This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Impact of Bit Representation on Transport Capacity and Clock Accuracy in Serial Data Streams
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1989 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
All networking systems proposed for the automobile are serial in nature. Most of these systems are also multimaster. A requirement common to all of these systems is the ability to separate framing information from data. This is achieved by some form of code violation for the framing bits which violates the code form for standard data bits. In the Manchester and PWM bit representations this code violation can be signalled within a single bit, NRZ requires more bits. The concept of code violation is also used for signalling errors within a message frame. Clock tolerance is dependent on the length of time over which synchronisation between the serial bit stream and receiving circuitry must be maintained. With a given physical bus line bandwidth, the transport capacity of a protocol is a function of the number of time slots needed to transfer a given number of data bytes.
By careful examination of the message framing and error signalling requirements, the maximum transport capacity and the maximum allowable clock tolerances for the three most popular bit representations are derived.
From this we will conclude that, for serial data streams which require framing and error signalling, an NRZ bit representation offers the higher transport capacity (including framing and bit stuffing overhead) than either Manchester or PWM bit representations and an equal tolerance to clock inaccuracy.
|Technical Paper||Intake Manifold Whistle Suppression in a Product Development Environment|
|Technical Paper||Key Drivers for a Future System Architecture in Vehicles|
|Technical Paper||Power Control for the Escape and Mariner Hybrids|
CitationDais, S. and Chapman, M., "Impact of Bit Representation on Transport Capacity and Clock Accuracy in Serial Data Streams," SAE Technical Paper 890532, 1989, https://doi.org/10.4271/890532.
- Kiencke U. Dais S. Litschel M. “Automotive Serial Controller Area Network” SAE 860391
- Johnson W. Volk J. “A Proposal for a Vehicle Network Protocol Standard” SAE 860392
- SAE 71850 Recommended Practice
- Kiencke U. Chi-Thuan “The impact of Bit Representation on Noise Emissions in Automotive Networks”