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Automotive Fuels — Refinery Energy and Economics
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1980 by SAE International in United States
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Automotive manufacturers need information on refinery energy use and economics to identify the engine(s) that achieve maximum, vehicle miles from limited petroleum resources. To provide this information, we modeled a modern refinery producing varying amounts of automotive diesel fuel and producing gasolines covering a wide range in octane quality.
Refinery energy consumption averages about 8% of the crude input. It declines slightly with increasing diesel fuel production and rises slightly with increasing gasoline octane number. However, differences in fuel energy utilization among engines are much larger than the variations in refinery energy use. When engine effects are considered, 7 to 8% more vehicle miles per barrel of crude could be achieved with gasoline having an Antiknock Index of 88–90 RM/2 and with maximum use of diesel vehicles.
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CitationLawrence, D., Plautz, D., Keller, B., and Wagner, T., "Automotive Fuels — Refinery Energy and Economics," SAE Technical Paper 800225, 1980, https://doi.org/10.4271/800225.
- Wagner T. O. Russum L. W. “Optimum Octane Number for Unleaded Gasoline” SAE Paper 730552 May 1973
- Wagner T. O. “Economics of Manufacturing Automotive Diesel Fuel” SAE Paper 770758 September 1977
- Unzelman G. H. Michalski G. W. “Fuel Supply for the 1980's - at the Crossroads” Presented at the 21st Annual API Automotive/Petroleum Industry Forum January 1980
- Corner E. S. Cunningham A. R. “Value of High Octane Number Unleaded Gasoline in the U. S.” Presented to the Division of Water, Air, and Waste Chemistry American Chemical Society 1971