This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Biomechanical Analysis of Knee Impact
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1969 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
This program of investigation was conducted to determine the nature and magnitude of the physical parameters which most significantly affect the degree of trauma produced by impact to the knee. Drop weight testing of unembalmed cadaver limbs utilizing a load cell to record forces and high-speed motion pictures to follow the kinematics of impact were the experimental techniques used.
The principal results were:
Movement of the leg and deflection of the flow are very significant in reducing the energy absorbed by the knee and hence the trauma produced.
The severity of trauma produced depends on both the impact energy absorbed and the peak forces generated. As the impact energy absorbed increases, the tolerance peak forces drop.
Finally, consideration is given to the application of these results to improving transportation safety and to methods for evaluating such improvements.
CitationCooke, F. and Nagel, D., "Biomechanical Analysis of Knee Impact," SAE Technical Paper 690800, 1969, https://doi.org/10.4271/690800.
- Modern Medicine Jan. 15 1968
- Gurdjian E. S. et al. “Mechanism of Head Injury.” Clin. Neuro., 12 1964 112 128
- Gurdjian E. S. et al. “High Speed Cinephotographic Study of the Position and Motions of the Head at Impact.” Trans. Am. Neurol. Assoc 90 1965 158 161
- “Response of the Seated Human Cadaver to Acceleration and Jerk with and without Seat Cushions.” Human Factors 5 October 1963 505 523
- Kulowski J. “Fractures of the Shaft of the Femur Resulting from Automobile Accidents.” Jrl. Int. Coll. Surg. 42 October 1964 412 420
- Kawase M. “Physicodynamic Studies on the Bone Fracture Impact.” Japan Jrl. Leg. Med 19 July 1965 284 299
- McElhaney J. “Effect of Embalming on the Mechanical Properties of Beef Bone.” Jrl. Appl. Physiol 19 November 1964 1234 1236
- Sedlin E. D. Hirsch C. “Factors Affecting the Determination of the Physical Properties of Femoral Cortical Bone.” Acta Orth. Scand 37 1 1966 p. 24
- Lissner H. R. Roberts V. L. “Studies of the Anatomy and Function Bone and Joints.” Ed. F. G. Evans “Evaluation of Skeletal Impacts of Human Cadavers.” 1966 p. 113
- Metals Handbook, 1948 Edition American Society for Metals Cleveland, Ohio