This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Some Factors Contributing to Head and Neck Injuries During Whole Body Impact Using Guinea Pig Subjects in ±Gx Orientations
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1968 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Various modes of head support systems were studied in conjunction with optimum body containment by exposing guinea pigs to abrupt deceleration in the ±Gx orientations. Nonsurvivability and the incidence of cerebral hemorrhage were used as indexes of impact tolerance. The effects of impacts up to 600 G were studied at entrance velocities of 40, 60, and 80 ft/sec. The head support system evolved from a thin, flat pad of resilient foam to a contoured, nonresilient foam support. As the head support system improved there was a general increase in survivability and a decrease in the incidence of cerebral hemorrhage until high G levels were reached where no additional protection seemed achievable.
CitationLombard, C., Robbins, W., and Potter, G., "Some Factors Contributing to Head and Neck Injuries During Whole Body Impact Using Guinea Pig Subjects in ±Gx Orientations," SAE Technical Paper 680787, 1968, https://doi.org/10.4271/680787.
- Haddon, W. Jr., et al. “Accident Research: Methods and Approaches.” New York Harper and Row 1964 546
- DeHaven, H. “Mechanical Analysis of Survival in Falls from Heights of Fifty to One Hundred and Fifty Feet.” War Medicine Vol., 34 1963 695
- Stapp, J. P. et al. “Analysis and Biodynamics of Selected Rocket-Sled Experiments.” USAF School of Aerospace Medicine Aerospace Medical Division (AFSC), Brooks AF Base Texas July 1964
- Eiband, A. M. “Human Tolerance to Rapidly Applied Accelerations, A Summary of the Literature.” NASA Memorandum No. 5-19-59E June 1959
- Komhauser, M. et al. “Applications of the Impact Sensitivity Method to Animate Structure Impact Acceleration Stress.” Publication 977 33 334 National Academy of Sciences—National Research Council Washington, D.C.
- Snyder, R. C. “Human Tolerance to Extreme Impacts in Free Falls,” Aerospace Medicine Vol. 34 1963 965
- Gurdjian E. C. Webster, J. E. “Head Injuries.” Boston Little, Brown and Co. 1958
- Caveness Wm. F. Walker, A. E. “Head Injury.” Conference Proceedings Philadelphia J. B. Lippincott Co. 1966
- Rowbotham, G. F. “Acute Injuries of the Head: Their Diagnosis, Complications, and Sequele.” Baltimore Williams & Wilkins 1964 4th ed.
- Evans, J. P. “Acute Head Injury.” Springfield, III Charles C Thomas 1963 2nd ed.
- Gurdjian, E. S. et al. “The Position and Motions of the Head at Impact.” Eighth Stapp Car Crash Conference Proceedings Detroit Wayne State University Press 1964
- Friede, R. L. “Specific Cord Damage at the Atlas Level as a Pathogenic Mechanism in Cerebral Concussion.” Jrl. of Neuropath. Exp. Neurol. Vol. 19 April 1960 266 279
- Ommaya, A. K. et al. “The Role of Whiplash in Cerebral Concussion.” Tenth Stapp Car Crash Conference Proceedings New York Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. 1966
- Ommaya, A. K. et al. “Scaling of Experimental Data on Cerebral Concussion in Sub-Human Primates to Concussion Threshold for Man.” Eleventh Stapp Car Crash Conference Proceedings New York Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. 1967
- Martinez J. L. et al. “The Whiplash Injury—A Study of Head-Neck Action and Injuries in Animals.” Paper 65-WA/HUF-6 presented at Human Factors Division, ASME Meeting Chicago November 1965
- Lombard, C. F. et al. “Voluntary Tolerance of the Human to Impact Accelerations of the Head.” Jrl. of Aviation Medicine Vol. 22 April 1951 109
- Lombard, C. F. et al. “Impact Tolerance of Guinea Pigs Related to Orientation and Containment.” Aerospace Medicine Vol. 35 1964 1
- Lombard, C. F. et al. “Pathology and Physiology of Guinea Pigs Under Selected Conditions of Impact and Support-Restraint.” Aerospace Medicine Vol. 35 1964 860
- Lombard, C. F. et al. “The Influence of Orientation and Support-Restraint Upon Survival from Impact Acceleration.” ARL-TR-66-20 November 1966
- Lombard C. F. Advani, S. H. “Impact Protection by Isovolumetric Containment of the Torso.” Tenth Stapp Car Crash Conference Proceedings New York Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. 1966
- Robbins, W. A. et al. “The Influence of Support-Restraint in Survival From ± G x and + G x Impacts Using an LD50 Criterion with Guinea Pig Subjects.” Paper presented at 39th Annual Scientific Meeting Aerospace Medical Association 1968