Life Cycle Assessment of High-Technology Products
Published April 8, 1997 by SAE International in United States
Annotation of this paper is available
The ISO 14000 series of standards will include guidelines for product life-cycle assessment (LCA) that are intended to be applicable to all products, regardless of materials, production system, or end use. Practice in LCA, however, has lagged far behind theory. Existing methods are at best marginally applicable to high-technology manufactured products such as automobiles that can contain thousands of components made from hundreds of raw materials. Optimization of the environmental performance of such production systems cannot be reduced to simple measures of energy and material use. This paper identifies technical issues relevant to the development operational LCA methodologies for high-technology products and proposes a hierarchical approach that is consistent with the general principles of ISO 14000 but is tailored to the needs of LCA users within high-technology industries.
CitationBarnthouse, L., "Life Cycle Assessment of High-Technology Products," SAE Technical Paper 971178, 1997, https://doi.org/10.4271/971178.
- Fava, J., Denison R., Jones B., Curran M. A., Vigon B., Selke S., and Barnum J., (eds.). 991. A Technical Framework for Life-Cycle Assessment. Setac Foundation, Pensacola, Florida.
- Fava, J., Consoli F., Denison R., Dickson K., Mohin T., and Vigon B. 1993. A Conceptual Framework for Life-Cycle Impact Assessment. SETAC Foundation, Pensacola, Florida.
- International Life Sciences Institute. 1996. Human health impact assessment in life cycle assessment: Analysis by a expert panel. ILSI Health and Environmental Sciences Institute, Washington, D.C.
- Steen, B., and Ryding S. -O.. 1992. The EPS Enviro-Accounting Method: An application of environmental accounting principles for evaluation and valuation of environmental impact in product design. Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Göteborg, Sweden.
- Udo de Haes, H. A. (ed.). 1995. The methodology of impact assessment in LCA. Preliminary report of the SETAC-Europe Working Group on Impact Assessment.