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Localization of Hydrogen Fuel Generation from Urine
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published March 08, 2021 by SAE International in United States
Abstract Energy demand in almost all sectors has been increasing and the consumption has not matched the ever-increasing requirement hence the need to explore the alternative source of energy to implement in our stratum has become the topmost urgency. Hydrogen production, storage, distribution, and utilization ca be proposed as a long-term solution for a secure energy future. Currently, there are around 1.4 billion vehicles on the road and the numbers are increasing day by day. This has mainly led to severe air pollution and other associated problems. Hydrogen is a clean alternative fuel that can reduce the air pollution, noise pollution, etc. in automotive sector. But as of now Hydrogen is mostly used in oil refining and production of fertilizers. For it to make a contribution to clean energy, it also needs to be adopted in other sectors. These elements have been the subject of intense research for decades; however, the development of a viable safe and efficient strategy for the storage of hydrogen remains the most challenging. This Paper focuses on the possibility of extraction of hydrogen from Human Waste (Urine) and Localization of Hydrogen Production in small-scale i.e., individual household or housing society. The paper also attempts to show a practical layout of various processes and stages which could facilitate the conversion of urea into hydrogen molecules. Urine's major constituent is urea, which incorporates four hydrogen atoms per molecule - importantly, less tightly bonded than the hydrogen atoms in water molecules, so it’s easy to extract hydrogen than that in hydrolysis. This paper attempts to find the better ways of extracting hydrogen from urine with use of UDDTs and storage of hydrogen gas in small scale. The design is compact, user-friendly, sustainable and is mostly based on domestic use.