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A Review of Driver Airbag Deployments in Europe and Japan to Date
Published May 13, 1996 by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in United States
This study examines data from 186 crash-damaged vehicles in Europe and Japan fitted with driver airbags. There were 130 cases of airbag deployment in the vehicles 97 of which were in single-impact frontal crashes. The majority of drivers in these impacts sustained AIS 1 injuries with the head/face being the most commonly injured body region. Some AIS 2+ injuries occurred when the optimum occupant protection circumstances were compromised in some way. The most common site of AIS 2+ injuries was the lower limb followed by the upper limb. Twelve out of 14 AIS 2+ injuries to the upper limbs occurred in vehicles whose airbag deployed. Slight differences were observed in injury outcomes when a differentiation was made between airbag sizes although this may have been a function of sample size. Overall encouraging results are apparent. However, this is a preliminary survey. Follow-up studies with more data are clearly the next stage if a comprehensive overview of the real-world performance of airbags is to be attained.
- Andrew P. Morris - Loughborough University of Technology
- Pete Thomas - Loughborough University of Technology
- Martin Brett - Transport Research Lab.
- Jean-Yves Bruno-Foret - PSA Peugeot-Citroen/Renault
- Christian Thomas - PSA Peugeot-Citroen/Renault
- Dietmar Otte - Medical University of Hannover
- Koshiro One - Japan Automobile Research Institute