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New Methods for Rating, Predicting, and Alleviating the Slipperiness of Airport Runways
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1970 by SAE International in United States
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The age of jumbo jets and supersonic aircraft begins in the 1970s. These new aircraft will be considerably more expensive and capable of carrying many more passengers than the aircraft they replace. New methods for rating, predicting, and alleviating the slipperiness of airport runways are required to reduce the possibility of costly and even catastrophic accidents occurring to these and other aircraft on slippery runways.
For the past year, the USAF and NASA have been conducting a cooperative runway research program on runways in the United States and Europe. The slipperiness of over 40 runways having different surface treatments has been rated under dry, wet, slush, snow, and ice conditions by means of an instrumented four-engine jet transport and an instrumented automobile.
It is shown that measurement of the stopping distance of a diagonal-braked automobile provides a meaningful measure of the slipperiness of a wet runway and permits accurate prediction of the stopping distance of an aircraft, as well as realistic calculation of crosswind limitations. It is also shown that stopping distance on a wet runway can be considerably improved either by grooving the runway or by use of a porous surface course.
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CitationHorne, W. and Sparks, H., "New Methods for Rating, Predicting, and Alleviating the Slipperiness of Airport Runways," SAE Technical Paper 700265, 1970, https://doi.org/10.4271/700265.
- “Pavement Grooving and Traction Studies.” NASA SP-5073 1969
- Leland Trafford J. W. Yager Thomas J. Joyner Upshur T. “Effects of Pavement Texture on Wet-Runway Braking Performance.” 1968
- “Handling Characteristics on Ice of Various Size Passenger Cars and Light Commercial Vehicles.” Report on 1959 Winter Test Program Clintonville, Wisconsin Committee on Winter Driving Hazards, National Safety Council Chicago, Illinois
- Horne Walter B. Yager Thomas J. Taylor Glen R. “Review of Causes and Alleviation of Low Tire Traction on Wet Runways.” 1968
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