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The Road to the Top is Not on the Map: Conversations with Top Women of the Automotive Industry

Terry Barclay
Center For Automotive Research-Carla Bailo
  • Book
  • R-491
To be published on 2019-10-01 by SAE International in United States

Carla Bailo, CEO of the Center for Automotive Research, and Terry Barclay, CEO of Inforum, bring together over 30 of the most influential women in the automotive industry to share their insight and advice. From suppliers to OEMs, they hail from every corner of the industry.

 

The thermodynamic balance of a next-generation hybrid solar thermal airship

Henry Coanda Labs LLC-Michele Trancossi
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1868
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
This paper focuses on the thermodynamic design of a hot air airship with a hybrid heating system which is based on a coupled system by solar and electric heating. It has been specifically designed for vigilance and reconnaissance operations and emergency. The system has been developed starting from earlier solar balloons experience which has been conducted in both Europe and the USA and has the objective of the minimum deployment time. A complete energy balance is produced by considering an electric propulsion system which benefits of the residual heat produced by fuel cells. Values have been verified for a tangency of 500 m with the maximum payload of 200 kg. Different combinations of tangency and payload have been considered. .
 

Service-based modelling approach to ease the certification of multi-core COTS processors

ONERA-Frédéric Boniol, Youcef Bouchebaba, Julien Brunel, Kevin Delmas, Claire Pagetti, Thomas Polacsek, Nathanaël Sensfelder
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1851
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
PHYLOG is a four years DGAC (French Civil Aviation) project (2016-2020) that aims at offering a model-based and software-aided certification framework for aeronautics systems based on multi/many-core architectures. Among the objectives of the position paper MCP-CRI/CAST 32A, two types of analysis are required: interference analysis. and safety analysis. Because of the large size of the multi-core platforms and their complexity, those analyses can lead to combinatorial explosion and some misinterpretation. To simplify those analyses, we explore and classify multi-core platform properties in order to represent a platform as a set of services
 

Design Approach for Secure Networks to introduce Data Analytics within the Aircraft Cabin

Hamburg University of Technology-Hartmut Hintze, Fabian Giertzsch, Ralf God
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1853
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
In the past, aircraft network design did not demand for information security considerations. The aircraft systems were simple, obscure, proprietary and, most importantly for security, the systems have been either physically isolated or they have been connected by directed communication links. The union of the aircraft systems thus formed a federated network. These properties are in sharp contrast with today’s system designs, which rest upon platform-based solutions with shared resources being interconnected by a massively meshed and shared communication network. The resulting connectivity and the high number of interfaces require an in-depth security analysis as the systems also provide functions that are required for the safe operation of the aircraft. This network design evolution, however, resulted in an iterative and continuous adaption of existing network solutions as these have not been developed from scratch. Now, with the upcoming trend of data analytics and artificial intelligence applications, which demand for an extensive availability of data, holistic aircraft cabin networks are necessary to satisfy the associated requirements. For the development of such networks this paper proposes a…
 

Optimisation of assembly processes for Adhesive bonded Brackets onto the airframe structure

Airbus-Marco Chacin PhD, Ana De-Lozoya Nombela, Mark Burrows
Cranfield University-Jose Angel Gonzalez-Domingo, Philip Webb
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1855
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
Aircraft manufacturers use adhesive bonded brackets (ABB) to support wire harnesses, looms and sensors. Using ABBs eliminates the necessity to drill holes in the airframe and significantly reduces the assembly time. Such brackets are installed manually on the airframes in numerous locations using high strength epoxy based adhesives. In addition, the application of adhesive onto bracket is carried out manually. Thus it's time consuming and quality relies on operator’s skill sets to apply a certain quantity of adhesive using a predefined pattern, both of which are commonly not controlled. On the other hand, removing the damaged brackets by manual operations tend to cause dents and scratches in metallic airframes and delamination in composites. Prior research indicates that the brackets can be removed by heating them. But, they are not recommendable to aerospace manufacturers due to the longer process times. Therefore, it is vital to find a solution or methods to remove the ABBs without damaging any airframes. The scope of this research encompasses all the areas of design, technology and product development enabling a multi-disciplinary…
 

Low cost, fireproof, and light aircraft interior

Sardou Societe Anonyme-Max Sardou
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1857
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
Low cost, fireproof, and light aircraft interior Fire is a dramatic issue in aircraft nowadays, especially with composite air crafts. An additional issue is the dangerous use of flammable Li-Ion batteries in a lot of appliances. we propose in order to avoid dramas to produce aircraft interiors, fire doors, cargo bay walls, as well than cargo container able to contain a fire inside them, with our ceramic composite called TOUGHCERAM ®. We have developed a low-cost, ceramic, damage tolerant, this ceramic is flexible between minus 100°C and plus 350°C. TOUGHCERAM ® poly-crystalize between 60°C and 110°C and can be reinforced with fibbers like carbon or basalt one. TOUGHCERAM ® survive 90 minutes to a propane 1900°C torches. TOUGHCERAM ® does not burn, nor smoke. In this paper we will explain how it is possible to develop a fully mineral ceramic offering such unique mechanical and fire properties.
 

