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This document provides background information, rationale, and data (both physical testing and computer simulations) used in defining the component test methods and similarity criteria described in SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) 6330. ARP6330 defines multiple test methods used to assess the effect of seat back mounted IFE monitor changes on blunt trauma to the head and post-impact sharp edge generation. The data generated is based on seat and IFE components installed on type A-T (transport airplane) certified aircraft. While not within the scope of ARP6330, generated test data for the possible future development of surrogate target evaluation methods is also included
Aircraft Seat Committee
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides recommendations for: The audit process in general A list of specific areas of attention to be audited Maintaining the test facility in such a manner that it meets audit requirements
EG-1E Gas Turbine Test Facilities and Equipment
This SAE Information Report defines the test methods and specifications for the electrostatic discharge sensitivity of passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks and buses
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Standards
The purpose of this SAE Standard is to establish the specific minimum equipment performance requirements for recovery and recycling of HFC-134a that has been directly removed from, and is intended for reuse in, mobile air-conditioning (A/C) systems. It also is intended to establish requirements for equipment used to recharge HFC-134a to an accuracy level that meets Section 9 of this document and SAE J2099. The requirements apply to the following types of service equipment and their specific applications. a Recovery/recycling equipment b Recovery/recycling-refrigerant charging c Refrigerant recharging equipment only
Interior Climate Control Service Committee
This SAE Standard defines methods and apparatus to evaluate electronic devices for immunity to potential interference from conducted transients along battery feed or switched ignition inputs. Test apparatus specifications outlined in this procedure were developed for components installed in vehicles with 12-V systems (passenger cars and light trucks, 12-V heavy-duty trucks, and vehicles with 24-V systems). Presently, it is not intended for use on other input/output (I/O) lines of the device under test (DUT
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Standards
This document specifies the dimensional requirements necessary for the mounting and interchangeability of a type of fuel injector used in diesel engines. Field of Application This document applies to a clamp-mounted fuel injector of an integral nozzle and nozzle holder design with a 9.5 mm (nominal) holder shank diameter and a 5.5 mm (nominal) nozzle body tip diameter and deals with the interface between the injector and the engine. The internal construction of the injector remains optional with the manufacturer
Diesel Fuel Injection Equipment Standards Committee
This SAE Standard sets forth measurement procedures and instrumentation to be used for determining a “representative” sound level during a representative time period at selected measurement locations on a construction site boundary. The document is not intended for use in determining occupational hearing damage risk. Determination of a representative time period is left to the judgment of the user
OPTC3, Lighting and Sound Committee
This document specifies dimensional, functional and visual requirements for Automotive grade coaxial cable. This material will be designated AG for general-purpose automotive applications or AG LL for low loss applications. It is the responsibility of the user of this cable to verify the suitability of the selected product (based on dimensional, mechanical, electrical and environmental requirements) for its intended application. It is the responsibility of the supplier to retain and maintain records as evidence of compliance to the requirements detailed in this standard
This SAE Standard establishes a uniform test procedure and performance requirements for off throttle steering and obstacle avoidance capabilities of personal watercraft. Personal watercrafts intended to be operated by a single operator who either stands or kneels in a tray located behind a moveable handlepole are exempted from this SAE Standard. This SAE Standard does not apply to outboard powered personal watercraft and jet powered surfboards
Personal Watercraft Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice describes a method of determining the relative flexibility of padding and/or acoustical composites
Acoustical Materials Committee
These requirements define minimum recommended levels of side stand retraction performance of a new side stand/motorcycle combination when tested according to the procedures of SAE J1578
Motorcycle Technical Steering Committee
This recommended best practice outlines a method for estimating CO2-equivalent emissions using life cycle analysis
Interior Climate Control Vehicle OEM Committee
This standard is intended to cover cigar or cigarette lighters as well as power outlets based on the form and dimensions of the cigar lighter, and accessory plugs for use in these devices. Components covered herein are designed to work in nominal 12 VDC systems. This standard is a full performance specification. It includes dimensional and operational parameters as well as performance characteristics which must be met when submitting a cigar lighter assembly, power outlet assembly, or plug for production approval. This standard constitutes an acceptance specification for these devices. This standard covers the operational, reliability, durability, acceptance, and testing requirements for a cigar lighter (also referred to as just “lighter”) for installation in the passenger compartment of production vehicles. This standard covers power outlets that are based on the form and dimensions of the lighter receptacle intended for installation in the passenger compartment of production vehicles
Circuit Protection and Switch Device Committee
