Experimental Investigation of Low Cost, Low Thermal Conductivity Thermal Barrier Coating on HCCI Combustion, Efficiency, and Emissions



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Authors Abstract
In-cylinder surface temperature is of heightened importance for Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) combustion since the combustion mechanism is thermo-kinetically driven. Thermal Barrier Coatings (TBCs) selectively manipulate the in-cylinder surface temperature, providing an avenue for improving thermal and combustion efficiency. A surface temperature swing during combustion/expansion reduces heat transfer losses, leading to more complete combustion and reduced emissions. At the same time, achieving a highly dynamic response sidesteps preheating of charge during intake and eliminates the volumetric efficiency penalty. The magnitude and temporal profile of the dynamic surface temperature swing is affected by the TBC material properties, thickness, morphology, engine speed, and heat flux from the combustion process. This study follows prior work of authors with Yttria Stabilized Zirconia, which systematically engineered coatings for HCCI combustion. Herein, a modeling study was used to assess the impacts of various TBC material properties, e.g. density, thickness, and thermal conductivity on the temperature swing effect. Reducing conductivity emerged as a most promising avenue, rather than reducing both the density and effective conductivity by increasing porosity, the current work emphasizes a material with natively low conductivity. A novel TBC formulation was developed, leverages a class of materials that, to the author’s best knowledge, have not been used as a thermal barrier coating previously. A systematic experimental investigation was carried out using single-cylinder research engine. Experimental engine studies utilizing the novel ‘glassy’ low-K coating exhibit advanced ignition phasing and reduced combustion duration relative to the baseline engine. Heat transfer measurements indicate a net reduction in heat flux over the entire cycle, although main effect is felt during expansion, and the reduced heat transfer losses manifest in higher gross indicated thermal efficiency by approximately 5-6% on a relative basis.
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Moser, S., O'Donnell, R., Hoffman, M., Jordan, E. et al., "Experimental Investigation of Low Cost, Low Thermal Conductivity Thermal Barrier Coating on HCCI Combustion, Efficiency, and Emissions," SAE Technical Paper 2020-01-1140, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/2020-01-1140.
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Apr 14, 2020
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Technical Paper