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A New Crash Simulator and Biomechanics Research Program
Published October 21, 1964 by Wayne State University in United States
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A new full-scale crash simulator is being employed in a biomechanics research program for establishing quantitative specifications for human tolerance to impact forces. Intact, fully articulated human cadavers are used as test subjects. Design capacity of the facility is a 40 mph barrier-type collision. A test sled equipped with load cell supported impact targets and carrying a seated cadaver subject is accelerated pneumatically, released, and arrested at collision-level decelerations. Impact forces at the knee and chest are recorded, and X-ray surveillance for skeletal damage is conducted. In a current study of instrument-panel type knee-impact situations, normal femurs in embalmed male cadavers 50–75 years of age fractured at loads of 1500 pounds and greater.
CitationKROELL, C. and PATRICK, L., "A New Crash Simulator and Biomechanics Research Program," SAE Technical Paper 640851, 1964, https://doi.org/10.4271/640851.
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