There are two ways to assess the characteristics of ride vibrations of a vehicle during its operation. Subjective evaluation and objective measurement. Subjective assessments of the ride vibrations experienced by drivers during ride evaluations are generally performed by a panel of drivers and/or passengers who are instructed to operate or ride a group of vehicles in a predetermined manner in order to subjectively assess the levels and characteristics of ride vibrations. Figures 6A through 6C show examples of subjective evaluation forms presently in use. The disadvantages of the subjective method include need for careful experimental design, need for statistically unbiased samples, complexity of human perceptions of vibrations, and difficulty in comparing qualitative data of vehicles evaluated at different times and/or by different groups of people. Often ride characterization is not an easy task using only qualitative or descriptive terms. Therefore, it is necessary and desirable to
Truck and Bus Total Vehicle Steering Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice describes the test procedures for conducting dynamic frontal strength test for COE heavy truck applications. Its purpose is to establish recommended test procedures which will standardize the procedure for heavy trucks. Descriptions of the test set-up, test instrumentation, photographic/video coverage, and the test fixtures are included
Truck Crashworthiness Committee
Mercury capsules have been used in the automotive industry in various switching applications. The basic design and performance characteristics of mercury switches (or capsules) make these components particularly suited to underhood light and trunk light applications. The processes described in this SAE Standard deal with the location, removal, storage, and recycling of mercury switches and capsules associated with these underhood and trunk light applications
Circuit Protection and Switch Device Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to off-road, self-propelled work machines defined in SAE J1116 JUN81
CTTC C2, Electrical Components and Systems
This SAE Standard specifies a method for measuring the deflection of friction materials, noise insulators, and disc brake pad assemblies to be used in road vehicles with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating below 4336 kg. This part of the SAE J3079 includes the test for deflection and creep at various pressures under ambient temperature conditions. This SAE test method differs from SAE J2468 and ISO 6310 in the preload and maximum load applied to the test sample when deflection is measured. It also introduces additional measurements such as for deflection offset, hysteresis, and creep
Brake Linings Standards Committee
This document specifies minimum performance and durability requirements for satisfactory vehicle usage, and it is applicable to wheel cylinder assemblies from commercial production, after production shipment, shelf storage, and remanufacture (factory rebuild
Hydraulic Brake Components Standards Committee
Specific gravity is a nondestructive test used as a quality control check of the consistency of formulation and processing of brake lining. The specific gravity and the range of specific gravity are peculiar to each formulation and, therefore, the acceptable values or range must be established for each formulation by the manufacturer. Specific gravity alone shows nothing about a materials in use performance. The specific gravity of sintered metal powder friction materials, particularly those which have steel backing members, is usually determined somewhat differently. Reference ASTM B 376
Brake Linings Standards Committee
The purpose of this document is to provide performance requirements for hydrogen dispensing systems used for fueling 35 MPa heavy duty hydrogen transit buses and vehicles (other pressures are optional). This document establishes the boundary conditions for safe heavy duty hydrogen surface vehicle fueling, such as safety limits and performance requirements for gaseous hydrogen fuel dispensers used to fuel hydrogen transit buses. For fueling light-duty vehicles SAE J2601 should be used. SAE J2601-2 is a performance based protocol document that also provides guidance to fueling system builders, manufacturers of gaseous hydrogen powered heavy duty transit buses, and operators of the hydrogen powered vehicle fleet(s). This fueling protocol is suitable for heavy duty vehicles with a combined vehicle CHSS capacity larger than 10 kilograms aiming to support all practical capacities of transit buses. It is non-prescriptive in how to achieve a full fill or 100% state of charge (SOC) in the
Fuel Cell Standards Committee
This SAE Standard specifies the system requirements for vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) safety system for FHWA vehicle classes 1 (motorcycles and 4 through 13 (non-light-duty), including functional requirements and performance requirements. The system can transmit and receive the SAE J2735-defined Basic Safety Message (BSM) over a wireless communications interface; the communications interface itself is outside the scope of this document. This document provides the specifications necessary to build interoperable systems that support V2V safety applications for non-lightweight vehicles, as well as motorcycles which rely on the exchange of BSMs. The document covers vehicle classes not addressed in SAE J2945/1 and SAE J3161/1
V2X Core Technical Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice provides test protocols with performance requirements for camera monitor systems (CMSs) to replace existing statutorily required inside and outside rear-view mirrors for U.S. market road vehicles. This practice expands specific technical content while retaining harmonization with the FMVSS 111 rear visibility standard and other international standards. This is accomplished by defining required roadway fields of view as specific fields of view (FOV) displayed inside the vehicle. Specific testing protocols and/or specifications are added to enhance ease of use using straightforward language, and any specifications are intended to be independent of different camera and display technologies unless otherwise explicitly stated
Driver Vision Standards Committee
This SAE Standard applies to off-road rubber-tired machines having rated speed capability exceeding 20 km/h. Only the following machine categories in SAE J1116 are included in the scope of this document. a. Earthmoving b. Other than earthmoving: except rollers and compactors c. General purpose industrial d. Forestry e. Specialized mining machinery Applicable steering systems include the following means of providing power for steering: a. Manual steering b. Power-assisted steering c. Full-power steering This document does not imply that secondary steering is mandatory. However, if secondary steering is provided, performance and test requirements are included
