This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Initial Development and Performance Evaluation of a Process for Formation of Dense Carbon by Pyrolysis of Methane
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published July 01, 1985 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Breathing oxygen supply for long-duration manned space missions such as the NASA Space Station may be generated by electrolysis of water produced by the reaction of metabolic carbon dioxide and hydrogen in a Sabatier Methanation Reactor (SMR). A Space Station probable restriction on venting of carbonaceous gases to space will require onboard management of SMR product methane. This may be accomplished via methane decomposition to hydrogen and carbon. The hydrogen could be recycled to the SMR and the carbon would be stored onboard. Under contract with the NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC), Hamilton Standard is currently developing a Carbon Formation Reactor (CFR) that decomposes methane to gaseous hydrogen and dense solid carbon via high temperature pyrolysis. In this paper, the fundamentals of methane pyrolysis to carbon are described and the results of CFR development efforts to date are presented. Based on these results, the performance of a full scale SMR-CFR Carbon Reactor Subsystem (CRS) is projected.
CitationNoyes, G. and Cusick, R., "Initial Development and Performance Evaluation of a Process for Formation of Dense Carbon by Pyrolysis of Methane," SAE Technical Paper 851342, 1985, https://doi.org/10.4271/851342.
- Birbara, P.J. Sribnik, F. “Development of an Improved Sabatier Reactor” ASME Paper 79-ENAs-36, 9th Intersociety Conference on Environmental Systems San Francisco 1979
- Kleiner, G.N. Cusick, R.J. “Development of an Advanced CO 2 Reduction Subsystem” ASME Paper 81-ENAs-11, 11th Intersociety Conference on Environmental Systems San Francisco 1981
- Schubert, F.H. Burke, K.A. Quathrone, P.D. “Oxygen Generation Subsystem for Spacecraft” ASME Paper 81-ENAs-40, 11th Intersociety Conference on Environmental Systems San Francisco 1981
- Martin, R.B. Erickson, A.C. “Developmental Status of a Preprototype Water Electrolysis Subsystem” ASME Paper 81-ENAs-9, 11th Intersociety Conference on Environmental Systems San Francisco 1981
- Back, M.H. Back, R.A. “Thermal Decomposition and Reactions of Methane” Albright, L.F. Crynes, B.L. Pyrolysis: Theory and Industrial Practice Academic Press 1983
- Palmer, H.B. Cullis, C.F. “The Formation of Carbon from Gases” Walker, P.L. Chemistry and Physics of Carbon 1 Marcel-Dekker 1965
- Bokros, J.C. “Deposition, Structure, and Properties of Pyrolytic Carbon” Walker, P.L. Chemistry and Physics of Carbon 5 Marcel-Dekker 1969
- Fitzer, E. Mueller, K. Schaefer, W. “Chemistry of Pyrolytic Conversion of Organic Compounds to Carbon” Walker, P.L. Chemistry and Physics of Carbon 7 Marcel-Dekker 1971
- Kotlensky, W.V. “Deposition of Pyrolytic Carbon in Porous Solids” Walker, P.L. Chemistry and Physics of Carbon 9 Marcel-Dekker 1973
- Colligan, G. Galasso, F. “Structure of Vapour-Deposited Carbon” Nature 190 621 622 1961