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This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides guidance on using environmental, electrochemical, and electrical resistance measurements to monitor environment spectra and corrosivity of service environments, focusing on parameters of interest, existing measurement platforms, deployment requirements, and data processing techniques. The sensors and monitoring systems provide discrete time-based records of (1) environmental parameters such as temperature, humidity, and contaminants; (2) measures of alloy corrosion of the sensor; and (3) protective coating performance of the sensor. These systems provide measurements of environmental parameters, sensor material corrosion rate, and sensor coating condition for use in assessing the risk of atmospheric corrosion of a structure. Time-based records of environment spectra and corrosivity can help determine the likelihood of corrosion to assess the risk of corrosion damage of the host structure for managed assets and aid in establishing
HM-1 Integrated Vehicle Health Management Committee
This specification covers a premium aircraft-quality, low-alloy steel in the form of bars, forgings, mechanical tubing, and forging stock
AMS E Carbon and Low Alloy Steels Committee
This specification covers aircraft-quality, low-alloy steel in the form of round, seamless tubing
AMS E Carbon and Low Alloy Steels Committee
This specification covers the requirements for producing a zinc phosphate coating on ferrous alloys and the properties of the coating
AMS B Finishes Processes and Fluids Committee
This SAE Standard describes a reference system architecture based on LTE-V2X technology defined in the set of ETSI standards based on 3GPP Release 14. It also describes cross-cutting features unique to LTE-V2X PC5 sidelink (mode 4) that can be used by current and future application standards. The audience for this document includes the developers of applications and application specifications, as well as those interested in LTE-V2X system architecture, testing, and certification
C-V2X Technical Committee
Test procedure for anti-lock brake system (ABS/anti-lock) performance for trucks, truck-tractors, and buses over 4536 kg (10000 pounds
Truck and Bus Brake Systems Committee
Inclement weather can have a significant impact on surface transportation systems. It can result in hazardous conditions for travelers due to poor visibility, or wet or icy roadways. Weather applications have the potential to provide additional data to surface transportation infrastructure owners and operators, allowing them to better assess the impacts of the weather environment on or around the roadway and to better manage the surface transportation system. Such weather applications can: Collect road weather data from connected vehicles and mobile devices, increasing the number of data sources available. Provide road weather related traveler information to travelers via connected vehicles and devices, such as when and where a hazardous condition exists. Provide the ability to manage road weather response on specific roadways. This SAE Standard specifies interface requirements between vehicles and infrastructure for weather applications, including detailed systems engineering
V2X Core Technical Committee
This document contains guidance for designers, specifiers, regulatory personnel, purchasers, managers, and others who specify or use optical simulations of aircraft lights. All aircraft lighting will be considered interior, flight deck, and exterior lighting. Guidance on standard methods of analysis and presentation of data will be provided. Although this document concentrates on lighting, many of the principles covered will be helpful in other types of optical simulation, such as for displays, non-visible radiation, etc
A-20B Exterior Lighting Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice is applicable to oil-to-air and oil-to-coolant oil coolers installed on mobile or stationary equipment and provides a glossary of oil cooler nomenclature. Such oil coolers may be used for the purpose of cooling automatic transmission fluid, hydraulic system oil, retarder system fluid, engine oil, etc. This document outlines the methods of procuring the test data to determine the operating characteristics of the oil cooling system and the interpretation of the results
Cooling Systems Standards Committee
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) offers an overview of the many key processes that are being transformed as the aerospace industry is rapidly digitalizing. The G-31 Electronic Transactions in Aerospace committee has been established to develop standards related to these processes. This report, also known as the “cornerstone” document for the committee, is a comprehensive look at processes associated with commercial aviation. Because of universal convergence of these technologies, the technologies described here are applicable to other domains as well
G-31 Digital Transactions for Aerospace
This SAE Recommended Practice covers the most common applications of electronically controlled on-demand clutch systems used in passenger (car and light truck) vehicle applications. This practice is applicable for torque modulation devices used in transfer cases, electronic limited slip differential (eLSD) cross-axle devices, rear drive module (RDM) integrated torque transfer devices with or without disconnect capability, and other related torque transfer devices
Drivetrain Standards Committee
