This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Adaptive Airbag-Belt-Restraints - An Analysis of Biomechanical Benefits
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 24, 1997 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Current restraint systems with pretensioner, belt force limiter and airbag are not only designed for a crash test such as FMVSS 208. Automobile manufacturers carry out test configurations over and above these parameters to check the effectiveness of restraint systems, for instansce: NCAP, frontal crash with 40% offset against a deformable barrier, which is a provision of the ECE-R 94 and a binding prescription for all new European vehicles as of October 1998. However it is not possible to cover the entire spectrum of accident configurations found in real-world accident occurrences.
In the development of restraint systems with reference to aspects of occupant biomechanics, the possibilities on the testing side for reproducing reality are particularly limited. Aside from the 50%-HYBRID III dummy as occupant of average size and weight, only the two extremes of the occupant - 5% female dummy and 95% male dummy - are used.
This paper defines the concept of Adaptability of the restraint system, that is the adaptability of its protection performance to various different possible initial parameters such as type and severity of accident, and the occupancy/car interior/ constellation. The adaptation requirement for the restraint system is determined in an occuparcy/car interior model with simulation for individual crash occupancy combinations in a frontal crash. With the help of selected crash configurations with high adaptation requirements on the restraint system (RS), the potential of such restraint systems with regard to the increase in occupant protection is demonstrated. The question of the value of adaptability should be discussed in comparison to a restraint system which has been alternatively further optimized by primary measures.
CitationAdomeit, H., Wils, O., and Heym, A., "Adaptive Airbag-Belt-Restraints - An Analysis of Biomechanical Benefits," SAE Technical Paper 970776, 1997, https://doi.org/10.4271/970776.
- Adomeit H.-D. Dr.-Ing. Konzepte von Rückhaltesystemen and Aspekte der Schnittstellen zum Fahrzeug-innenraum Essen/Germany 23 24 September 1993
- Adomeit H.-D. Dr.-Ing. Meiβner D. Dipl.-Ing. Airbag - Ergäganzung im restraint system oder Basis für neue Konzepte des Insassenschutzes Third International Symposium for Car Occupant Restraint Systems Cologne/Germany 27 29 April 1994
- Adomeit H.-D. Dr.-Ing. Malczyk A. Dipl.-Ing. The Airbag Folding Pattern as a Means for Injury Reduction of Out-of-Position Occupants 39th Stapp Car Crash Conference San Diego 8-10 November 1995
- Brambilla L. Dr.-Ing. 59. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirugie e.V. (Annual Conference of German Society for Accident Surgery ICC Berlin/German 22.-25 November 1995
- Verkehrsunfälle (Traffic Accidents) Wiesbaden
- Decker J. Grösch L. Justen R. Schwede W. Realitäts-nahe frontale Crash-Versuche and daraus abgeleitete Schutzmaβnahmen in Mercedes-Benz Fahrzeugen Professional Automobile Journal 11 90
- Heym A. Grundsatzuntersuchungen zum Einsatz von adaptiven Insassenschutzsysternen beim Frontalaufrall von Pkw 13 96
- PETRI-internal investigation of biomechanical benefits of multiple stage inflators
- Scheunert D. Jahn W. Zimmermann R. Kleine Ursache, groβe Wirkung. Optimiertes Rückhaltesystem durch den Einsatz eines Gurtkraft-begrenzers Fourth International Symposium for Car Occupant Restraint Systems Bonn/Germany 24.-26 April 1996
- Seifert Ulrich Prof. Dr.-lng. Fahrzeugsicherheit. Per-sonenwagen (Driving Safetv in Cars) VDI-Verlag Wolfsburg/Germany August 1992