This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Mathematical Modelling of the BioSID Dummy
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published November 01, 1994 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Event: Stapp Car Crash Conference
The objective of this work was to create mathematical models of the BioSID side impact test dummy, for use in side impact simulation studies. Two dummy models were created - a multibody model, and a finite element model. The models have been validated according to the procedures described in the BioSID User's Manual. The responses of both models were within the required corridors for most of the specified calibration tests, and during these test conditions the behaviour of the models correlated well with physical dummies.
The models are now being tested in numerical side impact models of the vehicle. Each dummy model is particularly suited to different tasks: The multibody model is used in a lumped-mass model of the vehicle side structure, for studying the door padding and door intrusion characteristics. The finite element dummy model is implemented into finite element models of vehicles, allowing the vehicle-dummy interaction to be studied in much greater detail than is possible with physical testing or with lumped-mass models.
Both types of modelling technique have inherent advantages and disadvantages. Examples from the models are used to highlight these traits, and recommendations are made regarding techniques which will improve the ability of mathematical models to represent vehicle occupants.
CitationFountain, M., Altamore, P., Skarakis, J., and Spiess, O., "Mathematical Modelling of the BioSID Dummy," SAE Technical Paper 942226, 1994, https://doi.org/10.4271/942226.
- Society of Automotive Engineers Warrendale, PA “User's Manual for the BioSID Side Impact Test Dummy.” SAE Engineering AID 24
- Beebe, M. “What is BioSID” SAE 900377 Society of Automotive Engineers Warrendale, PA
- Irwin, A. et.al. “Comparison of the EUROSID and SID Impact Responses to the Response Corridors of the International Standards Organisation” SAE 890604
- Beebe, M. “BioSID Update and Calibration Requirements” SAE 901319 Society of Automotive Engineers Warrendale, PA
- Eppinger, R. 1993
- TNO Road-Vehicles Research Institute “Madymo Database Manual, Version 5.0” 1990
- TNO Road-Vehicles Research Institute “Madymo Users Manual, Version 5.0” 1990
- MSC Corporation “MSC/DYNA User's Manual, Version 3.” 1992
- Lasry, et.al. “Mathematical Modelling of the Hybrid III Dummy Chest with Chest Foam.” SAE 912892 Society of Automotive Engineers Warrendale, PA
- Khalil, T. “ Hybrid III thoracic Impact on Self-Aligning Steering Wheel by Finite Element Analysis and Mini-Sled Experiment.” SAE 912894 Society of Automotive Engineers Warrendale, PA
- Khalil, T. 1993
- Altamore, P. Fountain, M. “The Modelling of Viscoelastic Solid Continua using Madymo V5.1” Proceedings of the Fifth International Madymo User's Conference November 1994
- Koppens, W. et.al. “Comparison of modeling Techniques for Flexible Dummy Parts” Proceedings of the 37th STAPP Car Crash Conference 1993
- Pipkorn, B. “A 2D MADYMO BIOSID Dummy.” Proceedings of the 3 rd International MADYMO Users' Meeting 1992
- MSC Corporation “MSC/NASTRAN User's Manual, Version 67.” 1991
- Mecalog SARL “RADIOSS CRASH User's Manual, Version 2.1.6” Les Ulis, France 1992
- Fountain, M. Spiess, O. “The Development of a BioSID Dummy Model Using MADYMO” Research Report for General Motors-Holden's Australia October 1993
- Livermore Software “LS-DYNA 3D User's Manual.” 1992
- PDA Engineering “P3/PATRAN User's Manual, Version 1.2” 1993
- Brujis, W. “Coupled MADYMO-FEM Simulations for the BIOSID Dummy.” Proceedings of the 3 rd International MADYMO Users' Meeting 1992