This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Gasoline Additive Requirements for Today's Smaller Engines
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 01, 1988 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
The performance and driveability of today's smaller engines, particularly those with port fuel injectors, often are adversely affected by deposits at various places throughout the fuel induction system. These deposits can, however, be controlled by the use of optimal detergent additives, which are surface-active agents containing polar heads and hydrocarbon tails. For convenience in discussion, the gasoline detergents may be divided into two groups: low and high molecular weight. Low molecular weight detergents typically are more effective in forming protective films on metal surfaces, and high molecular weight detergents are more effective in dispersing deposit precursors. The performance of a particular low molecular weight detergent and a particular high molecular weight detergent is compared herein in carburetor, port fuel injector and intake valve tests. The low molecular weight detergent is effective in keeping the carburetor and port fuel injectors clean, and it also is partially effective in the clean-up of dirty port fuel injectors; however, it is concentration limited because of possible accumulation on intake valves. The high molecular weight detergent is effective not only in keeping carburetors and port fuel injectors clean, but also in the clean-up of injector deposits. When used in combination with a polymeric carrier fluid, the high molecular weight detergent also provides effective control of intake valve deposits. For optimal overall intake system cleanliness in today's smaller engines, the preferred detergent products are of higher molecular weight than those typically used in previous years when carburetor cleanliness was the major detergent performance requirement.
|Technical Paper||MULTIFUNCTIONAL GASOLINE ADDITIVES REDUCE ENGINE DEPOSITS|
|Technical Paper||GASOLINE ADDITIVES — A REVIEW FOR ENGINEERS|
CitationUdelhofen, J. and Zahalka, T., "Gasoline Additive Requirements for Today's Smaller Engines," SAE Technical Paper 881644, 1988, https://doi.org/10.4271/881644.
- Gething J. A. “Performance-Robbing Aspects of Intake Valve and Port Deposits” SAE Paper 872116 1987
- Tupa R. C. “Port Fuel Injectors-Causes/Consequences/Cures.” SAE Paper 872113 1987
- Benson J. D. Yaccarino P. A. “The Effects of Fuel Composition and Additives on Multiport Fuel Injector Deposits” SAE Paper 861533 1986
- Taniguchi B. Y. Peyla R. J. Parsons G. M. Hoekman S. K. Voss D. A. “Injector Deposits - The Tip of Intake System Deposit Problems” SAE Paper 861534 1986
- Abramo G. P. Horowitz A. M. Trewella J. C. “Port Fuel Injector Cleanliness Studies” SAE Paper 861535 1986
- Tupa R. C. Koehler D. E. “Gasoline Port Fuel Injector Keep-Clean/Clean-Up With Additives” SAE Paper 861536 1986
- Lenane D. L. Stocky T. P. “Gasoline Additives Solve Injector Deposit Problems” SAE Paper 861537 1986
- Caracciolo C. Stebar R. F. “An Engine Dynamometer Test for Evalulating Port Fuel Injector Plugging” SAE Paper 872111
- Kim C. Tseregounis S.I. Scruggs B. E. “Deposit Formation on a Metal Surface in Oxidized Gasoline” SAE Paper 872112
- Jewitt C. H. Bostick G. L. Kersey V. L. “Fuel Injector, Intake Valve and Carburetor Detergency Performance of Gasoline Additives” SAE Paper 872114
- Lepperhoff G. Schommers J. Weber O. Leonhardt H. “Mechanism of the Deposit Formation of Inlet Valves” SAE Paper 872115
- Bitting B. Gschwendtner G. Kohlhepp W. Kothe M. Testroet C. J. Ziwica K. H. Intake Valve Deposits “Fuel Detergency Requirements Revisited” SAE Paper 872116