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This document provides background information, rationale, and data (both physical testing and computer simulations) used in defining the component test methods and similarity criteria described in SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) 6330. ARP6330 defines multiple test methods used to assess the effect of seat back mounted IFE monitor changes on blunt trauma to the head and post-impact sharp edge generation. The data generated is based on seat and IFE components installed on type A-T (transport airplane) certified aircraft. While not within the scope of ARP6330, generated test data for the possible future development of surrogate target evaluation methods is also included
Aircraft Seat Committee
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides recommendations for: The audit process in general A list of specific areas of attention to be audited Maintaining the test facility in such a manner that it meets audit requirements
EG-1E Gas Turbine Test Facilities and Equipment
This SAE Recommended Practice outlines the qualification testing and performance related criteria of elastomeric boot seals used in constant velocity joint applications. These applications are referred to as front- wheel-drive halfshafts or axles, but can also be utilized in rear-wheel-drive halfshaft applications. For additional information regarding CV joint systems and their applications refer to SAE AE-7 “Universal Joint and Driveshaft Design Manual
Drivetrain Standards Committee
Because of the drastic chilling involved in die casting and the fact that the solid solubilities of both aluminum and copper in zinc change with temperature, these alloys are subject to some aging changes, one of which is a dimensional change. Both of the alloys undergo a slight shrinkage after casting, which at room temperature is about two-thirds complete in five weeks. It is possible to accelerate this shrinkage by a stabilizing anneal, after which no further changes occur. The recommended stabilizing anneal is 3 to 6 h at 100 °C (212 °F), or 5 to 10 h at 85 °C (185 °F), or 10 to 20 h at 70 °C (158 °F). The time in each case is measured from the time at which the castings reach the annealing temperature. The parts may be air cooled after annealing. Such a treatment will cause a shrinkage (0.0004 in per in) of about two-thirds of the total, and the remaining shrinkage will occur at room temperature during the subsequent few weeks. Stabilizing results in a decrease in dimensions of
Metals Technical Committee
This SAE Standard specifies requirements for two types, three classes, and four styles of reinforced hose and non-reinforced tubing for conveying gasoline or diesel fuel aboard small craft including pleasure craft whose fuel systems are regulated under 33 CFR 183 Subpart J. SAE J1527 contains requirements for a Type A fire test of 2.5 minutes and defines a type B hose that is not fire resistant. Refer to SAE J1942 for commercial marine non-metallic flexible hose or hose assemblies used in systems on board commercial vessels inspected and certified by the U.S. Coast Guard. SAE J1942 defines a type A fire resistance test of 2.5 minutes and a type B test of 30 minutes. Refer to SAE J2046 for fuel hose used on personal watercraft
Marine Engine Fuel Systems Committee
The purpose of this SAE Standard is to provide a standardized test procedure for generating engine performance maps. An engine performance map is a listing of engine fuel flow rates versus torque or power obtained at specific engine speeds and loads. Engine performance maps as specified by this code can be used in fuel economy simulation programs. This document is applicable to both four-stroke spark ignition (SI) and compression ignition (CI) engines, naturally aspirated and pressure charged, with or without charge air cooling
Engine Power Test Code Committee
Dynamic simulation sled testing can represent various automotive collision conditions. Acceleration conditions during sled testing are readily reproducible and can be tuned to simulate collision events that occur during vehicle impacts with a fixed barrier or vehicle. Sled tests are conducted on automotive vehicle bodies or other structures to obtain valuable information. This information can be used to evaluate the dynamic performance of, but not limited to, vehicle restraint systems, vehicle seating systems, and body closure systems
Impact and Rollover Test Procedures Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice defines a procedure for the construction and testing of glass to metal lap shears for determining shear strength of sealant adhesives for automotive stationary glass bonding. This procedure can also be used for fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) when used in place of metal
Materials, Processes and Parts Council
This procedure is applicable to modes from 500 and 13,000 Hz. The parameters measured with this procedure are defined as the damping factor, ξ for first nine vibration modes of the beam. The measurement will be done in free-free conditions and with temperature
Brake NVH Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended to provide design, interchangeable dimensions, testing procedures, performance requirements, and minimum identification for gladhand-type air line couplers used to connect the brake systems of trucks, truck-tractors, trailers, and dollies when these vehicles are joined to operate as a combination unit
Truck and Bus Brake Supply and Control Components Committee
The purpose of this fuel filter test method is to provide standardized methods for evaluating the performance characteristics of fuel filters by bench test methods. This, combined with data obtained from application tests, may be used to establish standards of performance for filters when tested by these standard methods. Many variations in requirements of filtration to protect fuel supply equipment on engines and variations in operating conditions make it difficult to specify meaningful "in-service" performance standards by which a filter may be judged. By the use of these standard test methods, test conditions are always the same, and comparisons of the laboratory performance of filters may be made with a high degree of confidence. Once the requirements of a particular application are known, performance standards for suitable filters may be established by these test methods, and adequacy of performance of filters for the job may be determined. In order to achieve the highest degree
