Fuel Cells - 1963
Published January 1, 1964 by SAE International in United States
Annotation of this paper is available
During the past year, considerable strides have been made toward fuel cell hardware and NASA’s Gemini and Apollo projects; work on the LEM or “bug” fuel cell is in the early stages. United States Government efforts directed at systems other than hydrogen-oxygen, primarily through the Dept. of Defense, are approaching the hardware stage via (1) reforming of hydrocarbons and their derivatives, and ammonia; (2) direct use of alcohol in low-temperature fuel cells; (3) direct use of hydrocarbons in intermediate-temperature fuel cells; (4) gasification of coal and use in high-temperature fuel cells. Commercial applications of fuel cells appear to be many years in the future, and areas of potential usefulness of fuel cells in the civilian economy are not clearly defined at present.