This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Heat Pump for BEVs: Architectures and Performance Analysis
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published June 30, 2020 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
Electric vehicles have never been more popular, yet fears around being left stranded by an exhausted battery remain a key reason why some car buyers resist making a purchase. Bigger batteries are not always the solution because of the direct link with higher costs and high impact on weight. A re-engineering of the most energy-consuming auxiliaries is mandatory and the thermal management function is on top of the redesign request list. Heat pump solutions are considered one of the best options to save energy and reduce the impact on vehicle range of heating and cooling functions, but the automotive application requires a careful definition of the system features to avoid unjustified increase of complexity as well as an unneeded system oversizing. The paper aims to give an overview on heat pump design best practices through a virtual performance comparison of different lay-out configurations, which have been selected starting from a benchmark analysis crossed with a detailed vehicle segment-oriented functions selection. Control strategies role, costs, and target requirements have been used as drivers for a proper solution design as well as major constraints for the final solution selection, which cannot be considered as a unique winner.
CitationFerraris, W., Bettoja, F., Casella, M., Rostagno, M. et al., "Heat Pump for BEVs: Architectures and Performance Analysis," SAE Technical Paper 2020-37-0030, 2020.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 2]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 3]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 4]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 5]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 6]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 7]|
- “International Council on Clean Transportation, ” https://theicct.org/chart-library-passenger-vehicle-fuel-economy.
- “International Council on Clean Transportation Report,” hsttps://theicct.org/sites/default/files/publications/European_vehicle_market_statistics_20192020_20191216.pdf.
- Hesse, U. and Valeo, Z. , “Results from CO2 Heat Pump Applications”, in SAE 2000 Automotive Alternative Refrigerant Systems Symposium, Presentation2002.
- Benouali, J., Gardie, P., Beauvis, R., Delaforge, L., Porto, M., and Petitjean, C. , “Heat Pump Architectures for Electrified Cars,” in SAE 2012 World Congress, presentation 12TMS-0001, 2012.
- Hunemorder, W., Kakehashi, N., and Inui, K. , “CO2 Heat Pump with Electrical Compressor,” in VDA Alternative Refrigerant Wintermeeting, Presentation, 2003.
- Higuchi, Y., Kobayashi, H., Shan, Z., Kuwahara, M. et al. , “Efficient Heat Pump System for PHEV/BEV,” SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-0188, 2017, https://doi.org/10.4271/2017-01-0188.
- Antonijevic, D. and Heckt, R. , “Heat Pump Supplemental Heating System for Motor Vehicles, Proc Instn Mech Engrs,” 218(Part D):1111-1115, 2004.
- Wawzyniak, M. , “Benefits and Challenges of Heat Pump Systems,” in SAE 2011 Alternative Refrigerant Systems Symposium, Presentation 11AAR-0009, 2011.
- Wawzyniak, M. , “Vehicle Electrification - Opportunities and Challenges for HVAC Systems,” in SAE 2012 Thermal Management Systems Symposium, Presentation 12TMSS-0012, 2012.
- Kowsky, C., Wolfe, E., Leitzel, L., and Oddi, F. , “Unitary HPAC System,” SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 5(2):1016-1025, 2012, https://doi.org/10.4271/2012-01-1050.
- Musser, A. and Hrnjak, P.S. , “Mobile Heat Pump Exploration Using R445A and R744,” in International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference, Paper 1514, 2014.
- Vaghela, J.K. , “Comparative Evaluation of an Automobile Air - Conditioning System using R134a and its Alternative Refrigerants,” ScienceDirect Energy Procedia 109(2017):153-160, 2016.
- Steiner, A. and Mladek, A. , “Reducing the Energy Consumption for Comfort and Thermal Conditioning in EVs,” in 12th International Conference on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies (EVER), 2017.
- ISO 13043:2011 , “Preview - Road Vehicles -- Refrigerant Systems used in Mobile Air Conditioning Systems (MAC) -- Safety Requirements,” https://www.iso.org/standard/52449.html.
- OPTEMUS , http://www.optemus.eu/.
- Chowdhury, S., Leitzel, L., Zima, M., Santacesaria, M., Voytovich, J., Craig, T. (MAHLE Behr Troy Inc.), Khawaja, A., Govindarajalu, M. (FCA US LLC), “Integrated Thermal System (ITS) to Increase EV Driving Range”, SAE TMSS 2019, doc. 19TMSS-0041.