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Early Acquisition and Preservation of Information in a Motor Vehicle Crash

Data Collection and Archiving Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1674_201807
  • Current
Published 2018-07-12 by SAE International in United States
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to offer simplified and prioritized guidelines for collecting and preserving on-scene data related to motor vehicle crashes. It is intended that these guidelines improve the effectiveness of data collection, which will assist subsequent analysis and reconstruction of a particular crash. This document is intended to guide early data collectors whose objectives include documenting information related to the crash. It may be used by law enforcement personnel, safety officials, insurance adjusters and other interested parties. This document identifies categories of scene physical features that deteriorate relatively quickly and recommends documentation task priorities. Detailed methods of collecting data are not part of this document. However, some widely used methods are described in the references in Section 2.
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Truck Deformation Classification

Data Collection and Archiving Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1301_201702
  • Current
Published 2017-02-23 by SAE International in United States
The scope and purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to provide a classification system for deformation sustained by trucks involved in collisions on the highway. Application of the document is limited to medium trucks, heavy trucks, and articulated combinations.1 The TDC classifies collision contact deformation, as opposed to induced deformation, so that the deformation is segregated into rather narrow limits or categories. Studies of collision deformation can then be performed on one or many data banks with assurance that data under study are of essentially the same type.2 Many of the features of the SAE J224 MAR80 have been retained in this document, although the characters within specific columns vary. Each document must therefore be applied to the appropriate vehicle type. It is also important to note that the Truck Deformation Classification (TDC) does not identify specific vehicle configurations and body types. The TDC is an expression, useful to persons engaged in vehicle safety, to appropriately describe a collision-damaged truck with conciseness in oral and written communications. The TDC is also a research tool;…
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Collision Deformation Classification

Data Collection and Archiving Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J224_201702
  • Current
Published 2017-02-23 by SAE International in United States
The purpose and scope of this SAE Recommended Practice is to provide a basis for classification of the extent of vehicle deformation caused by vehicle accidents on the highway. It is necessary to classify collision contact deformation (as opposed to induced deformation) so that the accident deformation may be segregated into rather narrow limits. Studies of collision deformation can then be performed on one or many data banks with assurance that the data under study are of essentially the same type.1 The seven-character code is also an expression useful to persons engaged in automobile safety, to describe appropriately a field-damaged vehicle with conciseness in their oral and written communications. Although this classification system was established primarily for use by professional teams investigating accidents in depth, other groups may also find it useful. The classification system consists of seven characters, three numeric, and four alphameric, arranged in a specific order. The characters describe the deformation detail concerning the direction, location, size of the area, and extent which, combined together, form a descriptive composite of the vehicle…
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Use of the Critical Speed Formula

Data Collection and Archiving Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2969_201701
  • Current
Published 2017-01-10 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Recommended Practice provides guidelines for procedures and practices used to obtain and record measurements and to analyze the results of the critical speed method. It is for use at accident sites using manual or electronic measurements. The method allows for many unique factors and the recommended procedure will permit a consistent use of the method in order to reduce errors and uncertainty in the results. The results from the critical speed formula should always, when possible, be compared to other accident reconstruction methodologies. When different accident reconstruction methods are used, the uncertainty of each method should be analyzed and presented.
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Collision Deformation Classification

Data Collection and Archiving Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J224_201105
  • Historical
Published 2011-05-18 by SAE International in United States
The purpose and scope of this SAE Recommended Practice is to provide a basis for classification of the extent of vehicle deformation caused by vehicle accidents on the highway. It is necessary to classify collision contact deformation (as opposed to induced deformation) so that the accident deformation may be segregated into rather narrow limits. Studies of collision deformation can then be performed on one or many data banks with assurance that the data under study are of essentially the same type.1 The seven-character code is also an expression useful to persons engaged in automobile safety, to describe appropriately a field-damaged vehicle with conciseness in their oral and written communications. Although this classification system was established primarily for use by professional teams investigating accidents in depth, other groups may also find it useful. The classification system consists of seven characters, three numeric, and four alphameric, arranged in a specific order. The characters describe the deformation detail concerning the direction, location, size of the area, and extent which, combined together, form a descriptive composite of the vehicle…
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Ethics for Accident Investigation and Reconstruction

Data Collection and Archiving Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2314_201102
  • Current
Published 2011-02-18 by SAE International in United States
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to promote the highest professional and personal conduct of practitioners in the fields of accident investigation and reconstruction. It encourages the continuous application of high ethical principles to one’s own endeavors. It also encourages the application of these same principles to others associated with accident investigation and reconstruction.
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Measurement of Vehicle-Roadway Frictional Drag

Data Collection and Archiving Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2505_201008
  • Current
Published 2010-08-05 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Recommended Practice provides guidelines for procedures and practices used to obtain and record measurements and to analyze and present results of frictional drag tests of a vehicle with its brakes fully applied at a given roadway location. It is for use at accident sites and test sites and is applicable to straight-line stopping of vehicles such as passenger cars, light trucks and vans under fully braked conditions including locked-wheel skids for vehicles with a conventional braking system and for vehicles with full or partial antilock braking systems (ABS). The average deceleration resulting from a given series of tests is intended to be representative of a frictional drag factor for the conditions under which the test was conducted such as the type of vehicle, type and condition of tires, roadway material and roadway surface conditions. The frictional drag factor is intended to conform to use with the stopping distance formula (Fricke, 1990) as stated in Equation 1. Two methods are included: Stopping Distance Method (measurement of the distance required to bring a vehicle to…
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Early Acquisition and Preservation of Information in a Motor Vehicle Crash

Data Collection and Archiving Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1674_200908
  • Historical
Published 2009-08-06 by SAE International in United States
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to offer simplified and prioritized guidelines for collecting and preserving on-scene data related to motor vehicle crashes. It is intended that these guidelines improve the effectiveness of data collection, which will assist subsequent analysis and reconstruction of a particular crash. This document is intended to guide early data collectors whose objectives include documenting information related to the crash. It may be used by law enforcement personnel, safety officials, insurance adjusters and other interested parties. This document identifies categories of scene physical features that deteriorate relatively quickly and recommends documentation task priorities. Detailed methods of collecting data are not part of this document. However, some widely used methods are described in the references in Section 2.
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Truck Deformation Classification

Data Collection and Archiving Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1301_200906
  • Historical
Published 2009-06-02 by SAE International in United States
The scope and purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to provide a classification system for deformation sustained by trucks involved in collisions on the highway. Application of the document is limited to medium trucks, heavy trucks, and articulated combinations.1 The TDC classifies collision contact deformation, as opposed to induced deformation, so that the deformation is segregated into rather narrow limits or categories. Studies of collision deformation can then be performed on one or many data banks with assurance that data under study are of essentially the same type.2 Many of the features of the SAE J224 MAR80 have been retained in this document, although the characters within specific columns vary. Each document must therefore be applied to the appropriate vehicle type. It is also important to note that the Truck Deformation Classification (TDC) does not identify specific vehicle configurations and body types. The TDC is an expression, useful to persons engaged in vehicle safety, to appropriately describe a collision-damaged truck with conciseness in oral and written communications. The TDC is also a research tool;…
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