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Guidance on Mitigation Strategies Against Laser Illumination Effects

G10-OL Operational Laser Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP6378
  • Current
Published 2018-06-02 by SAE International in United States
This document is intended to give guidance to users, regulators and persons in the aviation field who may be affected by the potential visual interference effects of lasers aimed at aircraft by the general public. The potential effects include startle (distraction, disruption, disorientation, and operational incapacitation), glare, and flashblindness. This document provides mitigation strategies against such effects, including operational procedures, pilot education, and the use of Laser Glare Protection. Prevention of harm from laser eye injuries is discussed but is not a focus of this document, due to the extremely low likelihood of injurious levels of laser light in typical aircraft illumination scenarios. Devices for detecting and reporting hazardous laser illuminations are briefly described in Appendix D, but are not a focus of this document. Some information in this document may also be useful for non-aviation users, such as persons driving vehicles. Additional information can be found in ANSI Z136.6, “Safe Use of Lasers Outdoors”.
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Human Factor Considerations for Outdoor Laser Operations in the Navigable Airspace

G10-OL Operational Laser Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AS4970
  • Current
Published 2011-12-08 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) provides a method for protecting the navigable airspace around airports from unwanted laser illuminations and a procedure for proponents to seek approval from regulatory agencies for operations of various classes of laser devices and their applications within this volume of airspace. This document also provides a system of data disclosure deemed necessary for a regulatory agency to determine the potential safety effect of proposed outdoor laser activities upon flight operations within the defined airspace.
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Evaluation of Human Factor Considerations for Outdoor Laser Operations in the Navigable Airspace

G10-OL Operational Laser Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AIR5995
  • Current
Published 2011-12-08 by SAE International in United States
This report identifies the reasons for, and results associated with, the conduct of a flight simulation research project evaluating the effect of low powered laser beam illumination of pilot crewmembers operating in the navigable airspace. This evaluation was primarily concerned with the possible degradation of pilot performance when illuminated by a laser while operating in an airport terminal area where pilot workloads are normally at their maximum.
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Unauthorized Laser Illuminations: Pilot Operational Procedures

G10-OL Operational Laser Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP5598
  • Current
Published 2009-11-09 by SAE International in United States
This document addresses the operational safety and human factors aspects of unauthorized laser illumination events in navigable airspace. The topics addressed include operational procedures, training, and protocols that flight crew members should follow in the event of a laser exposure. Of particular emphasis, this document outlines coping strategies for use during critical phases of flight. Although lasers are capable of causing retinal damage, most laser cockpit illuminations, to date, has been relatively low in irradiance causing primarily startle reactions, visual glare, flashblindness and afterimages. Permanent eye injuries from unauthorized laser exposures have been extremely rare. This document describes pilot operational procedures in response to the visual disruptions associated with low to moderate laser exposures that pilots are most likely to encounter during flight operations. With education and training, pilots can take actions that safeguard both their vision and the safety of their passengers.
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