This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Automotive Sulfate Emissions-A Baseline Study
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 1, 1977 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
A baseline testing program was designed and implemented by EPA wherein 78 vehicles were tested in 5 laboratories. The objectives of this study were to 1) obtain sulfate emission factors on a wide variety of different in-use vehicles using current and advanced emission control methods, and 2) determine the effect on sulfate emissions of vehicles meeting increasingly stringent gaseous emissions standards. The program was designed such that the vehicles were divided into the following classes: 1) production non-catalyst vehicles, 2) production catalyst vehicles - grouped according to emissions standards, 3) advanced non-catalyst vehicles, 4) advanced catalyst vehicles, and 5) fleet vehicles.
CitationSomers, J., Garbe, R., Lawrence, R., and Baines, T., "Automotive Sulfate Emissions-A Baseline Study," SAE Technical Paper 770166, 1977, https://doi.org/10.4271/770166.
- Gentel James E., Manary Otto J., and Valenta Joseph C., “Characterization of Particulates and Other Non-regulated Emissions from Mobile Sources and the Effects of Exhaust Emission Control Devices on these Emissions,” Final Report EPA Contract EHS 70-101 with Dow Chemical Co., March 1973.
- Pierson William R., Hammerle Robert H., and Kummer Joseph T., “Sulfuric Acid Aerosol Emissions from Catalyst-Equipped Engines,” SAE Paper 740287, February 1974; SAE Transactions 83, 1233 (1975).
- Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association Fuel Survey, Summer Season, October 1975.
- Shelton Ella Mae, “Motor Gasolines, Summer 1975”, Bartlesville Energy Research Center, Energy Research and Development Administration Summer 1975.
- Memo from Garbe Robert J. to DeKany John P., “Gasoline Sulfur Levels for Summer 1975”, February 11, 1976.
- Memo from Garbe Robert J. to DeKany John P., “Gasoline Sulfur Levels for Winter 1975”, June 9, 1976.
- Supplement No. 5 for “Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors, Second Edition,” Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Waste Management Publication AP-42, December 1975.
- Holt E. L., Bachman K. C., Leppard W. R., Wigg E. E., and Somers J. H., “Control of Automotive Sulfate Emissions,” SAE Paper 750683, June 1975.
- Begeman C. R., Jackson M. W., and Nebel George J., “Sulfate Emissions from Catalyst Equipped Automobiles,” SAE Paper 741060, October 1974.
- Trayser D. A., Blosser E. R., Creswick F. A., and Pierson W. R., “Sulfuric Acid and Nitrate Emissions from Oxidation Catalysts,” SAE Paper 750091, February 1975.
- Somers J. H., Lawrence R., Fett C. E., Baines T. M., and Garbe R. J., “Sulfuric Acid Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles,” SAE Paper 760034, February 1976.
- Bradow Ronald L. and Moran John B., “Sulfate Emissions from Catalyst Cars - A Review,” SAE Paper 750090, February 1975.
- Hunter Joseph E., “Studies of Catalyst Degradation in Automotive Emission Control Systems,” SAE Paper 720122, January 1972.
- Holt E. L., Bachman K. C., Leppard W. R., and Wigg E. E., Exxon Research and Engineering Company, and Somers J. H., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency “Control of Automotive Sulfate Emissions,” SAE 750683 June, 1975.
- Hammerle R. H. and Mikkor M. “Some Phenomena which Control Sulfuric Acid Emissions from Automotive Catalysts,” SAE Paper 750097, February 1975.
- Federal Register, Volume 37, No. 221, Part 85, Page 24319, November 15, 1972.
- Herling Robert R., Final Report Task 7 of Contract No. 68-03-0452.
- “A Survey of Average Driving Patterns in Six Urban Areas of the United States,” Final Report on Coordinating Research Council Contract and EPA Contract (PH-22-68-66) with Systems Development Corporation, January 29, 1971.
- Passenger Car Fuel Economy - Dynamometer versus Trace versus Road,” Report 76-1 TCA by Technology Assessment and Evaluation Branch of Emission Control Technology Division of Office of Mobile Source Air Pollution Control EPA, August 1975.
- Letter from Fisher T. M. to DeKany John P., December 1, 1975.
- Ford Motor Company Report to EPA, “Light Duty Vehicle Sulfuric Acid Emission Control Status,” September 2, 1975.
- Tejada Silvestre, Sigsby John E., and Karches William, “Intra-laboratory Comparison of Procedures for Analyzing Sulfate Emissions,” EPA-ORD; ESRL Report.
- Pierson William R., Hammerle Robert H., Brachaczek Wanda W., Sulfate Formed by Interaction of Sulfur Dioxide with Filters and Aersol Deposits,” Analytical Chemistry Vol. 48, pg 1808, October 1976.
- Letter from Begeman Charles R. to Lawrence Richard, April 22, 1976.
- Letter from Garbe Robert J. to Holt Eugene L., March 11, 1976.
- Memo from Garbe R. J. to Record, “Silver Ion Exchange for Removing interferences of Br-, Cl- and F- from Barium Chloranilate Procedure for Sulfate Determination”, June 8, 1976.
- Bradow R. L. and King Roy G., “Sulfate Sampling System Development,” Internal EPA Report, December 4, 1975.
- Letter from Fisher T. M. to DeKany John P., October 31, 1975.
- Letter from Elder C. J. to Lawrence Richard, October 26, 1976.
- Beltzer M., Campion R. J., Petersen W. L., “Measurement of Vehicle Particulate Emissions,” SAE Paper 740286, February 1974.
- Krause B., Bouffard R. A., Karmilovich T., and Kayle E. L., “Critical Factors Affecting Automotive Sulfate Emissions,” SAE Paper 760091, February 1975.