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Planning for the addition of new technologies at national border crossings

Castle Rock Consultants-Christopher J. Hill, Michael Harris
  • Technical Paper
  • 1996-16-0094
Published 1996-04-15 by Intelligent Transportation Systems in United States
The Volpe Center is assisting the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) in preparing a strategic plan for improving the flow of traffic at border crossings. Castle Rock Consultants, under contract to Battelle, is assisting the Volpe Center in evaluating technologies which may be applicable to the border crossing environment.There are several categories of technology that have potential to reduce commercial traffic congestion at the borders. Automatic vehicle identification (AVI) has the potential to be the best technology candidate to help automate data flow for the many information transactions required at the national border crossings. Information on registrations, tax data, vehicle size and weight, vehicle inspection, driver licensing, cargo identification, and permits are but a few data items required for each driver and vehicle. Additional information from the U.S. Department of Transportation perspective on both vehicle and driver safety is also of concern. Automatic toll collection would also help speed up the time required to process a vehicle and driver through the border area.Through a number of iterations, a border crossing integrated system operational concepts description and…

Exploring the potential benefits of a Mayday system: phase one results

Castle Rock Consultants-Dean Deeter
Colorado Department of Transportation-Neil Lacley
  • Technical Paper
  • 1996-16-0006
Published 1996-04-15 by Intelligent Transportation Systems in United States
Run-off-the-road accidents (single vehicle roadway departures - SVRDs) are the most common cause of highway fatalities. According to the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA), 6.11 million SVRD accidents were reported during 1991 alone. Rapid response to run-off-the-road and other accidents can help reduce the number of resulting deaths. The Mayday Operational Test is one of the federally-sponsored Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) projects currently being conducted in the United States which addresses the emergency notification and personal security ITS user service area.The Mayday project has developed the necessary infrastructure to support an emergency notification system throughout the 12,000 square mile test area of central Colorado. Vehicles can be equipped with a low-cost device which, in the event of an emergency, can transmit essential information in a timely manner to an emergency dispatch center enabling effective response. By reporting locations accurately and immediately, the Mayday Operational Test equipment is already demonstrating its potential. Soon 2000 vehicles will be deployed by Mayday, providing drivers with a lifeline to the Colorado State Patrol (CSP).Colorado Mayday is one of…

Evaluation of the ADVANCE traffic information center

Castle Rock Consultants-Clare Porter
De Leuw, Cather & Co.-Thomas Nicarico, Cary Solberg, Syd Bowcott
  • Technical Paper
  • 1996-16-0018
Published 1996-04-15 by Intelligent Transportation Systems in United States
The ADVANCE (Advanced Driver and Vehicle Advisory Navigation Concept) project is an ATIS demonstration project located in eastern Illinois. The in-vehicle navigation testing portion of the project has now been completed. Over a seven month period, up to 75 vehicles were utilized in a 300 square mile area. The in-vehicle portion of the project, from design through test evaluation, had a budgeted cost of over 25 million dollars. The vehicles utilized differential GPS navigation as well as dead reckoning and map matching to navigate their way through the study area. The vehicles themselves acted as probes, sending real-time travel information to a Traffic Information Center (TIC) that in turn transmitted the information to other vehicles as an aid in dynamic route planning. The project was a joint effort of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT), the Illinois Universities Transportation Research Consortium (composed of the University of Illinois at Chicago and Northwestern University), Motorola and the American Automobile Association. De Leuw, Cather & Company was responsible for system engineering, system integration,…