The processes addressed in this Aerospace Information Report (AIR) apply to the acquisition and validation of dynamic total-pressure and distortion data from CFD models simulating turbulent flows in inlets. The results of these processes can be used in the formation of an inlet-flow-distortion methodology that addresses turbine-engine operability assessments
S-16 Turbine Engine Inlet Flow Distortion Committee
The turbine-engine-inlet flow distortion descriptors summarized in this document apply to the effects of inlet total-pressure, planar-wave, and total-temperature distortions. Guidelines on stability margin, destabilizing influences, types and purposes of inlet data, AIP definition, and data acquisition and handling are summarized from AIR5866, AIR5867, ARP1420, and AIR1419. The degree to which these recommendations are applied to a specific program should be consistent with the complexity of the inlet/engine integration. Total-pressure distortion is often the predominant destabilizing element that is encountered and is often the only type of distortion to be considered, i.e, not all types of distortion need to be considered for all vehicles
S-16 Turbine Engine Inlet Flow Distortion Committee
This document is not a standard, it is a candidate for a standard being submitted to SAE for their consideration as a comment to SAE J2735. The term SAE J2735 SE candidate is used within this document to refer to this submission. This document specifies dialogs, messages, and the data frames and data elements that make up the messages specifically for use by applications intended to utilize the 5.9 GHz Dedicated Short Range Communications for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (DSRC/WAVE, referenced in this document simply as “DSRC"), communications systems. Although the scope of this Standard is focused on DSRC, these dialogs, messages, data frames and data elements have been designed, to the extent possible, to be of use for applications that may be deployed in conjunction with other wireless communications technologies. This standard therefore specifies the definitive message structure and provides sufficient background information to allow readers to properly interpret the
V2X Communications Steering Committee
This SAE Standard provides the minimum requirements for high-power, two-conductor jumper cable plug and receptacle for truck-trailer jumper cable systems. It includes the test procedures, design, and performance requirements. This document covers receptacles rated 12 VDC nominal and at more than 30 A (amperes) up to and including 150 A, and is intended for a single circuit with one power conductor and one common return conductor. Single-conductor high-current connectors are not recommended for future designs because of inadequate ground return through fifth wheel/king pin. Cable size selection is to be made by the vehicle OEM for specific applications and the specific voltage drop requirements of those applications. This SAE Standard covers two variants of high-power two-conductor connections: a heavy duty version, with horizontally aligned pins, typically for lift-gate battery charging; and a medium duty version, with vertically aligned pins, typically for loads such as power
Truck and Bus Electrical Systems Committee
This SAE Document specifies DSRC interface requirements for V2V Safety Awareness applications, including detailed Systems Engineering documentation (needs and requirements mapped to appropriate message exchanges). These applications include: Emergency Vehicle Alert, Roadside Alert, and Safety Awareness Alerts for Objects and Adverse Road Conditions. This document extends the V2V Communications capabilities defined in J2945/1 to support these applications, and the National ITS Architecture. The purpose of this SAE Document is to enable interoperability for V2V Safety Awareness communications
V2X Vehicular Applications Technical Committee
This SAE Standard provides measurement methods to determine HUD optical performance in typical automotive ambient lighting conditions. It covers indoor measurements with simulated outdoor lighting for the measurement of HUD virtual images. HUD types addressed by this standard includes w-HUD (windshield HUD) and c-HUD (combiner HUD) with references to Augmented Reality (AR) HUD as needed. It is not the scope of this document to set threshold values for automotive compliance; however, some recommended values are presented for reference
Vehicular Flat Panel Display Standards Committee
This document outlines the development process and makes recommendations for total antiskid/aircraft systems compatibility. These recommendations encompass all aircraft systems that may affect antiskid brake control and performance. It focuses on recommended practices specific to antiskid and its integration with the aircraft, as opposed to more generic practices recommended for all aircraft systems and components. It defers to the documents listed in Section 2 for generic aerospace best practices and requirements. The documents listed below are the major drivers in antiskid/aircraft integration: 1 ARP4754 2 ARP4761 3 RTCA DO-178 4 RTCA DO-254 5 RTCA DO-160 6 ARP490 7 ARP1383 8 ARP1598 In addition, it covers design and operational goals, general theory, and functions, which should be considered by the aircraft brake system engineer to attain the most effective skid control performance, as well as methods of determining and evaluating antiskid system performance. For definitions of
A-5A Wheels, Brakes and Skid Controls Committee
