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Performance Evaluation of Door & Seat Side-Impact Airbags for Passenger Van and Sport-Utility Vehicles
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 23, 1998 by SAE International in United States
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Side impact accounts for a significant source of societal harm, injury and death. To address this issue, Europe and US have introduced legislation to be met for the new vehicle certification. In an effort to meet these regulations and the market demand for safety, Automotive manufacturers have significantly improved vehicle side structure integrity and introduced side impact airbags are for added protection.
Today, passenger vans, light truck and sport-utility type vehicles are all popular consumer choices in the US. These vehicles differ significantly from passenger cars in many respects and as such need special design considerations for side airbags.
Here, MADYMO-3D model of a generic passenger van / Sport-Utility type vehicle is created and correlated to FMVSS-214 side impact crash test. This model is used to evaluate both door and seat mounted side airbag designs in different orientations at standard test impact condition and at a higher speed. The results are presented and the significance of side airbag design for occupant protection is discussed.
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CitationGopal, M. and Anne, V., "Performance Evaluation of Door & Seat Side-Impact Airbags for Passenger Van and Sport-Utility Vehicles," SAE Technical Paper 980912, 1998, https://doi.org/10.4271/980912.
- Model 572 Side Impact Dummy (US DOT SID); MADYMO Database Manual Version-5.2.1 TNO Road Vehicle Research Institute The Netherlands
- The U.S. Department of transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 1994 “Federal Safety Standards MVSS-214”
- Miller, P. Miller P., II MGA Research Corporation Akron, New York “Evaluation Methodologies for Automobile Side Impact Development,” SAE paper - 930483 1992
- Gopal M. Du Bois P. Sheh M. “Simulation-Based Side Impact Airbag Development Process” High Performance Computing in Design, Engineering and Manufacturing, Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on High Performance Computing in the Automotive Industry Cray Research and SGI Paris, France October 1996