This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
A Look at V/STOL for Business Aircraft
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1972 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
This paper addresses the three questions: “Is V/STOL capability economically viable for business aircraft, and if so, how does the viability depend on the aircraft concept?”; “How is a V/STOL concept chosen to match a given mission, and what are some of the promising V/STOL concepts for future business aircraft?”; and “What unique operational requirements are likely to be imposed on users of future V/STOL business aircraft?”
A cost-benefit analysis is presented which indicates that a VTOL business aircraft would be more viable economically than a contemporary turbine-powered business aircraft. The combinations of traveler's time value and trip distance for which each aircraft dominates is shown. A discussion is presented on the significance of disc loading as it relates to V/STOL concept application. Preliminary design configuration studies for three different business-aircraft-sized V/STOLs, using three concepts covering a range of disc loading, are presented as examples. A discussion of operational aspects of interest to future users of V/STOL business aircraft by a NASA test pilot with VTOL research aircraft experience is centered around the requirements for routine IFR terminal area operations.
|Technical Paper||A Perspective on the First Century of Vertical Flight|
|Technical Paper||Lift Engines — Applied History|
CitationFeistel, T., Stewart, E., Gerdes, R., and Smith, K., "A Look at V/STOL for Business Aircraft," SAE Technical Paper 720334, 1972, https://doi.org/10.4271/720334.
- , “NASA Conference on V/STOL Aircraft, Langley Field, 1960-A Compilation of the Papers Presented.” NASA, November 1960.
- , “Conference on V/STOL and STOL Aircraft.” NASA SP-116, 1966.
- , “Move to the Cities.” Flight Magazine, January 1970.
- Harned M., “Thoughts on Business Aircraft in the 1980s.” Professional Pilot, February 1970.
- Siekman P., “The Plane That Could Teach An Industry to Fly.” Fortune, April 1971.
- Smith, K. R. Jr. and Belina F. W., Forthcoming NASA CR, by The Aerospace Corp. under Contract NASA 2-6473 to NASA, Ames Research Center.
- Kahn J. T., “V/STOL Airline System Simulation.” AIAA Paper No. 67-841, 1967.
- , “Recommendations for Northeast Corridor Transportation.” Vols. 1-3, U.S. Dept. of Transportation, May 1971.
- Drake H. M., Kenyon G. C., and Galloway T. L., “Mission Analysis for General Aviation in the 1970s.” AIAA Paper No. 69-818, 1969.
- Kenyon G. C., Galloway T. L., and Drake H. M., “An Economic Analysis of Future Short-Haul Transportation.” NASA TM X-2228, 1971.
- , “Some Thoughts About the Merits of Owning a Business Jet.” Gates Learjet Contrails, Vol. 4, No. 1 (May 1971), pp. 4, 5.
- Wick B. H. and Kuhn R. A., “Turbofan STOL Research at NASA.” Astronautics and Aeronautics, Vol. 9, No. 5, May 1971.
- Middlebrooks J. E., Tinney H. C., and Whittley D. C., “The Evolutionary Development and Current Status of the Augmentor Wing Concept.” Paper 700812 presented at National Aeronautics and Space Engineering and Manufacturing Meeting, Los Angeles, October 1970.
- Loftin, L. K. Jr. and McKinney, M. D. Jr., “NASA Aerodynamic Research Applicable to Business Aircraft.” Paper 710378 presented at SAE National Business Aircraft Meeting, Wichita, Kans., March 1971.
- Chatham G. N., “Toward Aircraft of the 1980s.” Astronautics & Aeronautics, July 1968, p. 26.
- Rosen G., “Filling the Propulsion Gaps.” Space/Aeronautics, May 1970, p. 31.
- Hafner R., “The Domain of the Convertible Rotor.” AIAA Preprint No. 63-483, 1963.
- Hurkamp C. H., Johnston W. M., and Wilson J. H., “Technology Assessment of Advanced General Aviation Aircraft.” NASA CR-114339, 1971.
- DeTore J. A., “Lift/Propulsion System Size-Selection Considerations for Stoppable Rotor VTOL Aircraft.” Presented at Air Force V/STOL Tech. and Planning Conf., Las Vegas, Nev., Sept. 23-25, 1969.
- Wernicke K. G. and Edenborough H. K., “Full-Scale Proprotor Development.” AHS Preprint No. 501, May 1971.
- Quigley H. C. and Koenig D. G., “The Effect of Blade Flapping on the Dynamic Stability of A Tilting-Rotor Convertiplane.” NASA TN D-778, 1961.
- Kelley H. L., Reeder J. P., and Champine R. A., “Summary of a Flight-Test Evaluation of the CL-84 Tilt-Wing V/STOL Aircraft.” NASA TM X-1914, 1970.
- Worobel R. and Mayo M. G., “Advanced General Aviation Propeller Study.” NASA CR 114289, 1971.
- Hickey D. H. and Cook W. L., “Aerodynamics of V/STOL Aircraft Powered by Lift Fans.” CP 22, AGARD, Paper No. 15, 1967.
- Kirk J. V., Hall L. P., and Hodder B. K., “Aerodynamics of Lift Fan V/STOL Aircraft.” NASA TM X-62,086, 1971.
- Finnestead R., Ferrell K., Welter W., and Anderson W., “Engineering Flight Research Evaluation of the XV-5A Lift Fan Aircraft.” USAAVNTA Project No. 62-72, U.S. Army Aviation Test Activity, Edwards AFB, Calif., August 1966.
- Gerdes R. M. and Hynes C. S., “Factors Affecting Handling Qualities of a Lift-Fan Aircraft During Steep Terminal Area Approaches.” AHS Preprint No. 544, 27th Annual National V/STOL Forum, Washington, D.C., May 1971.
- , “V/STOL Handling I-Criteria and Discussion.” NATO AGARD Report No. 577-70, 1970.
- Novak L. R., “A Low Risk Approach to Development of a Quiet V/STOL Transport Aircraft.” AIAA Paper No. 70-1409, presented at 7th Annual Meeting of AIAA, Houston, Texas, Oct. 19-22, 1970.
- Bland A. M., “Fan Propulsion System Influence on VTOL Transport Design.” Presented at 7th Propulsion Joint Specialist Conf. at the AIAA and SAE, Salt Lake City, Utah, June 14-18, 1971.
- Person L., Morello S. A., Holzhauser C. A., and Gerdes R. M., “Operational Aspects of V/STOL Instrument Approaches.” NASA SP 270 (1971), p. 233.
- Greif R. K., Fry E. B., Gerdes R. M., and Gossett T. D., “VTOL Control System Studies on a 6 Degree-of-Freedom Motion Simulator.” ICAS paper No. 66-9, 5th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences, London, England, September 1966.
- Innis R. C., Holzhauser C. A., and Quigley H. C., “Airworthiness Considerations for STOL Aircraft.” NASA TN D-5594, 1970.
- Kelley J. R., Niessen F. R., and Sommer R. W., “Evaluation of a VTOL Flight-Director Concept During Constant-Speed Instrument Approaches.” NASA TN D-5860, 1970.
- Gracey W., Sommer R. W., and Tibbs D. F., “Evaluation of a Moving Map Instrument Display in Landing Approaches with a Helicopter.” NASA TN D-3986, 1967.