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) describes a method for assessing size dependent particle losses in a sampling and measurement system of specified geometry utilizing the non-volatile PM (nvPM) mass and number concentrations measured at the end of the sampling system.1 The penetration functions of the sampling and measurement system may be determined either by measurement or by analytic computational methods. Loss mechanisms including thermophoretic (which has a very weak size dependence) and size dependent losses are considered in this method2 along with the uncertainties due to both measurement error and the assumptions of the method. The results of this system loss assessment allow development of estimated correction factors for nvPM mass and number concentrations to account for the system losses facilitating estimation of the nvPM mass and number at the engine exhaust nozzle exit plane. As the particle losses are size dependent, the magnitude of correction factors can
E-31P Particulate Matter Committee
This document establishes best practices to measure vehicle stopping distance on dry or wet asphalt in a straight path of travel intended for the purpose of publishing stopping distance by manufacturers and media organizations for vehicles with original equipment tires. It is recommended that the test method within be adopted for all vehicles less than 4536 kg (10000 pounds) GVWR. This procedure is typically used with initial speeds of 100 km/h and 60 mph, but other speeds may be used. Since tires play a significant role in stopping distance, this procedure covers tire types typically used as original equipment on new vehicles including all-season, summer, and all-terrain tires. This document may serve as a procedural guideline for all tire types, but the surface temperature correction formulas in this procedure were developed using all-season tires and may not be applicable to other tire types
Highway Tire Committee
This report covers engine tests performed in Altitude Test Facilities (ATFs) with the primary purpose of determining steady state thrust at simulated altitude flight conditions as part of the in-flight thrust determination process. As such it is complementary to AIR1703 and AIR5450, published by the SAE E-33 Technical Committee. The gross thrust determined using such tests may be used to generate other thrust-related parameters that are frequently applied in the assessment of propulsion system performance. For example: net thrust, specific thrust, and exhaust nozzle coefficients. The report provides a general description of ATFs including all the major features. These are: Test cell air supply system. This controls the inlet pressure and includes flow straightening, humidity and temperature conditioning. Air inlet duct and slip joint. Note that the report only covers the case where the inlet duct is connected to the engine, not free jet testing. Thrust stand force measurement system
E-33 In Flight Propulsion Measurement Committee
This SAE Information Report provides SAE’s recommendations for meeting the requirements for REAL NOx accuracy demonstration and for the implementation of REAL NOx binning requirements as defined in OBD regulations 13 CCR 1971.1 and 13 CCR 1968.2
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This SAE Recommended Practice provides instructions and test procedures for measuring air consumption of air braked vehicles equipped with Antilock Brake Systems (ABS) used on highways
Truck and Bus Brake Systems Committee
SAE J2534-1 defines a standard vehicle network interface that can be used to reprogram emission-related control modules. However, there is a need to support vehicles prior to the 2004 model year, as well as non-emission related control modules. The SAE J2534-2 document meets these needs by detailing extensions to API version 04.04 of the SAE J2534-1 specification. It is not required for an interface to be fully compliant with API version 04.04 of the SAE J2534-1 specification to implement some of the features specified in this document. Together, these extensions provide the framework for a common interface to protect the software investment of the vehicle OEMs and scan tool manufacturers. Only the optional features will be described by this document and are based on the December 2004 publication of SAE J2534-1
Vehicle E E System Diagnostic Standards Committee
This standard specifies the system requirements for an on-board vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) safety communications system for light vehicles1, including standards profiles, functional requirements, and performance requirements. The system is capable of transmitting and receiving the SAE J2735-defined basic safety message (BSM) [1] over a dedicated short range communications (DSRC) wireless communications link as defined in the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 1609 suite and IEEE 802.11 standards [2] to [6
V2X Core Technical Committee
This document provides a list of data elements and event triggers for recording of event data relevant to crash investigations for heavy vehicles. The list of data elements includes recommended source(s) and formatting
Truck and Bus Event Data Recorder Committee
This SAE J2971 Recommended Practice describes a standard naming convention of aerodynamic devices and technologies used to control aerodynamic forces on truck and buses weighing more than 10000 pounds (including trailers
Truck and Bus Aerodynamics and Fuel Economy Committee
