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Backaitis, Stanley
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Frontal Crash Safety Technologies for the 90S

Stanley Backaitis
  • Special Publication (SP)
  • SP-0852
Published 1991-02-01 by SAE International in United States
This informative publication provides insight into how technology is being applied for new safety developments and for the achievement of greather protection. Partial contents include: a new automobile crash sensor tester; opportunities for frontal crash protection at speeds greater than 35 MPH; lower extremity injuries in frontal crashes: injuries, locations, AIS and contacts; hybrid III sternal deflection associated with thoracic injury severities of occupants restrained with force-limiting shoulder belts; an advanced database of the 50th percentile hybrid III dummy; application of a pedestrian impact model to the determination of impact speed; and effectiveness of safety belts and airbags in preventing fatal injury.
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Side Impact Occupant Protection Technologies

Stanley Backaitis
  • Special Publication (SP)
  • SP-0851
Published 1991-02-01 by SAE International in United States
Side Impact Occupant Protection Technologies contains current information on test procedures; test tools; test results; occupant kinematics; and means to improve occupant survival in side impacts. Partial contents include: practical problems related to side impact field data accuracy and its importance to side impact protection assessments; computer-aided 3-D surface reconstruction during high speed crush events; computer simulation of side impact using different mobile barriers; energy absorbed by vehicle structures in side- impacts; and occupant kinematics and injury causation in side impacts - field accident experience.
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Vehicle Crashworthiness and Occupant Protection in Frontal Collisions

Stanley Backaitis
  • Special Publication (SP)
  • SP-0807
Published 1990-02-01 by SAE International in United States
Recent studies indicate that front barrier testing is only one of several considerations in evaluating the effectiveness of occupant protection systems. This information-packed publication discusses current test procedures in light of advancing technology, examining how occupant protection systems will be evaluated in the future. Partial contents include: essential requirements for an effective full scale frontal impact test; are barrier crashes sufficient for evaluating air bag sensor performance; the prediction of hybrid III manikin head-neck kinematics and dynamics; energy dissipated in vehicle crush~a study using the repeated test technique; and more.
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Automotive Frontal Impacts

Stanley Backaitis
  • Special Publication (SP)
  • SP-0782
Published 1989-02-01 by SAE International in United States
This current, in-depth publication reviews technical progress in the protection of car occupants in frontal collisions. Partial contents include: a method for evaluating occupant protection by correlating accident data with laboratory test data; a finite element approach to occupant simulation~the PAM-CRASH airbag model; trends in sensing frontal impacts; cars in conflict with larger vehicles~the problem of under-run; critical review of the use of seat belts by pregnant women; and the cradle-safe infant restraint~a low cost, state-of-the-art advance in infant occupant protection.

Development of the Nhtsa Advanced Dummy for the Occupant Protection Standard Upgrade

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Dept. o-Stanley Backaitis, Mark Haffner
  • Technical Paper
  • 796037
Published 1979-01-01 by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in United States
The NHTSA has presented an advanced dummy development program. Its overall schedule is designed to serve the long range Vehicle Occupant Crash Protection Upgrade needs in the United States. The preliminary plan identifies major exploratory research and development areas that must be addressed and resolved in a timely manner. The program provides for the development of an internationally acceptable dummy through participatory cooperation and contribution. NHTSA intends to accommodate internationally based suggestions, proposals and research data, and to fuse those into its program as long as they are constructive, are relevant to the outstanding issues and fall within the framework of the development schedule. Twenty items of concern have been identified for initial discussion requiring inputs by the international community to initiate the program.