This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Characterization of Diesel Particulate Emissions of Two IDI Diesel Engines Using Diesel and Kerosene Fuels
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published May 01, 1996 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
An old single cylinder Petter AA1 and a new four cylinder Ford 1.61 engines were operated over a wide range of steady state conditions using kerosene and diesel fuels. The two engines exhibited different trends in forming the particulate emissions. For both fuels the particulate emissions were dominated by the carbon for the old engine, and by the SOF for the new engine where the latter was characterized by its low level of emissions. The engine operating conditions also influenced the emissions of the different particulate fractions. Generally, the old engine had higher unburnt lube oil emissions as well as high survival of diesel n-alkanes and PAH in the emissions. However, in the case of kerosene and the new engine when operated both with kerosene and diesel fuel, the pyrosynthesis of these compounds was evident. Sulphates in the particulates, which originated mainly in the fuel, were shown to incorporate low levels of background from the engine deposits and the lubricating oil.
DIESEL PARTICULATE EMISSIONS are function of many factors; including engine design, fuel properties and engine operating conditions. It is difficult to assign any of the fuel physical or chemical properties as the only factor that could be responsible for the formation of the particulate or gaseous emissions, since they are all inter-correlated. However, it has been shown that the fuel sulphur (1, 2, 3, 4) and the fuel PAH (5, 6, 7) has a direct influence on the emissions through the recurrence of these fuel components in the particulate emissions. Engine operating modes also play a significant role in generating gaseous and particulate emissions in diesel engine combustion (1, 2, 8).
In the present work two IDI engines were operated using diesel fuel no.2 and kerosene, and the particulates generated at different engine operating conditions were characterized.
CitationAndrews, G., Abdelhalim, S., and Williams, P., "Characterization of Diesel Particulate Emissions of Two IDI Diesel Engines Using Diesel and Kerosene Fuels," SAE Technical Paper 961231, 1996, https://doi.org/10.4271/961231.
Diesel Engine Combustion and Emission Characteristics
Number: SP-1179; Published: 1996-05-01
Number: SP-1179; Published: 1996-05-01
- Hare, C. T. Baines, T. M. “Characterization of Particulate and Gaseous Emissions from Two Diesel Automobiles as Functions of Fuel and Driving Cycle” SAE Paper No. 790424 1979
- Wall, J. C. Hoekman, S. K. “Fuel Composition Effects on Heavy-Duty Diesel Particulate Emissions” SAE Paper No. 841364 1984
- Weaver, C. S. Miller, C. Johnson, W. A. Higgins, T. S. “Reducing the Sulphur and Aromatic Content of Diesel Fuel: Costs, Benefits and Effectiveness for Emissions Control” SAE Paper No. 860622 1986
- Baranescu, R. A. “Influence of Fuel Sulphur on Diesel Particulate Emissions” SAE Paper No. 881174 1988
- Begeman, C. R. Colucci, J. M. “Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbon Emission from Automotive Engines” SAE Paper No. 700469 1970
- Andrews, G. E. Iheozor-Ejiofor, I. E. Pang, S. W. Oeapipatanakul, S. “Unburnt Hydrocarbon and Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbon Emissions and their Relationship to Diesel Fuel Composition” 1983
- Williams, P. T. Bartle, K. D. Andrews, G. E. “The Relation Between Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds in Diesel Fuel and Exhaust Particulates” Fuel 1986 65 August
- Abbass, M. K. Andrews, G. E. Kennion, S. J. Williams, P. T. Bartle, K. D. “The survivability of Diesel Fuel Components in the organic Fraction of Particulate Emissions from an IDI Diesel” SAE Paper No. 910487 1991
- Stone, R. “Introduction to Internal Combustion Engines” Macmillan 1985
- Patterson, D. J. Henein, N. A. “Emissions from Combustion Engines and Their Control” Ann Arbor Science Publishers Inc. 1972
- Abbass, M. K. Andrews, G. E. Asadi-Aghdam, H. R. Kithinji, J. P. Williams, P. T. Bartle, K. D. Davies. I. L. Tanui, L. K. “Pyrosynthesis of PAH in a Diesel Engine operated on Kerosene” SAE Paper No. 890827 1989
- Abbass, M. K. Andrews, G. E. Williams, P. T. Davies. I. L. Tanui, L. K. “Diesel Particulate Emissions: Pyrosynthesis of PAH from Hexadecane” SAE Paper No. 880345 1988
- Shore, P. R. “Advances in the Use of Tritium as a Radiotracer for Oil Consumption Measurement” SAE Paper No. 881583 1988
- Pistillo, W. R. Schiller, C. L. “Lubrication of Low Emissions Diesel Engines Part 3” SAE Paper No. 902178 1990
- Springer, K. J. Stahman, R. C. “Unregulated Emissions from Diesel Used in Trucks and Buses” SAE Paper No. 770258 1977
- Khatri, N. J. Johnson, J. H. Leddy, D. G. “The Characterization of the Hydrocarbon and Sulphate Fractions of Diesel Particulate Matter” SAE Paper No. 780111 1978
- Postulka, A. Lies, K. H. “Chemical Characterization from Diesel-Powered Passenger Cars” SAE Paper No. 810083 1981
- Arai, M. “Impact of Changes in Fuel, Properties and Lubrication oil on Particulate Emissions and SOF” SAE Paper No. 920556 1992
- Furuhama, S. Hiruma, M. Yoshida, H. “An Increase of Engine Oil Consumption at High Temperature of Piston and Cylinder” SAE Paper No. 810976 1981
- Williams, P.T. Shen, Y. Andrews, G. E. Bartle, K. D. “Diesel Fuel Dilution and Particulate Absorption Contamination in Used Lubricating Oil” SAE Paper No. 89080 1989
- Andrews, G. E. Abdelhalim, S. Williams, P. T. “The Influence of Lubricating Oil Age on Emissions from an IDI Diesel” SAE Paoer No. 931003 1993