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Predictive Maintenance of Commercial Vehicle Brakes using Acoustic Monitoring
ISSN: 2641-9637, e-ISSN: 2641-9645
Published October 11, 2021 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Hearing, B., Alden, A., and Grove, K., "Predictive Maintenance of Commercial Vehicle Brakes using Acoustic Monitoring," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 4(3):968-972, 2022, https://doi.org/10.4271/2021-01-1280.
This study evaluated the performance of a new approach for detecting problems with commercial vehicle brakes based on the analysis of sounds emitted during braking. Commercial vehicle brakes emit ultrasonic energy inaudible to humans as part of the friction process, and the spectral distribution of these sounds is highly dependent on the mechanical condition of the brakes. Data collected from a commercial vehicle fleet found that the acoustic signature changes as friction linings wear. This conforms with the acoustic theory that the resonant frequency of an object increases with its decrease in mass. The use of this information to inform maintenance operations is promising in that the scheduling of visual brake inspections could be based on acoustic wear patterns rather than arbitrary time intervals and the observation of anomalous signals that might indicate more immediate concerns. This could reduce maintenance labor and address issues more quickly as compared to visual inspections based on time intervals.