This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Gasoline Engine Cycle Simulation Using the Leeds Turbulent Burning Velocity Correlations
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 01, 1993 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
A 3-zone thermodynamic cycle model has been developed which incorporates the Leeds correlations of turbulent burning velocity. The correlations encompass both the beneficial effects of turbulence in flame wrinkling and the detrimental effects of flame strain, which can lead to partial or total flame quench. Allowance has been made for the effects of “developing turbulence”, as the initially laminar flame kernel grows and is progressively influenced by larger scales of turbulence.
Available experimental cylinder pressure and flame propagation data were used to check the plausibility of the simulation code and to establish values for the various constants employed to characterize the turbulence. The program was then used to explore the effects of engine speed, mixture strength, induction pressure and turbulence levels on the development of the combustion event.
CitationMerdjani, S. and Sheppard, C., "Gasoline Engine Cycle Simulation Using the Leeds Turbulent Burning Velocity Correlations," SAE Technical Paper 932640, 1993, https://doi.org/10.4271/932640.
SAE 1993 Transactions: Journal of Fuels & Lubricants
Number: V102-4 ; Published: 1994-09-01
Number: V102-4 ; Published: 1994-09-01
- Blizard N.C., and Keck J.C., “Experimental and theoretical investigation of turbulent burning model for internal combustion engines, SAE paper 740191, 1974.
- Kwang MinChun and Heywood J.B., “Estimating heat-release and mass-of-mixture burned from spark-ignition engine pressure data”, Combust. Sci. and Tech 54, 133-143, 1987.
- Morel T., Rackmill I., Keribar R., and Jennings M.J., “Model for heat transfer and combustion in spark ignited engines and its comparison with experiments”, SAE paper 880198, 1988.
- Ferguson C.R., “Unburned gas temperatures in an IC engine - heat release computations”, Combust. Sci. and Tech. 55, 63-81, 1987.
- Heywood J.B., “Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals”. McGraw Hill, 1988.
- Milane R.E., Tabaczynski R.J., and Arpaci U.S., “A stochastic model of turbulent mixing for the prediction of burn rate in a spark ignition engine”, Combust. Sci. and Tech. 32, 211-235, 1983.
- Groff E.G., and Matekunas F.A., “The nature of turbulent flame propagation in a homogeneous spark ignition engine”, SAE paper 800133, 1980.
- Beretta G.P., Rashidi M. and Keck J.C., “Turbulent flame propagation and combustion in spark ignition engines”, Comb. and Flame 52, 217-245, 1983.
- Lancaster D.R., Krieger R.B., Sorenson S.C., and Hull W.L., “Effects of turbulence on spark ignition engine combustion”, SAE paper 760160, 1976.
- Chen Changyou and Veshagh Ali, “A refinement of flame propagation combustion model for spark-ignition engines”, SAE paper 920679, 1992.
- Bradley D., Lau A.K.C., and Lawes M., “Flame stretch rate as a determinant of turbulent burning velocity”, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 338, 359-387, 1992.
- Hynes J., “Turbulence effects on combustion in spark ignition engines”, PhD thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, 1986.
- Ferguson C.R., “Internal Combustion Engines”, Applied Thermosciences, 1985.
- Woschni G., “A universally applicable equation for the instantaneous heat transfer coefficient in the internal combustion engine”, SAE paper 670931, 1967.
- Annand W.J.D., “Heat transfer in the cylinder of reciprocating internal combustion engines”, Proc I MechE 177, 973-990, 1963.
- Borgnakke C., “Flame propagation and heat transfer effects in spark ignition engines”, in “Fuel economy in road vehicles powered by spark ignition engines”, ed. Hillard J.G. and Springer G.S., pp 183-224, Plenum Press, NY, 1984.
- JANAF, “Thermochemical tables”, 2nd edition, NSRDS - MBS37, June 1971.
- Hirschfelder J.O., Curtiss C.F., and Bird R.B., “Molecular theory of gases and liquids”, Wiley, 1964.