Filter Test Methods Standards Committee
This recommended practice defines a procedure for the construction of a lap shear specimen for the purpose of testing the bondability of an automotive sealant adhesive to the elastomeric material used in automotive encapsulating. The present practice of encapsulating automotive glass is described as molding elastomeric material onto the outer edge of the glass using thermoplastic or thermosetting material that quickly sets in the mold. The glass is removed from the mold with cured elastomeric material bonded to the perimeter of thee glass. This encapsulated glass module can now be bonded with a sealant adhesive into the body opening of a vehicle
Materials, Processes and Parts Council
This document provides an overview on how and why EGR coolers are utilized, defines commonly used nomenclature, discusses design issues and trade-offs, and identifies common failure modes. The reintroduction of selectively cooled exhaust gas into the combustion chamber is just one component of the emission control strategy for internal combustion (IC) engines, both diesel and gasoline, and is useful in reducing exhaust port emission of nitrogen oxides (NOx). Other means of reducing NOx exhaust port emissions are briefly mentioned, but beyond the scope of this document
Cooling Systems Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to parts and materials used in vehicle manufacture which are intended to be acceptable color matches to a specified standard. This document is intended for use with parts or materials which are opaque or nearly so. Materials covered by this document include topcoat paint finishes, interior soft trim, interior and exterior hard trim, and exterior film and flexible trim. This practice requires judgments by observers with a minimum of normal color vision and preferably superior as rated with the FM-100 hue test as specified in ASTM E1499
Textile and Flexible Plastics Committee
To provide standard terminology and definitions with regard to ignition systems for spark-ignited internal combustion engines
Ignition Standards Committee
This SAE Standard applies to all self-propelled construction and industrial machines using liquid-cooled internal combustion engines
Cooling Systems Standards Committee
This document defines a physical layer having a high bandwidth capacity utilizing the Flexible Data Rate Frame Format as defined in ISO 11898-1:2015. CAN controllers which support this format and compatible high speed transceivers are required for use on SAE J1939-17 networks. This SAE Recommended Practice is intended for light- and heavy-duty vehicles on- or off-road as well as appropriate stationary applications which use vehicle derived components (e.g., generator sets). Vehicles of interest include but are not limited to: on- and off-highway trucks and their trailers; construction equipment; and agricultural equipment and implements
Truck Bus Control and Communications Network Committee
This document describes a test procedure for rating peak power of the Rechargeable Energy Storage System (RESS) used in a combustion engine Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV). Other types of vehicles with non fossil fuel primary engines, such as fuel cells, are not intended to use this test procedure
Battery Standards Testing Committee
This SAE Standard applies to all machines with shovel, clam, or dragline attachment
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This SAE Standard outlines the engine oil performance categories and classifications developed through the efforts of the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers (Alliance), American Petroleum Institute (API), the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), the Engine Manufacturers Association (EMA), the International Lubricant Specification Advisory Committee (ILSAC), and SAE. The verbal descriptions by API and ASTM, along with prescribed test methods and limits, are shown for active categories in Table 1 and obsolete categories in Table A1. Appendix A is thus a historical documentation of the obsolete categories. For purposes of this document, active categories are defined as those (a) for which the required test equipment and test support materials, including reference engine oils and reference fuels, are readily available, or for which the Category Life Oversight Group has established equivalencies between unavailable tests and newer, available tests; (b) which ASTM or the test
Fuels and Lubricants TC 1 Engine Lubrication
This Recommended Practice can apply to both Original Equipment Manufacturer and Aftermarket route-guidance and navigation system functions for passenger vehicles. The methods apply only to the presentation of visual information and the use of manual control inputs to accomplish a navigation or route guidance task. They do not apply to visual monitoring tasks which do not require a manual control input, such as route following. Voice-activated controls or passenger operation of controls are also excluded
Driver Metrics, Performance, Behaviors and States Committee
This part of SAE J2244 specifies dimensions, performance requirements, and test procedures for metric adjustable and nonadjustable light-duty (L series) stud ends and O-rings. Stud ends in accordance with this part of SAE J2244 may be used at working pressures up to 40 MPa for nonadjustable stud ends and 31.5 MPa for adjustable stud ends. The permissible working pressure depends upon materials, design, working conditions, applications, etc. For threaded ports and stud ends for use in new designs in hydraulic fluid power applications, only SAE J2244 shall be used. Threaded ports and stud ends in accordance with ISO 1179, ISO 9974, and SAE J1926 (ISO 11926) shall not be used in new designs in hydraulic fluid power applications. Conformance to the dimensional information in this SAE Standard does not guarantee rated performance. Each manufacturer shall perform testing according to the specification contained in this document to ensure that components made to this document comply with the