OPTC1, Personnel Protection (General)
This test procedure is for qualification testing of powered gas/brake control systems to assure compliance with the recommended practices for these assistive devices. A powered gas/brake control system which passes all of the tests shall be considered to be in compliance with the recommended practices. The control shall pass all tests denoted by a “shall” in the recommended practice or the recommended test procedure (RTP). All the results of all tests and requirements denoted by a “should” shall be noted, but failure to comply will not constitute failure to pass the test
Adaptive Devices Standards Committee
The intent of the specification is to present a functional set of requirements which define the user and hardware interfaces while providing sufficient capability to meet the misfire patterns for compliance demonstration and engineering development. Throughout this requirement, any reference to “ignition or injector control signal” is used interchangeably to infer that the effected spark ignition engine’s ignition control signal or the compression ignition engine’s injector control signal is interrupted, timing phased, or directly passed by the misfire generator. For spark ignition engines, the misfire generator behaves as a spark-defeat device which induces misfires by inhibiting normal ignition coil discharge. It does so by monitoring the vehicle’s ignition timing signals and suspends ignition coil saturation for selected cylinder firing events. The misfire generator will thereby induce engine misfire in spark ignited gasoline internal combustion engines; including rotary engines
Vehicle E E System Diagnostic Standards Committee
This SAE Standard establishes a common specification and ordering code for hydraulic filter assemblies and hydraulic filter elements, and establishes minimum performance criteria and test methods. This document establishes two filter diameter sizes, five basic micron ratings, and two basic collapse ratings. These classifications will satisfy most hydraulic filter applications, and thereby can minimize inventory requirements for hydraulic filter elements
Motor Vehicle Council
This SAE Information Report applies to liquefied natural gas used as vehicle fuel and requires LNG producers to provide the required information on the fuel composition and its “dispense by” date
Truck and Bus Powertrain Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended as a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change to keep pace with experience and technical advances. This document establishes performance requirements, material requirements, design requirements, and design guidelines for sealed beam headlamps
Road Illumination Devices Standards Committee
This test method specifies the operating procedures for a controlled irradiance, water-cooled xenon arc apparatus used for the accelerated exposure of various automotive exterior materials. This standard is limited to the models of xenon arc test apparatus specified in the Section on Apparatus. All other models of xenon arc test apparatus must use SAE J2527 to perform the test conditions specified in SAE J1960. SAE J2527 is the performance standard based on the test parameters of SAE J1960. Use of xenon arc test apparatus to perform SAE J2527 must be agreed upon by contractual parties
Textile and Flexible Plastics Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice sets forth a method for evaluating the flow properties of automotive sealers that have been dispensed via a high pressure automatic system
Materials, Processes and Parts Council
This SAE Standard defines test methods and general requirements at all phases of development production, and field analysis of electrical terminals, connectors, and components that constitute the direct connection to the storage battery of road vehicles having 42 volt (nominal) electrical systems
Connector Systems Standards Committee
This document applies to all hydraulic excavators and backhoes that are either crawler mounted or rubber tire mounted, with or without outrigger members, identified in SAE J1116 as earthmoving machines and defined in SAE J/ISO 6165. Purpose This document is to provide a uniform method of determining digging forces for hydraulic excavators and backhoes
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This Technical Information Report defines the proprietary diagnostic communication protocol for ABS or VSA ECU (Electronic Control Unit) implemented on some Honda vehicles. This protocol does not apply to all Honda vehicles. This document should be used in conjunction with SAE J2534-2 in order to fully implement the communication protocol in an enhanced SAE J2534 interface. The purpose of this document is to specify the requirements necessary to implement the communication protocol in an enhanced SAE J2534 interface
Vehicle E E System Diagnostic Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to all commercial, self-propelled motor vehicles which transport property or passengers when
Truck Crashworthiness Committee
This information report provides an overview of a typical high voltage electric propulsion vehicle (xEV) and the associated on-board safety systems typically employed by OEM’s to protect these high voltage systems. The report aims to improve public confidence in xEV safety systems and dispel public misconceptions about the likelihood of being shocked by the high voltage system, even when the vehicle has been damaged. The report will document select high voltage systems used for xEV’s and describe safety systems employed to prevent exposure to the high voltage systems
Hybrid - EV Committee
This procedure incorporates test cycles that produce relative fuel economy data relating to long haul, short haul, and local driving patterns, or any combination of these and to those components developed to improve fuel economy for these patterns. The tests conducted on a specific vehicle are to reflect that vehicle's general mode of operation. The procedure is intended to be used under controlled, warmed-up conditions on a test tract or on suitable roads. A minimum of two vehicles running simultaneously is required. Test condition recommendations are provided for undertaking this engineering test. If it is necessary to conduct a test outside of these test conditions, the purpose of the test and the variant conditions should be recorded and noted whenever the results are reported
