This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Current Activities in Canada Relating to the Protection of Children in Automobile Accidents
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1984 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Over the past 10 to 15 years in Canada considerable effort has been devoted to increasing the protection afforded children while travelling in a motor vehicle. Federal standards governing the performance of all child car seats were first introduced in Canada in 1972. Since then, these regulations have been upgraded to incorporate dynamic testing and expanded in scope to include infant carriers and booster cushions. The development of these regulations is reviewed, and proposed amendments, both with respect to regulations concerning child car seats and the provision of tether anchorages in vehicles, are described.
To date seven provinces in Canada have introduced legislation rendering the use of occupant restraint systems compulsory for most occupants of cars and trucks. Their requirements, as they apply to children, are outlined. Numerous public education programs aimed at increasing public awareness of the need for children to be properly secured while travelling in a motor vehicle have also been conducted. Several of these programs are highlighted.
Drawing on accident data compiled for two selected provinces in Canada, the injury experience of children as vehicle occupants is reviewed, with particular attention paid to restraint use and seating position. Legislation making the use of restraints compulsory has rendered accurate assessment of restraint system performance difficult, owing to the extent to which restraint use is now over-reported in the accident data. Nevertheless, the positive benefits derived by children either through the use of seat belts or child restraint devices have again been confirmed.
|Technical Paper||Vehicle Fire Data: Different Sources, Different Goals, Different Conclusions?|
|Technical Paper||Study of improved safety for minibuses by better seat and occupant retention|
|Technical Paper||Development of Anthropomorphic Child Dummies|
- D. J. Dalmotas - Road Safety & Motor Vehicle Regulation Directorate Transport Canada
- D. M. Dance - Road Safety & Motor Vehicle Regulation Directorate Transport Canada
- W. T. Gardner - Road Safety & Motor Vehicle Regulation Directorate Transport Canada
- P. A. Gutoskie - Road Safety & Motor Vehicle Regulation Directorate Transport Canada
- G. A. Smith - Road Safety & Motor Vehicle Regulation Directorate Transport Canada
CitationDalmotas, D., Dance, D., Gardner, W., Gutoskie, P. et al., "Current Activities in Canada Relating to the Protection of Children in Automobile Accidents," SAE Technical Paper 840529, 1984, https://doi.org/10.4271/840529.
- Robbins, D.H. Henke, A.W. Roberts, V.L. A Study of Concepts in Child Seating And Restraint Systems SAE Technical Paper 700041 Society of Automotive Engineers 1970
- Melvin, J.W. Developments in Infant and Child Occupant Restraint Systems in the United States International Symposium on Occupant Restraint Toronto June 1-3 1981
- Task Force Report to the Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs Canada on Crash Protection for Infant and Child Passengers in Motor Vehicles January 1980
- Kelleher, B.J. Walsh, M.J. Dance, D.M. Gardner, W.T. An Experimental Study of the Effects of Child Restraint Improper Installation and Crash Protection for Larger Size Children SAE Child and Restraint Conference San Diego October 17-19 1983
- Williams, A.F. Observed Child Restraint Use in Automobiles American Journal of Diseases of Children 130 December 1976
- Melvin, J.W. Stalnaker, R.L. Moham, D. Protection of Child Occupants in Automobile Crashes Proceedings of the 22nd Stapp Car Crash Conference Ann Arbor, Michigan October 24-26 1978
- Thompson, A.L. Verreault, R. Who are Using Child Restraint Systems and Why - Data from Four Major Canadian Cities Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference of the American Association for Automotive Medicine Kentucky October 4-6 1979
- Kelleher, B.J. Walsh, M.J. Sled Test Comparisons of Child Restraint Performance Proceedings of the 22nd Stapp Car Crash Conference Ann Arbor, Michigan October 24-26 1978
- Jonah, B.A. Dawson, N.E. The National Vehicle Occupant Restraint Survey: Attitudes Towards and Use of Restraints by Canadians, TP 3593E March 1982
- Dawson, N.E. Jonah, B.A. Attitudes Towards and the Use of Child Restraints in Canada Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the American Association for Automotive Medicine Ottawa, Canada October 4-6 1982
- Statistisearch, An Analysis of Seat Belt Usage in Ontario May 1978 Ontario Ministry of Transportation and Communications October 1978
- Statistisearch, Seat Belt Usage and Driver Attitude Ontario Ministry of Transportation and Communications May 1981
- Shiels, A.C. Saskatchewan Kids Get Belted Proceedings of the International Symposium on Occupant Restraint Toronto, Canada June 1-3 1981
- Stulginskas, J.V. Pless, I.B. The Effects of a Seatbelt Law on Child Restraint Use American Journal of Diseases in Children
- Williams, A.F. Zador, P. Injuries to Children in Automobiles in Relation to Seating Position and Restraint Use Accident Analysis and Prevention 9 1977
- Garvin, G. Children in Injury Level Accidents Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of the American Association for Automotive Medicine Atlanta, Georgia November 1-3 1976
- Scherz, R.G. Fatal Motor Vehicle Accidents of Children Passengers from Birth Through 4 Years of Age in Washington State Pediatrics 68 4 1981
- Knoop, J.C. Costenoble, K. Ball, J.T. Northrop, G.M. Statistical Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Child Restraints Center for the Environment and Man September 1980
- Jonah, B.A. Grant, B.A. Long Term Effectiveness of Selective Traffic Enforcement Programmes for Increasing Seat Belt Use Road Safety and Motor Vehicle Regulation, TMRU 8302 June 1983