This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Environmental Carbon Dioxide Control
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1974 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
ENVIRONMENTAL CARBON DIOXIDE CONTROL
by Michael Onischak, Energy Research Corp, Bethel, Conn.
A study of environmental carbon dioxide control for NASA EVA missions found solid potassium carbonate to be an effective regenerable absorbent in maintaining low carbon dioxide levels. The supported sorbent was capable of repeated regeneration below 150°C without appreciable degradation.
Optimum structures in the form of thin pliable sheets of carbonate, inert support and binder were developed. Interpretation of a new solid-gas pore closing model helped predict the optimum sorbent and analysis of individual sorbent sheet performance in a thin rectangular channel sorber can predict packed bed performance.
CitationOnischak, M., Baker, B., and Gidaspow, D., "Environmental Carbon Dioxide Control," SAE Technical Paper 740931, 1974, https://doi.org/10.4271/740931.
- Gidaspow, D. and Onischak, M., “Regenerative Sorption of CO2,” AIChE. Symp. Ser., 68, No. 120, p 116-23 (1972).
- Onischak, M. and Gidaspow, D., “Separation of Gaseous Mixtures by Regenerative Sorption on Porous Solids: Part II. Regenerative Separation of CO2” in “Recent Developments in Separation Science” Vol. II, p 71-93, Li Norman, editor, Chemical Rubber Co., Cleveland (1972).
- Onischak, M., “Kinetics of Regenerative Gas-Solid Reaction in Environmental Control,” PhD Thesis, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, May, 1972.
- Gidaspow, D. and Baker, B., “A Model for Discharge of Storage Batteries,” J. Electrochem Soc., 120, No. 8, p 1005-10, (1973).
- Weisz, P. B., and Goodwin, R. B., “Combustion of Carbonaceous Deposits within Porous Catalyst Particles. II. Intrinsic Burning Rate,” J. Catalysis 6, p 227-235 (1966).
- Squires, A. M., Graff R. A. and Pell Melvyn, “Desulfurization of Fuels with Calcined Dolomite. I. Introduction and First Kinetic Results,” Chem. Eng. Progr. Symp. Ser. 67, No. 115, p 23-24 (1971).
- Gidaspow, D., “Green's Functions for the Graetz Problem and Interfacial Concentrations,” AIChE J., 17, p 19-24 (1971).
- Katz, S., “Chemical Reactions Catalyzed on a Tube Wall” Chem. Eng. Sci., 10, p 202-11 (1959).
- Cowherd, C. and Hoelscher, H. E., “Kinetics of Fast Interfacial Reactions in Laminar Tube Flow, ” I.E.C. Fundamentals, 4, p 707-13 September (1964).
- Leung, L. and Gidaspow, D., “Design of Reaction Controlled Sorbers for Environmental Control,” presented at the AIChE 66th Annual Meeting in the Symposium on “Applications of Adsorption Technology in Environmental Control”, Nov., 1973, Philadelphia.
- Onischak, M. and Baker, B., “Carbon Dioxide Adsorbent Study,” report to NASA Ames Research Center, NASA CR-114661, Sept., 1973.
- Gidaspow, D., “A Fluid-Porous Solid Reaction Model with Structural Changes,” 7th IECEC Meeting Proceedings, San Diego, Calif. Sept. (1972), also in “Separation of Gaseous Mixtures by Regenerative Sorption on Porous Solids. Part I, in “Recent Development in Separation Science” Li N. N., ed., Vol. II, p 59-70, Chemical Rubber Co. Cleveland (1972).