A Mayday system for rural highway travel

Castle Rock Consultants-Jeremy Siviter
Colorado Department of Transportation-John Kiljan
  • Technical Paper
  • 1995-16-0079
Published 1995-03-15 by Intelligent Transportation Systems in United States
The intelligent transportation system (ITS) is envisioned as linking existing and emerging technologies of computers, wireless radio communications systems, and various sophisticated sensors to be used in cars and highways to create an integrated system that has the potential to change the way millions of Americans interact with the nation's highway system and traveler support structure. The Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems Act, passed by Congress in November 1991, directs the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) to research, develop, and test ""smart car and highway"" technology.Real systems, products, and services are now deployed throughout the United States. Some first-generation systems are already on the market or in the final stages of development and test. More than 20 operational tests are currently underway or planned as federal/state/private cooperative ventures to evaluate more advanced ITS technologies and infrastructures.A large-scale-operational test of an ITS Mayday emergency dispatch system has been launched in Colorado under sponsorship of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). The project team is headed by the Enterprise Group, whose members include: the FHWA; the state Departments of Transportation…

The development of standards for traffic-travel information exchange

Castle Rock Consultants-Peter Davies, Jonathan Booth
ERTICO-Giuliano Trenta
  • Technical Paper
  • 1995-16-0032
Published 1995-03-15 by Intelligent Transportation Systems in United States
With continued growth in travel set against the limited potential for expansion of the travel network and increased environmental impact, the demand for more efficient usage of the existing infrastructure is increasing. One of the most significant areas of research and development is the application of new and advanced technologies to aid improved efficiency and cost- effectiveness. This is know, respectively, as advanced road transport telematics (ATT) in Europe, and intelligent transportation systems (ITS) in the United States.In Europe, much of the work currently being undertaken is within the Commission of the European Communities (CEC)-funded ATT Program, which is more commonly known as DRIVE II. This program contains some 56 projects addressing ATT solutions in a number of key traffic areas. They can be broadly divided into the following themes: 1. Demand management; 2. Traffic and travel information systems; 3. Integrated urban traffic management systems; 4. Integrated interurban traffic management systems; 5. Driver assistance and cooperative driving; 6. Freight and fleet management; and 7. Public transport (transit) management.This paper addresses key developments within the second…

Promise: a pan-European traveler information system

Castle Rock Consultants-Andrew J. Tate
AB Volvo-Jan Hellaker, Per Adamsson
  • Technical Paper
  • 1995-16-0036
Published 1995-03-15 by Intelligent Transportation Systems in United States
The PROMISE project has developed and evaluated a pan-European, multimodal, traveler information system. It incorporates an open architecture and makes use of portable information terminals and existing information sources. A functional model comprising a site-specific element and a core module enhances the openness and extendibility of the PROMISE concept. Within the core module, protocols have been developed that bind components of the model together and abstract away the idiosyncracies and special interfaces of real information systems.Both multibearer and multifunction traveler information protocols have been tested at field trials in Gothenburg, Sweden, and Birmingham, UK. On the bearer side, PROMISE has tested protocols over radio data system (RDS) paging, and digital cellular radio. Functionally, the system has investigated traffic-event information, as well as extension covering public transport events, public transport status, and parking messages.Portable terminals, developed using a minimum of modifications to existing hardware, provided evaluation subjects access to public transport, traffic, weather, and parking information services. Services available on these portable terminals are classified according to the type of communications bearer that is used. Simple…

Verification and validation of the ADVANCE mobile navigation assistant

Castle Rock Consultants-Charles Dankocsik
Illinois Dept. of Transportation-Joseph F. Ligas
  • Technical Paper
  • 1994-16-0059
Published 1994-04-17 by Intelligent Transportation Systems in United States
ADVANCE is the largest IVHS field operational test in the world. The ADVANCE program focuses on the development and evaluation of various dynamic route guidance system (DRGS) concepts in the northwest suburbs of Chicago, Illinois, ADVANCE is fast becoming reality through the efforts of its founding parties~the Illinois Dept. of Transportation (IDOT), the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Motorola, Inc., and the Illinois Universities Transportation Research Consortium (IUTRC).The ADVANCE architecture is composed of four main subsystems, dealing with traffic data collection, traffic data processing functions, communications, and presentation of information to the driver. This last subsystem is based on the use of the ADVANCE Mobile Navigation Assistant (MNA). The MNA unit performs the in-vehicle processing and presents the driver with an interface to ADVANCE functions. It represents a distributed intelligence approach toward trip route planning and vehicle route guidance.This paper describes the initial Verification and Validation (V and V) Plan developed for assessment of the ADVANCE program. The purpose of the V and V Plan is to provide overall evaluation guidelines for use throughout each phase…

