized by FAA/TSO-C168. These devices offer an equivalent level of safety while eliminating flight safety risks, enhancing survivability of aircraft ditching survivors, reducing costs, eliminating dangerous goods transportation and handling issues, and reducing environmental impact of dangerous goods disposal
S-9A Safety Equipment and Survival Systems Committee
This document covers minimum performance standards for protective equipment used on the flight deck during rapid decompression (5 to 30 seconds) up to a maximum pressure altitude of 45000 feet. Equipment with the capability to adequately protect flight deck crew from hypoxia up to FL450 is anticipated to provide sufficient protection at lower altitudes
A-10 Aircraft Oxygen Equipment Committee
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) applies to landing gear structures and mechanisms (excluding wheels, tires, and brakes and other landing gear systems) for all types and models of civil and military aircraft. All axles, wheel forks, links, arms, mechanical and gas/oil shock struts, downlock and uplock assemblies, braces, trunnion beams, and truck beams, etc., that sustain loads originating at the ground, and that are not integral parts of the airframe structure, should be designed and validated in accordance with this document. Hydraulic actuators (retraction, main and nose gear steering, positioning, damping, etc.) should also be included in this coverage. System level, non-structural components such as retraction/extension valves, controllers, secondary structure and mechanisms in the airframe (e.g., manual release mechanisms, slaved doors) as well as equipment that is located in the cockpit are not addressed in this ARP
A-5B Gears, Struts and Couplings Committee
This standard only defines interconnect, electrical and logical (functional) requirements for the interface between a Micro Munition and the Host. The physical and mechanical interface between the Micro Munition and Host is undefined. Individual programs will define the relevant requirements for physical and mechanical interfaces in the Interface Control Document (ICD) or system specifications. It is acknowledged that this does not guarantee full interoperability of Interface for Micro Munitions (IMM) interfaces until further standardization is achieved
AS-1B Aircraft Store Integration Committee
This specification covers environment-resisting, quick disconnect, EMI/RFI shielded and non-shielded umbilical, electric connectors and adapter assemblies with removable crimp or nonremovable solder-type contacts and accessories. Connectors are rated for operation from -55 °C (-67 °F) to 200 °C (392 °F). Adapter assemblies are rated for operation from -55 °C (-67 °F) to 125 °C (257 °F). The upper temperature is the maximum internal hot spot temperature resulting from any combination of electrical load and ambient temperature
AE-8C1 Connectors Committee
The vehicle dynamics terminology presented herein pertains to passenger cars and light trucks with two axles and to those vehicles pulling single-axle trailers. The terminology presents symbols and definitions covering the following subjects: axis systems, vehicle bodies, suspension and steering systems, brakes, tires and wheels, operating states and modes, control and disturbance inputs, vehicle responses, and vehicle characterizing descriptors. The scope does not include terms relating to the human perception of vehicle response
Vehicle Dynamics Standards Committee
This SAE Standard specifies a procedure for approximating the volume of typical materials contained in the bowl of Open Bowl scrapers as defined in SAE J728 and SAE J1057. The volumes are based on the inside dimensions of the bowl and representative volumes on top of the bowl. This rating method is intended to provide a consistent means of comparing capacities; it is not intended to define actual capacities that might be observed in any specific application
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This document provides preliminary1 safety-relevant guidance for in-vehicle fallback test driver training and for on-road testing of vehicles being operated by prototype conditional, high, and full (Levels 3 to 5) ADS, as defined by SAE J3016. It does not include guidance for evaluating the performance of post-production ADS-equipped vehicles. Moreover, this guidance only addresses testing of ADS-operated vehicles as overseen by in-vehicle fallback test drivers (IFTD). These guidelines do not address: Remote driving, including remote fallback test driving of prototype ADS-operated test vehicles in driverless operation. (Note: The term “remote fallback test driver” is included as a defined term herein and is intended to be addressed in a future iteration of this document. However, at this time, too little is published or known about this type of testing to provide even preliminary guidance.) Testing of driver support features (i.e., Levels 1 and 2), which rely on a human driver to
On-Road Automated Driving (ORAD) Committee
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) describes and gives general guidelines on use and applicability of standard methods for impregnating dry fabric and lay-up of the impregnated plies. The methods of impregnating dry fabric and ply lay-up described in this document have specific application and are not interchangeable. The methods should only be used when specified in an approved repair procedure or with the agreement of the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) or regulatory authority
AMS CACRC Commercial Aircraft Composite Repair Committee
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) describes standard methods of heat application to cure thermosetting resins for commercial aircraft composite repairs. The methods described in this document shall only be used when specified in an approved repair document or with the agreement of the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) or regulatory authority
AMS CACRC Commercial Aircraft Composite Repair Committee
This document describes a process that may be used to perform the ongoing safety assessment for (1) GAR aircraft and components (hereafter, aircraft), and (2) commercial operators of GAR aircraft. The process described herein is intended to support an overall safety management program. It is to help a company establish and meet its own internal standards. The process described herein identifies a systematic means, but not the only means, to assess continuing airworthiness. Ongoing safety management is an activity dedicated to assuring that risk is identified and properly eliminated or controlled. The safety management process includes both safety assessment and economic decision-making. While economic decision-making (factors related to scheduling, parts, and cost) is an integral part of the safety management process, this document addresses only the ongoing safety assessment process. This ongoing safety assessment process includes safety problem identification and corrective action
S-18C ARP5150 and ARP5151 Working Group
This document describes guidelines, methods, and tools used to perform the ongoing safety assessment process for transport airplanes in commercial service (hereafter, termed “airplane”). The process described herein is intended to support an overall safety management program. It is associated with showing compliance with the regulations, and also with assuring a company that it meets its own internal standards. The methods identify a systematic means, but not the only means, to assess ongoing safety. While economic decision-making is an integral part of the safety management process, this document addresses only the ongoing safety assessment process. To put it succinctly, this document addresses the “Is it safe?” part of safety management; it does not address the “How much does it cost?” part of the safety management. This document also does not address any specific organizational structures for accomplishing the safety assessment process. While the nature of the organizational