- Abdel-Salam H.A., “Modelling and experimental validation of turbulent flame propagation in spark ignition engines”, PhD thesis, EI-Mansoura University, Egypt (in association with Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds), 1992.
- Ting L.L. and Mayer J.E. Jr., “Piston ring lubrication and cylinder bore wear analysis” J. Lubric. Tech, 96, 258-266 and 305-314, 1974.
- Namazian M., and Heywood J.B., “Flow in the piston cylinder ring crevices of a spark ignition engine”, SAE paper 820088, 1982.
- Witze P.O., Martin J.K. and Borgnakke C., “Measurements and predictions of the precombustion fluid motion and combustion rate In a spark ignition engine”, SAE paper 831697, 1983.
- Hall M.J., and Bracco F.V., “A study of velocities and turbulence intensities measured in firing and motored engines”, SAE paper 870453, 1987.
- Witze P.O., Hall M.J., and Bennett M.J., “Are gas velocities in a motored piston engine representative of the pre-ignition fluid motion in a fired engine”, SANDIA Report SAND-88-8878 (unlimited release), July 1988.
- Arcoumanis C., Hu Z., Vafidis C., and Whitelaw J.H., “Tumbling motion: a mechanism for turbulence enhancement in spark ignition engines”, SAE paper 900060, 1990.
- Wong K.W., and Hoult D.P., “Rapid distortion theory applied to turbulent combustion”, SAE paper 790357, 1979.
- James E.H., “Further aspects of combustion modelling in spark ignition engines”, SAE paper 900684, 1990.
- Tabaczynski R.J., Ferguson C.R., and Radhakrishan K., “Further refinement and validation of a turbulent flame propagation model for spark ignition engines”, Comb. and Flame 39, 111-121, 1977.
- Tennekes H., and Lumley J.L., “A first course in turbulence”, MIT Press, 1972.
- Bradley D., Lau A.K.C., and Lawes M., “Flame stretch rate as determinant of turbulence burning velocity”, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 338, 359-387, 1992.
- Gouldin F.C., “An application of fractals to modelling of premixed turbulent flames”, Comb. and Flame 68, 249-266, 1987.
- Mathews R.D., Sarwar M.G., Filipe D.J., Miller D.L., and Cernansky N.P., “Predictions of cyclic variability in an SI engine and comparisons with experimental data”, SAE paper 912345, 1991.
- Bradley D., “How fast can we burn”, invited lecture, 24th Int. Symp. on Comb., Sydney, the Combustion Institute, 1992.
- Bradley D., Hynes J., Lawes M., and Sheppard C.G.W, “Limitations to turbulence enhanced burning rates in lean burn engines”, I. Mech. E., C46188, 1988.
- Abdel-Gayed R.G., Bradley D., Lawes M., and Lung F.K.K., “Premixed turbulent burning driving the early stages of an explosion”, 21 Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1987.
- Benjamin S., “BL lean burn combustion research”, “Magerbetrieb Beirn Ottomotor - lean burn engines”, VDI Beriechte, Wolfsburg, 1985.
- Lawes M., “Effects of turbulence on combustion in engines”, Ph.D Thesis, Leeds University, 1987.
- Wakisaka T., Hamamoto Y., and Kinoshita S., “Turbulence characteristics in internal combustion engines”, Bull JSME 26, 254-261, 1983.
- Abdel-Gayed R.G., AL-Kishali K.J. and Bradley D., “Turbulent burning velocities and flame straining in explosions”, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 391, 393-414, 1984.
- Metghalchi M., and Keck J.C., “Burning velocities of mixtures of air with methanol, iso-octane and indolene at high pressure and temperature”, Comb, and Flame 48, 191-210, 1982.
- König G., and Sheppard C.G.W., “End gas autoignition and knock in a S.I. engine”, SAE paper 902135 and SAE Trans. 99, 820-839, 1990.
- Barr P.K., and Witze P.O., “Some limitations to the spherical flame assumption used in phenomenological engine models”, SAE paper 880129, 1988.