Environmental traffic control

Castle Rock Consultants-Fraser Sommerville, Adam Bostock
  • Technical Paper
  • 1994-16-0022
Published 1994-04-17 by Intelligent Transportation Systems in United States
This paper describes the APOLLON pilot project in Athens which is evaluating air pollution limiting traffic control strategies, implemented in advance of pollution episodes. APOLLON is being carried out as part of the QUARTET project which involves four European cities; Athens, Birmingham, Stuttgart and Turin. It is part of POLIS, a European initiative to expand IVHS awareness, to facilitate the exchange of ideas and to develop common future plans. QUARTET is co-financed by the Commission of the European Communities (CEC) under DRIVE II's Advanced Transport Telematics program. Its objective is to design and implement an integrated system combining conventional engineering approaches with state-of-the-art IVHS applications.This paper outlines the essential modules of the APOLLON system. These comprise environmental monitoring (for on-line verification of pollution levels), continuous monitoring of traffic flows, short-term meteorological forecasts, air quality models to estimate expected traffic pollution levels (carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides), an off-line tool to determine the effects of alternative control strategies, and IVHS technology to implement the control strategies.Two types of environmentally-sensitive traffic control strategy are being demonstrated…

Value-Added Information Services: The GEMINI Approach

Castle Rock Consultants-F. Sommerville, L. McGrath
Mizar Automazione SPA-A. Bolelli
  • Technical Paper
  • 1993-25-0137
Published 1993-09-01 by ISATA - Dusseldorf Trade Fair in United Kingdom
To address the increasingly common problems of traffic congestion, a range of advanced traveler information services is currently being researched in Europe. GEMINI is a DRIVE II implementation project that aims to develop an integrated system by twinning the Radio Data System Traffic Message Channel (RDS-TMC) broadcast service with roadside variable message signs (VMS). This paper describes progress on the GEMINI project and its planned trials in Italy and the United Kingdom.One of the basic GEMINI aims is to develop a RDS-TMC service which provides compatible information with roadside VMS. To ensure that conflicting information is not presented to the driver, VMS typically have a predefined set of legend options. These may include an event and, in some instances, a diversion message. A key GEMINI result will be the correspondence tables, introduced in this paper, which link the two information systems.Two European test sites have been selected to demonstrate and evaluate the GEMINI concept. The Brescia-Trieste interurban corridor in northeastern Italy forms one of the test sites. The motorway 'box' surrounding Birmingham in the UK…

Pan-European Travel Information Exchange: The Interchange Project

Castle Rock Consultants-P. Davies
Automobile Association-D. Marsh
  • Technical Paper
  • 1993-25-0138
Published 1993-09-01 by ISATA - Dusseldorf Trade Fair in United Kingdom
INTERCHANGE is a DRIVE II project which aims to establish a pilot network for the exchange of traffic and travel information between European countries, based on commonly agreed specifications and standards. The first priority for the INTERCHANGE pilot network is to exchange traffic event information between participating national traffic information centers. Other types of information may be added later, when further countries are added to the system.Traffic and travel information services have already proved their value to citizens of many countries within Europe. Traffic information exchange is also regarded as essential for the efficient and the safe management of transport systems by the appropriate authorities. With continuing growth in travel between member states, due to increased business contacts, commerce, and social cohesion (associated in part with the completion of the Single European Market), the need for international travel information exchange continues to expand.Achievement of an efficient and cost-effective European Traveler Information Network requires internationally accepted standards for information definition, selection, coding and transmission. INTERCHANGE seeks to establish a permanent information exchange network and evaluate its…