Hydraulic Tube Fittings Committee
This document provides nomenclature and references to related documents for heavy vehicle event data recorders (HVEDR) for heavy-duty (HD) ground wheeled vehicles. The SAE J2728 series of documents consists of the following
Truck and Bus Event Data Recorder Committee
This SAE Standard specifies a procedure for approximating the volume of a typical material carried in the bowl of an elevating scraper as defined in SAE J728 and SAE J1057. The volumes are based on the inside dimensions of the bowl and a representative volume on top of the bowl. This rating method is intended to provide a consistent means of comparing capacities; it is not intended to define actual capacities that might be observed in any specific application
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This user’s manual covers the Hybrid III 6-year-old child test dummy, including changes specified in 49 CFR Part 572, Subpart N in the final rule dated December 9, 2010. It is intended for technicians who work with this device. It covers the construction and clothing, disassembly and reassembly, available instrumentation, external dimensions and segment masses, as well as certification and inspection test procedures. Appendix A contains guidelines for safe handling of instrumented dummies. Appendix B contains instructions for repairing dummy flesh. Appendix C includes procedures for adjusting the joints throughout the dummy
Dummy Testing and Equipment Committee
This SAE Standard specifies brake system performance and test criteria to enable uniform evaluation of the braking capability of self-propelled, ride-on vibratory steel wheel, static steel wheel, and rubber-tire roller compactors with maximum level surface machine speeds of 25 km/h or less. Service, secondary, and parking brakes are included. Machines with maximum level surface machine speeds greater than 25 km/h shall conform to the requirements of SAE J/ISO 3450
OPTC2, Braking
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes methods to determine grade parking performance with respect to: a. Ability of the parking brake system to lock the braked wheels. b. The vehicle holding or sliding on the grade, fully loaded or unloaded. c. Applied manual effort. d. Unburnished or burnished brake lining friction conditions. e. Down and up grade directions
Truck and Bus Brake Systems Committee
The CRABI dummy was developed to evaluate small child restraint systems in automotive crash environments, in all directions of impact, with or without air bag interaction Basic anthropometry for this test device was taken from the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute Report 85-23. Weight distribution and scaling methods for the infant were approved by the Society of Automotive (SAE) Infant Dummy Task Group. The dummy weighs 17.2 pounds and has a 26.4 inches standing or 17.3 inches sitting height. The Hybrid Ill-like neck and lumbar spine are laterally notched to reduce lateral stiffness The shoulders have flesh support for durability and human-like performance in areas where seatbelt webbing may be placed. In addition, rubber elements are used in each joint to improve biofidelity and to give the CRABI infant-like range of motion. The CRABI Six-Month-Old design meets all the SAE Infant Dummy Task Group anthropometry, biomechanical and instrumentation requirements
Dummy Testing and Equipment Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice is applicable to all heat exchangers used in vehicle and industrial cooling systems. This document outlines the tests to determine the heat transfer and pressure drop performance under specified conditions. This document has been reviewed and revised by adding several clarifying statements to Section 4
Cooling Systems Standards Committee
This document is written to address acceleration and deceleration control issues related to heavy-duty trucks and buses greater than 10000 GVW
Truck and Bus Brake Systems Committee
Any ROPS meeting the performance requirement of ISO 5700 (Static ROPS Test Standard) or ISO 3463 (Dynamic ROPS Test Standard) meets the performance requirements of this SAE Standard if the ROPS temperature/material and seat belt requirements of this document are also met
OPTC4, Protective Structures
Provide a description of standard test methods and analysis methods for bench test measurement of the component level EPB actuation noise in order to evaluate the noise performance of the EPB actuators
Brake NVH Standards Committee
This SAE Standard specifies the nominal dimensions and tolerances which affect the interchangeability between companion flanges and mating parts. The flanges covered by this document are designated type A and type S. The type A flanges are equivalent to type A ISO 7646. The type S flanges are equivalent to the type S ISO 7647. Type A is an external (male) pilot construction and type S is an internal (female) pilot construction. These flanges are not interchangeable. Dimensions not specified are left to the discretion of the component manufacturer
Drivetrain Standards Committee
This Standard is restricted to refrigeration circuits that provide air-conditioning for the passenger compartments of passenger and commercial vehicles. This Standard includes analytical and physical test procedures to evaluate refrigerant concentration inside the passenger compartment. In the early phases of vehicle evaluation, usage of the analytical approach may be sufficient without performing physical tests. The physical test procedure involves releasing refrigerant from an external source to a location adjacent to the evaporator core (inside the HVAC module). An apparatus is used to provide a repeatable, calibrated leak rate. If the system has multiple evaporators, leakage could be simulated at any of the evaporator locations. This standard gives detail information on the techniques for measuring R-744 (CO2) and R-1234yf (HFO-1234yf), but the general techniques described here can be used for other refrigerants as well