ORBITAL DRILLING OPTIMIZATION IN HIGH SPEED MACHINING AND FATIGUE LIFE ENHANCEMENT BY ORBITAL ROLLER BURNISHING: APPLICATION TO AN ALUMINUM ALLOY

Universite Paul Sabatier Ups-LANDRY ARNAUD KAMGAING SOUOP
Université Paul Sabatier Ups-Yann LANDON, Johanna SENATORE PhD
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1861
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
Orbital drilling has proved to be advantageous to achieve aeronautical-level quality drilling (surface roughness, geometry control…) fully adapted for complex assemblies in a single operation. However, compared to conventional drilling method, this process leads to a drastic change in structure's fatigue life probably due to a non-optimised level of residual stress. The control of the mechanical behaviour of parts obtained by orbital drilling is the goal of the European-CleanSky collaborative R&D project RODEO (Robotized Orbital Drilling Equipment and Optimized Residual Stresses, GA no.738219). In this work, an orbital drilling unit (ORBIBOT) allowing high-speed-machining conditions was developed by PRECISE France, that can be integrated on a lightweight industrial robot. Cutting parameters were determined through an original Tool-Material Couple optimization strategy dedicated to orbital drilling, developed with MITIS Engineering and carried out on aluminium alloy 2024-T351. In order to enhance the mechanical behaviour of the system (fatigue, surface hardening…), an innovative mechanical surface treatment has been introduced for investigations: orbital roller burnishing, performed right after orbital drilling. The burnisher follows a helical path around the hole axis.…
 

Local Weakening of Honeycomb Core for Improved Surface Quality and Bonding in Co-cured Sandwich Panels

Hamburg University of Technology-Henrik Eschen, Thorsten Schüppstuhl
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1859
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
Sandwich panels made of NOMEX honeycomb core and fiber reinforced face sheets are a major component of aircraft interior parts. A common way to locally increase the strength of such panels, e.g. for load introduction, is the local thickening of the face sheets with additional prepreg layers. Curing of such strengthened panels without further processing of the core leads to higher flatness tolerances due to the added thickness as well as residual stresses. Machining of the core in the strengthened areas is possible, but expensive due to high machine costs and additional cleaning processes. In this paper a new automated process for the reduction of the residual stresses in strengthened areas is presented. The process is based on a local reduction of the compressive strength in the surface area of the honeycomb core, which allows for a plastic deformation in thickened areas at curing pressure. For the reduction of compressive strength, a concept based on a robot guided tool with multiple parallel blades is presented. A model based analysis of the process parameters shows that…
 

Advanced Exergy Analysis of an Air Craft Gas Turbine Engine at Different Power Loading Operations.

Alok Kumar Mohapatra
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1863
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
The innovations in aircraft propulsion have been identified as the key parameter towards the progress in transportation. Continuous advancement in the performance and efficiency of propulsion has enabled aircraft to travel over larger distances with higher speed. Aviation is also responsible for approximately 2% of total greenhouse gases emission and is expected to grow around 3% by 2050. The present study aims to use the exergetic analysis of a turboprop engine which should be helpful in designing of such engines and also helps these engine users to regulate and select the operation modes. A gas turbine with film air cooling of turbine blades has been proposed to be the turboprop engine. The engine is analyzed on exergy point of view at different power loading operation modes and the performance is studied. Selected exergetic measures under consideration are Exergy Efficiency, Fuel Exergy Depletion Ratio, Relative Exergy Consumption Ratio, Exergetic Improvement potential and Productivity Lack ratio. The total fuel exergy depletion ratio of the turboprop engine is estimated to be around 44%. . Also, among the identified…
 

System Effects Test Example for Atmospheric Radiation Environment

Honeywell-Laura Dominik
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1865
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
Galactic cosmic rays and solar rays produce particle cascades in the atmosphere, where resulting particles (mainly high energy neutrons) can interact with components to cause Single Event Effects (SEE). The effects from atmospheric radiation can cause various fault conditions, including corrupted data, processor halts and interrupts, operational errors, and component latch ups requiring a power cycle. As technology trends continue to achieve higher densities and lower voltages, semiconductor devices are becoming more susceptible to atmospheric radiation effects. Testing to measure the susceptibility of a component or equipment to atmospheric radiation environments requires the utilization of highly advanced laboratory facilities. Testing can be performed at the component level to measure the device-level susceptibility, or the test can be performed to measure impacts at the equipment level. This paper provides an example of a test intended to measure equipment level effects while irradiating a single component. The purpose of the experiment was to validate the mitigations and protections designed into the equipment.