The motorcycle terminology presented herein addresses two-wheel single track vehicles, as well as motorized three wheel cycles. Although two-wheeled, single track scooters and mopeds are similar to traditional motorcycles, they have many characteristics which differentiate them from motorcycles, and while some terms will apply, this Terminology addresses motorcycles specifically, unless otherwise noted. Likewise, some three wheel cycles may have some similar design features and share components with motorcycle, the dynamics and handling of three wheel vehicles differs from two wheel, single track motorcycles. The terminology presents definitions covering the following subjects: dynamics and handling of single track vehicles, motorcycle categories and types, motorcycle crash dynamics and technology, and in-depth crash investigations, motorcycle design and components, systems, and equipment, motorcycle operation, operational environments and hazards, rider protective equipment including
Motorcycle Technical Steering Committee
This document reviews the state of the art for data scaling issues associated with air induction system development for turbine-engine-powered aircraft. In particular, the document addresses issues with obtaining high quality aerodynamic data when testing inlets. These data are used in performance and inlet-engine compatibility analyses. Examples of such data are: inlet recovery, inlet turbulence, and steady-state and dynamic total-pressure inlet distortion indices. Achieving full-scale inlet/engine compatibility requires a deep understanding of three areas: 1) geometric scaling fidelity (referred to here as just “scaling”), 2) impact of Reynolds number, and 3) ground and flight-test techniques (including relevant environment simulation, data acquisition, and data reduction practices). The Model-to-Full Scale Subcommittee of the S-16 Turbine Engine Inlet Flow Distortion Committee has examined archives and has obtained recollections of experts regarding air induction system development
S-16 Turbine Engine Inlet Flow Distortion Committee
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) lists the lamps in Table 1 that are recommended for the type of service indicated. This list is not intended as a catalog and does not include many types that are now in use. This specification is not applicable to Solid State Lighting Lamp Assemblies (Based LED lamps). It does, however, reflect current practice
A-20A Crew Station Lighting
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is intended as a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change to keep pace with experience and technical advances
AGE-3 Aircraft Ground Support Equipment Committee
This SAE Standard provides test procedures, requirements, and guidelines for stop lamps and turn signal lamps intended for use on vehicles 2032 mm or more in overall width. Stop lamps and front- and rear-turn signal lamps conforming to the requirements of this document may be used on vehicles less than 2032 mm in overall width
Heavy Duty Lighting Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice provides test procedures, requirements, and guidelines for high-mounted stop lamps and high-mounted turn signal lamps intended for use on vehicles 2032 mm or more in overall width. This document applies to trucks, motor coaches, van type trailers, and other vehicles with permanent structure greater than 2800 mm high. This document does not apply to school buses, truck tractors, pole trailers, flat-bed trailers, pick-up truck with dual wheels and trailer converter dollies. The purpose of the high-mounted stop lamp(s) and high-mounted turn signal lamp(s) is to provide a signal over intervening vehicles to the driver of following vehicles
Heavy Duty Lighting Standards Committee
The scope of this SAE Information Report is confined to wind-tunnel testing, although it is recognized that many aspects of the aerodynamic characteristics of road vehicles can be investigated in other test facilities (such as water-tanks) or, especially, on the road. For example, coastdown testing is often used to determine aerodynamic drag (either in isolation or as part of the total resistance), and artificial gust generators are used to investigate the sensitivity of vehicles to cross-wind gusts. Also excluded from the present Report are climatic wind-tunnel tests of road vehicles, which are defined in more detail in Section 3. The Report covers the aerodynamic requirements of a wind-tunnel for automotive testing, together with the facility equipment needed and the requirements affecting the test vehicle or model. The test methods and procedures described here include those for six-component force measurements and measurements of pressures and velocities both on the vehicle/model
Road Vehicle Aerodynamics Forum Committee
The SAE Recommended Practice specifies the test procedure to assure valve assemblies which are satisfactory for vehicle usage, and it is applicable to new valve assemblies for commercial production. It covers such valves where they are employed in passenger car and light truck brake systems utilizing motor vehicle hydraulic brake fluids. This procedure and requirements (SAE J1137) was developed for brake fluids conforming to SAE J1703 and FMVSS 116 (DOT 3); however, it may be utilized for valves which use DOT 4 or DOT 5 brake fluid. These procedure specifications were developed for base brake operation and do not consider the effects of ABS (anti-lock brake systems) or traction control systems which may have a significant effect on the valve. Careful analysis of the particular type ABS and/or traction control (if included in the system) should be made and additional tests are required which are not included in this document. Provisions for ABS and traction control will be incorporated
Hydraulic Brake Components Standards Committee