Truck and Bus Aerodynamics and Fuel Economy Committee
The scope of this SAE Recommended Practice is to provide a uniform practice for the testing of small engine powered alternating current generator sets. This document is limited to reciprocating piston engines of less than 14.9 kW (20 BHP
Small Engine and Powered Equipment Committee
SAE J1298 covers the recommended diagnostic port sizes for use in measuring hydraulic fluid temperature, pressure, flow, and for obtaining fluid samples. See SAE J1502 for the detailed coupling specifications
Hydraulic Tube Fittings Committee
This Information Report presents background and rationale for SAE Recommended Practice J1106, Laboratory Testing Machine and Procedures for Measuring the Steady Force and Moment Properties of Passenger Car Tires. The purpose of SAE J1106 is to define standards for equipment design and test procedures so that data from different laboratories can be directly compared. Whereas such standardization is not a requirement for testing associated with tire development, it is necessary in the context of vehicle design and tire selection problems. The basic approach employed in developing SAE J1106 was to consolidate and document existing technology as embodied in equipment and procedures currently employed for routine tire evaluations. Equipment and procedures whose current use is restricted to research applications were not considered. Research experience is discussed in this Information Report, however, to the extent deemed necessary to provide background and rationale for SAE J1106. Material
Highway Tire Committee
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to describe design criteria pertaining to the location and labeling of hand controls, including embedded displays and controls when displayed, necessary to or frequently used during the operation of passenger cars, MPVs, and trucks 10 000 GVW and under designed for left-hand drive operation. The results of SAE human factors research have strongly influenced these recommendations, specifically in the area of driver reach, control-locating performance, and control location expectancies. Deviations from this recommended practice should be made only after careful study of the various SAE publications on these subjects. This document does not include hand-held devices such as remote controls or cellular phones
Controls and Displays Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice covers distributors used on marine engines. NOTE: This includes devices referred to as high voltage switches used for distributing high voltage to the appropriate spark plugs but does not contain any crank position sensing function
Marine Technical Steering Committee
This SAE Standard provides basic information on the International System of Units, abbreviated SI in all languages, and its application in engineering practice and measurement unit usage
Publications Board
This recommended practice describes general characteristics of VIN systems. It includes certain specific requirements, supporting definitions, basic content, and examples
VIN - WMI Technical Committee
This SAE Standard covers material, dimensional, and performance requirements of steel O-ring face seal fittings for tubing and the O-ring face seal interface and nut portion of hose stem assemblies for nominal tube or hose diameters 6.35 mm (0.250 in) through 38.1 mm (1.500 in). These fittings are intended for general application and hydraulic systems on industrial equipment and commercial products, where elastomeric seals are acceptable to overcome leakage and variations in assembly procedures. These fittings are capable of providing leak-proof full flow connections in hydraulic systems operating from 95 kPa (28 in Hg) vacuum to working pressures shown in Table 1. Since many factors influence the pressure at which a hydraulic system will or will not perform satisfactorily, these values should not be construed as guaranteed minimums. For any application, it is recommended that sufficient testing be conducted and reviewed by both the user and manufacturer to assure that required
Hydraulic Tube Fittings Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice defines the test conditions, procedures, and minimum design requirements for nominal 6, 12, and 24 V turn signal, hazard warning, warning lamp alternating, and combination flashers
Circuit Protection and Switch Device Committee
This SAE Standard covers reinforced rubber, reinforced thermoplastic, or otherwise constructed hose, or hose assemblies, intended for conducting liquid and gaseous refrigerants for service connections from mobile air conditioning systems to service equipment such as a manifold gauge set and vacuum pumps or for use internally, in charging stations or service equipment intended for use in servicing mobile air-conditioning systems
Interior Climate Control Service Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to cranes used in lifting-crane service which are equipped with radius-of-load or boom angle indicating devices
Cranes and Lifting Devices Committee
The system emissions chart contained herein is intended to serve as a means of estimating the annual refrigerant emission rate (grams per year) from new production A/C systems equipped with specified component technologies. It provides emission values for various component technologies that are currently available and can be expanded as new technologies are commercialized. This document provides the information to develop an Excel file template system emissions chart for system emission analysis. The chart includes automotive compressor technologies for conventional mobile air conditioning systems, as well as those using semi-hermetic compressors. Fully hermetic compressors contain the working electric compressor within a welded housing that allows little if any typical emissions and the emission value for this type of compressor is added as low, fixed value. This standard can be considered a companion document to SAE J2763. SAE J2727 estimates system emissions, taking into account
Interior Climate Control Vehicle OEM Committee
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