This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
The Abbreviated and the Comprehensive Research Injury Scales
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1969 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
A widely accepted injury scale is urgently needed by medical engineering automotive accident investigation teams. An informal committee of physicians, engineers and other researchers has developed two scales.
The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) combines and details several existing scales including the DeHaven-Cornell scale, the commonly used police scale, and others. Injuries which are usually not fatal are rated with a 1 to 5 scale. Several scaling criteria were combined but with varying weights to establish the AIS rankings.
The Comprehensive Research Injury Scale (CRIS) was developed to separate the criteria used in injury scaling. Five separate criteria are used: Energy Dissipation (ED), Threat-To-Life (TL), Permanent Impairment (PI), Treatment Period (TP), and Incidence (IN). The ED scale ranks energy dissipation in injury production, and will be of major value to vehicle designers concerned with human tolerance for injury. TL and PI, in part, scale the economic effects of the injury.
Anthropometric measurements easily determined by physicians are included in the AIS. Weight, height, total leg length, and tibial length are recorded. From this data, sitting height, knee height, and hip-to-knee distances may be determined.
CitationStates, J., "The Abbreviated and the Comprehensive Research Injury Scales," SAE Technical Paper 690810, 1969, https://doi.org/10.4271/690810.
- DeHaven H. “The Site, Frequency and Dangerousness of Injury Sustained by 800 Survivors of Light Plane Accidents.” Crash Injury Research, Dept. of Public Health, Cornell Univ. Medical College New York July 1952
- Roberston J. S. McLean J. A. Ryan G. A. “Traffic Accidents in Adelaide, South Australia.” Melbourne Australian Road Research Board, Special Report No. 1 1966
- Nahum A. Siegel H. W. Hight P. V. “Injuries to Rear Seat Occupants in Automobile Collisions.” Proceedings of the Eleventh Stapp Car Crash Conference New York Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc 1967
- States J. States D. “The Pathology and Pathogenesis of Injuries Caused by Lateral Impact Accidents.” Proceedings of the Twelfth Stapp Car Crash Conference New York Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc 1968
- Ryan G. A. Garrett J. W. “A Quantitative Scale of Impact Injury.” Cornell Aeronautical Lab., Inc., No. VJ-1823-R34 October 1968
- Van Kirk D. J. Lange W. A. “A Detailed Injury Scale for Accident Investigation.” Proceedings of the Twelfth Stapp Car Crash Conference New York Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc 1968
- Mackay M. C. “Injury and Collision Severity.” Proceedings of the Twelfth Stapp Car Crash Conference New York Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc 1968
- Campbell E. O. Traffic Injury Research Foundation Ottawa, Ont. Personal communication
- “Battle Casualties in Korea - Studies of Surgical Research Team.” Washington, D.C. Walter Reed Army Medical Center 1 1956 175 177
- Kistapps J. Keggi reported in Medical Tribune Mar. 20 1969
- Bouzarth W. F. “Neurosurgical Watch Sheet for Craniocerebral Trauma.” Jrl. of Trauma 8 1968 29 31
- Swearingen J. J. “The Tolerance of the Human Face to Crash Impact.” FAA, Office of Aviation Medicine, Civil Aeronautical Research Institute Oklahoma City 65-20 July 1965
- Patrick L. Personal communication.