S-18C ARP5150 and ARP5151 Working Group
This SAE Standard was developed to provide a method for indicating the direction of engine rotation and numbering of engine cylinders. The document is intended for use in designing new engines to eliminate the differences which presently exist in industry
Engine Power Test Code Committee
This document is intended to give general instructions and directions for personnel performing maintenance and modification work on Oxygen Systems
A-10 Aircraft Oxygen Equipment Committee
This standard covers regulators of the following types: Type I - Automatic Continuous Flow Type II - Adjustable Continuous Flow Type III - Pre-Set Continuous Flow Class A - Cylinder Mounted Class B - Line Mounted
A-10 Aircraft Oxygen Equipment Committee
This specification covers the general requirements for conventional AC and/or DC current carrying filter networks for the reduction of electromagnetic interference. A conventional filter is defined herein as a component containing definitive, lumped, R-L-C components and not employing distributed parameters as a required characteristic
AE-4 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Committee
This document is intended to give advisory information for the selection of plain bearings and bearing materials most suitable for aircraft landing gear applications. Information included herein was derived from bearing tests and service experience/reports. Airframe/landing gear manufacturers, commercial airlines, the U.S. Air Force and Naval Air Systems Command provided input for the document. Information is given on bearing installation methods and fits that have given satisfactory performance and service life. Base metal corrosion is a major cause of problems in bearing installations for landing gears. Therefore, methods of corrosion prevention are discussed. Effort is directed toward minimizing maintenance and maximizing life expectancy of landing gear bearings. Lubricated and self-lubricating bearings are also discussed. There are wide ranges of bearing load and motion requirements for applications in aircraft landing gears. For this reason, it is the responsibility of the
A-5B Gears, Struts and Couplings Committee
This recommended practice describes how to toughen a new or existing PNT system with the installation of inline GPS/GNSS jamming protection
PNT Position, Navigation, and Timing
This checklist is to be used by project personnel to assure that factors required for adequate system electromagnetic compatibility are considered and incorporated into a program. It provides a ready reference of EMC management and documentation requirements for a particular program from preproposal thru acquisition. When considered with individual equipments comprising the system and the electromagnetic operational environment in which the system will operate, the checklist will aid in the preparation of an EMC analysis. The analysis will facilitate the development of system- dependent EMC criteria and detailed system, subsystem, and equipment design requirements ensuring electromagnetic compatibility. It should be noted that all subjects are not covered and that all items listed may not be required on a given program
AE-4 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Committee
Aircraft surface precipitation static (p-static) charge can be generated when aircraft fly through ice particles, rain, snow and dust. However, in the context of p-static protection, this document is used for providing guidance for any thing that charges the outer surface of the aircraft (e.g. engine exhaust). P-static discharges from the aircraft can disrupt aircraft communication, navigation, and surveillance radios, and can damage aircraft radomes and windshields. This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines design considerations for aircraft p-static control and related methods to verify acceptable aircraft p-static performance. This ARP addresses p-static charging due to the aircraft flying through ice particles, rain, snow and dust. It does not address other triboelectric charging that may be present in an aircraft, such as triboelectric fuel charging or environmental control system or air conditioning static charging. It does not address electrostatic charging created
AE-2 Lightning Committee
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to promote the highest professional and personal conduct of practitioners in the fields of accident investigation and reconstruction. It encourages the continuous application of high ethical principles to one’s own endeavors. It also encourages the application of these same principles to others associated with accident investigation and reconstruction
Crash Data Collection and Analysis Standards Committee
This standard applies to hydraulic backhoes which have no more than 190 degrees of rotational swing and are mounted on wheeled tractors and crawler tractors
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This document applies to all hydraulic excavators and backhoes that are either crawler mounted or rubber tire mounted, with or without outrigger members, identified in SAE J1116 as earthmoving machines and defined in SAE J/ISO 6165. Purpose This document is to provide a uniform method of determining digging forces for hydraulic excavators and backhoes
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to off-road, self-propelled work machine categories of earthmoving, forestry, road building and maintenance, and specialized mining machinery as defined in SAE J1116
Machine Technical Steering Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice defines machines equipped with forks for material handling, which are intended for use on unimproved or disturbed terrain. (Reference J1116, Categories 1, 2 or 6.) Purpose To identify types of machines, which use forks as working tools, while being used on unimproved surfaces. The machines are grouped as follows: loaders/tractors with forks and rough terrain forklifts. These groupings are used in identifying the organization responsible for applicable standards
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
The scope of this document is a technology-neutral approach to speech input and audible output system guidelines applicable for OEM and aftermarket systems in light vehicles. These may be stand-alone interfaces or the speech aspects of multi-modal interfaces. This document does not apply to speech input and audible output systems used to interact with automation or automated driving systems in vehicles that are equipped with such systems while they are in use (ref. J3016:JAN2014
Driver Vehicle Interface (DVI) Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to wheel and crawler loaders when equipped with log or material handling forks without vertical masts, taking only hydraulic lift capacity and operating stability into consideration. It is recognized that specific operating conditions may allow larger, or require smaller loads than the rated operating load. Some conditions would require more careful or restricted operation with the rated operating load. This practice is not to be construed as setting up test procedures or conditions
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This Standard is to establish identification terminology for major components and parts used in the ripping operation on earthmoving machines. The components and parts illustrated are attached to certain self-propelled earthmoving machines and/or attachments as defined in SAE J326, J727, J729, J870 and J1193
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
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