This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Applying the Intent of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards to Vehicles Modified for the Use of Disabled Persons
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1992 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Since 1966 the federal government, through the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, has promulgated regulations governing the crash safety of motor vehicles, with particular attention to passenger cars. However, during the next four years, most of the regulations will also apply to light trucks and vans. There are now 53 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS). These standards primarily regulate the safety of new vehicles.
For many disabled persons, especially those confined to wheelchairs, vehicles must be extensively modified to allow them to drive, or to ride as passengers. The objective of this paper is to examine the safety level intended to be afforded to able bodied persons by the crashworthiness FMVSS and to make observations on the special requirements of modified vehicles to afford the same level of safety to disabled persons. We will emphasize the safety needs of those who use vans since vans are the vehicles most extensively modified.
CitationDigges, K. and Dalrymple, G., "Applying the Intent of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards to Vehicles Modified for the Use of Disabled Persons," SAE Technical Paper 920563, 1992, https://doi.org/10.4271/920563.
- “Safety Programs for Light Trucks and Vans”, U.S. Dept. of Transportation, 1988.
- “Safety Programs for Light Trucks and Sport Utility Vehicles”, U.S. Dept. of Transportation, 1990.
- “Vehicle Data Base”, maintained by NHTSA.
- Monk and Willke, “Energy Absorption Material Selection Methodology for Head/A-Pillar”, 30th Stapp Conference, SAE 861887, 1987.
- Digges, Cohen, and Stucki, “The Application of Crash Victim Simulation Models in Assessing Injury Reduction Priorities”, Proceedings of 1986 IRCOBI Conference.
- Alba, “Guidelines for Adaptation of Supplemental Restraint Systems, the Air Bag - Issues, Answers and Recommendations,” BTV, Inc., ADED Annual Conference, New Orleans, August 1991.
- “Wheelchair Occupant Restraint Assemblies for Motor Vehicles,” Australian Standard 2942-1987, Standards Association of Australia, North Sydney, NSW, Section 2.2(a) (ii).
- Conversation with Mr. Paul Erway of Haveco, Inc. Mid-Atlantic RESNA Conference September 28, 1991.
- Orne, Barak, and Fisch, “Design, Test, and Development of a Wheelchair Restraint System for Use in Buses,” Twentieth Stapp Car Crash Conference, 1976.
- “National Mobility Equipment Dealers Association Guidelines,” N. M. E. D. A., Tampa, FL, February 1990.