Interior Climate Control Vehicle OEM Committee
This document outlines general requirements for the use of CFD methods for aerodynamic simulation of medium and heavy commercial ground vehicles weighing more than 10000 pounds. The document provides guidance for aerodynamic simulation with CFD methods to support current vehicle characterization, vehicle development, vehicle concept development, and vehicle component development. The guidelines presented in the document are related to Navier-Stokes and Lattice-Boltzmann based solvers. This document is only valid for the classes of CFD methods and applications mentioned. Other classes of methods and applications may or may not be appropriate to simulate the aerodynamics of medium and heavy commercial ground vehicle weighing more than 10000 pounds
Truck and Bus Aerodynamics and Fuel Economy Committee
This interface document SAE J2286 revises the requirements for file formats as were originally described in SAE J1924. This document describes Interface 1 (I/F 1) in SAE J2461. This document does not imply the use of a specific hardware interface, but may be used with other hardware interfaces such as SAE J1939, ISO 15765 or ISO 14229. The requirements of SAE J2286 supersede the requirements defined by SAE J1924
Truck and Bus Low Speed Communication Network Committee
This SAE Standard covers the engineering requirements for peening surfaces of parts by impingement of metallic shot, glass beads, or ceramic shot
Surface Enhancement Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice covers the use of preferred bolt and capscrew sizes, wherever applicable, on construction and industrial machinery to ease serviceability. Designers, in their efforts to determine the proper fastener for heavy equipment, sometimes overlook the practical aspects of serviceability. When a particular component requires frequent service, it is much faster and easier for the serviceman to work with common size, easily distinguished bolts and capscrews which require a minimum of tools. Section 4 lists eight diameters of recommended bolts and capscrews, some of which can be found in any hardware store, require only standard tools, are easy to distinguish, and at the same time cover proof loads from 1043 kg (2300 lb) on up at convenient intervals. While some applications may require other sizes and/or fine threaded fasteners for greater camping forces and/or area restrictions, the convenience of UNC threads in the sizes indicated is preferred wherever possible
Fasteners Committee
Not applicable
Truck and Bus Total Vehicle Steering Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice provides the designer with guidance for the selection of directional control valves for use in the hydraulic systems of surface ships and submersibles. This guidance includes use of standard valves and interfaces, minimum envelopes that should be reserved to permit interchangeability, environmental considerations, and general technical requirements
Ship Fluid Systems Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to the laboratory measurement of rolling resistance of pneumatic passenger car, light truck, and highway truck and bus tires. The procedure applies only to the steady-state operation of free-rolling tires at zero slip and inclination angles; it includes the following three basic methods
Highway Tire Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice provides a test procedure for eddy current speedometers, including the odometer if an integral portion of the speedometer, for passenger car service
Odometer and Speedometer Standards
This standard establishes procedures for conducting tests to determine the mechanical properties of externally and internally threaded fasteners. Property requirements and the applicable tests for their determination are specified in individual product standards. In those instances where the testing requirements are unique or at variance with these standard procedures, the product standard shall specify the controlling testing requirements. This standard describes mechanical tests for determining the following properties: For externally threaded fasteners: Product hardness (Section 4.1) Surface hardness (Section 4.2) Proof load (Section 4.3) Yield strength (Section 4.4) Axial tensile strength (Section 4.5) Wedge tensile strength (Section 4.6) Elongation (Section 4.7) Reduction of area (Section 4.7) For internally threaded fasteners: Product hardness (Section 5.1) Proof load (Section 5.2
Fasteners Committee
This SAE Information Report establishes procedures and terminology for measuring, calculating, and referencing the percent vehicle overlap for a case vehicle in real-world or staged end plane collisions where the end plane of the case vehicle is engaged at one of the two bumper corners but not both. This SAE Information Report may be applied to rear or front plane impacts
Crash Data Collection and Analysis Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes the test procedure, environment, and instrumentation for determining the maximum exterior sound level of highway motor trucks and truck tractors over 4540 kg gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) with governed engines under stationary vehicle conditions. The basic procedure involves a full throttle engine acceleration and a closed throttle deceleration with the engine inertia as the load
Light Vehicle Exterior Sound Level Standards Committee
This recommended practice contains dimensions and tolerances for outboard mounted brake drums and disc wheel hubs in the interface areas. This recommended practice is intended for outboard mounted brake drums and disc wheel hubs commonly used on class 7 and 8 commercial vehicles. Included are SAE J694 mounting systems II, III, IV, XIV, and X. Special and less common applications are not covered
Truck and Bus Wheel Committee
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