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Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Rechargeable Energy Storage System (RESS) Safety and Abuse Testing
- Ground Vehicle Standard
Published August 23, 2021 by SAE International in United States
Downloadable datasets availableAnnotation ability available
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended as a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change to keep pace with experience and technical advances. It describes a body of tests which may be used as needed for abuse testing of electric or hybrid electric vehicle rechargeable energy storage systems (RESS) to determine the response of such electrical energy storage and control systems to conditions or events which are beyond their normal operating range. This document does not establish pass/fail criteria. However, SAE J2929 does define pass/fail criteria for automotive RESS safety testing.
Abuse test procedures in this document are intended to cover a broad range of vehicle applications as well as a broad range of electrical energy storage devices, including individual RESS cells (batteries or capacitors), modules, and packs.
RESS includes any type of rechargeable electrical energy storage device, such as batteries and capacitors. This document does not apply to RESS that uses mechanical devices to store energy (e.g., electro-mechanical flywheels) or fuel cells.
Abuse testing is performed to characterize the response of a rechargeable energy storage system (RESS) to off-normal conditions or environments. The primary purpose of abuse testing is to gather response information to external/internal inputs that are designed to simulate actual use and abuse conditions. This response information is used to expose the hazards, if any, associated with a given RESS under a given set of use and abuse conditions and to help quantify the hazard mitigation efforts that should be taken for a particular RESS design.
Revisions are intended to update and improve the test description and methods.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|Unnamed Dataset 1|
|Unnamed Dataset 2|
|Unnamed Dataset 3|
|Table 1||Recommended abuse tolerance tests, including the number of RESS cells, modules, and packs for each test|
|Table 2||Measurement accuracies|
|Table 3||Hazard severity levels and descriptions (adapted from EUCAR and SAND2005-3123)|
|Table 5||Penetration characteristics|
|Table A1||Important test parameters|
Battery Safety Standards Committee
Create and maintain battery safety standards and test procedures for use in the assessment, development and qualification of battery cells, modules, packs and systems.
|J1715_201410||Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Terminology|
|J1739_202101||Potential Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) Including Design FMEA, Supplemental FMEA-MSR, and Process FMEA|
|J1950_201604||Proving Ground Vehicle Corrosion Testing|
|J2344_202010||Guidelines for Electric Vehicle Safety|
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