Adult Seat Belts: How Safe Are They for Children?
Published May 13, 1996 by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in United States
Investigation of crashes involving 121 children aged up to 14 in adult three-point lap/shoulder (lap/sash) belts showed that irrespective of age they were generally well protected even in severe frontal crashes, and none sustained belt-induced inertial neck injury. The prime cause of injury among these children was contact with the interior surfaces of the car, predominantly in side impacts. Lap-belted children sustained a higher proportion of belt-induced abdominal injuries and a similar proportion of head injuries despite mostly being seated in center positions away from the side of the car. Sled tests with 18-month, three-year-old and six-year-old dummies produced data consiste the conclusion that adding torso restraint slightly increases the risk of minor (AIS 1 or 2) neck injury, but has the major benefit of reducing the risk of serious head and abdominal injuries. The conclusion of this work is that adult lap/shoulder belts do not present a significant risk of injury to young children.
|Technical Paper||Analysis of Load Cell Barrier Data to Assess Vehicle Compatibility|
|Technical Paper||Injury Severity in Restrained Children in Motor Vehicle Crashes|
|Journal Article||The Effectiveness of Curtain Side Air Bags in Side Impact Crashes|