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Standard for Fuel Systems in Fuel Cell and Other Hydrogen Vehicles
- Ground Vehicle Standard
Published March 28, 2013 by SAE International in United States
Downloadable datasets availableAnnotation ability available
The purpose of this document is to define design, construction, operational, and maintenance requirements for hydrogen fuel storage and handling systems in on-road vehicles.
Performance-based requirements for verification of design prototype and production hydrogen storage and handling systems are also defined in this document. Complementary test protocols (for use in type approval or self-certification) to qualify designs (and/or production) as meeting the specified performance requirements are described.
Crashworthiness of hydrogen storage and handling systems is beyond the scope of this document. SAE J2578 includes requirements relating to crashworthiness and vehicle integration for fuel cell vehicles. It defines recommended practices related to the integration of hydrogen storage and handling systems, fuel cell system, and electrical systems into the overall Fuel Cell Vehicle.
NOTE: Ultimate design qualification for crash impact resistance is achieved by demonstrated compliance of the vehicle with applicable regulations.
Section 5.2 and the referenced appendices (B, C, F, G, and H) were extensively revised to streamline and clarify requirements for the verification of Compressed Hydrogen Storage Systems (CHSSs). Detailed rationale for these revisions is provided in Appendix D. As part of these revisions, the fire test method for CHSSs was expanded to evaluate potential localized exposures during vehicle fires. Additionally, since the SAE FCV strives to develop performance-based requirements and eliminate the design prescription, new test methods have been developed for material compatibility in hydrogen service and stress rupture resistance and included in Appendices B and H, respectively, for guidance so that they can serve as a resource for design and development of vehicular hydrogen systems as well as basis for verification of the new methodologies.
The following other sections were also modified:
Section 3.18 was re-worded to harmonize with the CSA definition in HPRD1.
Section 4.4.1 was modified to add consideration of regulatory requirements to labeling.
Section 22.214.171.124 has added requirements including the “pressure class” (H35, H70, etc.) labels.
Section 126.96.36.199 was deleted because a service limitation label is not a general requirement.
Section 4.4.5 was modified to correct a reference.
Finally, the following changes were made throughout the document:
The term “containment vessel” has replaced other terms such as “tanks” for consistency of nomenclature.
The use of “should” was replaced by “shall” in requirements judged to be mandatory and/or safety-critical. Such changes are consistent with the maturity of the document and the promotion of this document to a SAE Standard.
|Journal Article||Development of New TOYOTA FCHV-adv Fuel Cell System|
|Technical Paper||Compressed Hydrogen Storage for Fuel Cell Vehicles|
Data Sets - Support Documents
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|TABLE 1||APPLICATION OF GENERAL REQUIREMENTS|
|TABLE 2||FUEL STORAGE REQUIREMENTS REFERENCE LIST|
|TABLE 3||APPLICATION OF LHSS REQUIREMENTS|
|TABLE 4||APPLICATION OF COMPRESSED HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEM (CHSS) REQUIREMENTS|
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|TABLE B1||LISTING OF MATERIAL QUALIFICATION TEST REQUIREMENTS|
|TABLE B2||QUALIFICATION OF HYDROGEN COMPATIBILITY BASED ON USAGE CONDITIONS|
|TABLE C1||LISTING OF PERFORMANCE TEST GUIDANCE|
|TABLE C2||LOCALIZED FIRE TEST DESCRIPTION|
|TABLE D1||FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH TEST RESULTS|
The Fuel Cell Standards Committee is responsible for establishing standards for hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles. Standards will cover the safety aspects of hydrogen, fuel cell, and electrical systems in the vehicle, test procedures to establish the performance of the vehicle, system/components, and interface requirements.
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