This document provides a description of a process for development of fly-by-wire actuation systems. Included are (1) the development of requirements for the servo-actuator hardware and the electronics hardware and software, (2) actuator and servo-electronics interface definitions and, (3) the required communications and interactions between the servo-actuator and the servo-electronics designers
A-6A3 Flight Control and Vehicle Management Systems Cmt
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) addresses many of the significant issues associated with effects of inlet total-pressure distortion on turbine-engine performance and stability. It provides a review of the development of techniques used to assess engine stability margins in the presence of inlet total-pressure distortion. Specific performance and stability issues that are covered by this document include total-pressure recovery and turbulence effects and steady and dynamic inlet total-pressure distortion
S-16 Turbine Engine Inlet Flow Distortion Committee
This procedure provides methods to determine the appropriate inertia values for all passenger cars and light trucks up to 4540 kg of GVWR. For the same vehicle application and axle (front or rear), different tests sections or brake applications may use different inertia values to reflect the duty-cycle and loading conditions indicated on the specific test
Brake Dynamometer Standards Committee
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides a comprehensive overview of primary water content measurement instrumentation, for both facility-based icing research and in-flight icing research, over the range of commonly used aircraft certification icing envelopes. It includes information on the theory of operation of the instruments, system errors and limitations, and practical considerations when using them for cloud characterization. This document does not address other icing cloud measurements of interest, such as particle sizing, or measurement of phenomena such as snow, sleet, or hail
AC-9C Aircraft Icing Technology Committee
SAE J1698-1A creates an appendix to SAE J1698-1. The appendix contains EDR Record parameters and definitions related to light duty passenger vehicle pedestrian protection systems
Event Data Recorder Committee
This document provides an overview on how and why EGR coolers are utilized, defines commonly used nomenclature, discusses design issues and trade-offs, and identifies common failure modes. The reintroduction of selectively cooled exhaust gas into the combustion chamber is just one component of the emission control strategy for internal combustion (IC) engines, both diesel and gasoline, and is useful in reducing exhaust port emission of nitrogen oxides (NOx). Other means of reducing NOx exhaust port emissions are briefly mentioned, but beyond the scope of this document
Cooling Systems Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice identifies and defines terms specifically related to truck and bus braking systems including Antilock Brake Systems (ABS) and Electronically Controlled Braking Systems (ECBS
Truck and Bus Brake Systems Committee
This glossary of tire military/industry represents the latest state-of-the-art terms and definitions for military use. This SAE Recommended Practice shall remain open for comments from the reader and shall also be reviewed and updated periodically. Many similar terms and definitions were reviewed from which the ones best applied to military use were selected. It is the purpose of this task force to provide technical definitions in present day use
Truck and Bus Tire Committee
Connected vehicles can provide data from multiple sensors that monitor both the vehicle and the environment through which the vehicle is passing. The data, when shared, can be used to enhance and optimize transportation operations and management—specifically, traffic flow and infrastructure maintenance. This document describes an interface between vehicle and infrastructure for collecting vehicle/probe data. That data may represent a single point in time or may be accumulated over defined periods of time or distance, or may be triggered based on circumstance. The purpose of this document is to define an interoperable means of collecting the vehicle/probe data in support of the use cases defined herein. There are many additional use cases that may be realized based on the interface defined in this document. Note that vehicle diagnostics are not included within the scope of this document, but diagnostics-related features may be added to probe data in a future supplemental document
Infrastructure Applications Technical Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes uniform procedures for testing battery electric vehicles (BEVs) which are capable of being operated on public and private roads. The procedure applies only to vehicles using batteries as their sole source of power. It is the intent of this document to provide standard tests which will allow for the determination of energy consumption and range for light-duty vehicles (LDVs) based on the federal emission test procedure (FTP) using the urban dynamometer driving schedule (UDDS) and the highway fuel economy driving schedule (HFEDS) and provide a flexible testing methodology that is capable of accommodating additional test cycles as needed. Additionally, this SAE Recommended Practice provides five-cycle testing guidelines for vehicles performing supplementary testing on the US06, SC03, and cold FTP procedure. Realistic alternatives should be allowed for new technology. Evaluations are based on the total vehicle system’s performance and not on
Light Duty Vehicle Performance and Economy Measure Committee
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