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The origin of EV-crucial minerals

  • Magazine Article
  • 22AUTP04_08
Published April 01, 2022 by SAE International in United States
  • English

What minerals are used uniquely in the manufacture of electric vehicles? Is the U.S. self-sufficient in these minerals, or does it rely on imports? And if the latter, what are the source countries? These questions are addressed in the two tables below.

Table 1 (top) lists the minerals used in a typical electric car and a typical IC-engine conventional car. The data are from the International Energy Agency []. Importantly, they are applicable for cars and not for vehicles in general, and they are not specifically tailored to the cars made in the U.S. (Note that the relative weight does not necessarily correspond to each mineral's relative importance.)