This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Experimental Investigation in Diesel Oxidation Catalyst by Developing a Novel Catalytic Materials for the Control of HC, CO and Smoke Emissions
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
To be published on September 25, 2020 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
Event: International Conference on Advances in Design, Materials, Manufacturing and Surface Engineering for Mobility
Diesel-powered engines are used worldwide for efficient transportation and stationary power generation. The significant drawback of a diesel engine is its harmful emissions. The stringent emission norms enforced by the different organization demands effective catalyst system to control the gaseous emissions. Diesel oxidation catalysts are the extensively used technique for diesel engines to control HC and CO emissions. Currently the catalyst in the diesel oxidation system employs precious metals such as Pt/Pd/Rh to reduce the emissions and makes the DOC system expensive. This paper presents a cost-effective catalyst prepared to employ non-noble mixed oxides of copper and nickel supported on non-conventional support (i.e.) ceria doped calcium borophosphates (Ce-SCaPB). Initially, ceramic beads (5mm X 5mm) were coated with (Ce-SCaPB) support material. Secondly, the copper and nickel salts were deposited on the Ce-SCaPB coated ceramic beads and subsequently reduced and calcined. The crystallinity and phase formation was studied using XRD technique and SEM image showed particle size ranging between 40 - 50 nm. These catalyst coated beads were loaded into the fabricated DOC reactor and was retrofitted into the tailpipe of the engine exhaust. The experimental emission testing was carried out in a single-cylinder diesel engine coupled with eddy current dynamometer. In engine testing, catalytic material are tested individually to evaluate his reduction percentage. The engine test was conducted under different engine loads (0-100%) and the emission readings were taken for each load. Uncertainty analysis is calculated for the results and the results showed a higher reduction in CO, HC and smoke emissions.
CitationMuthiya, S., Saravanan, I., Balachandran, G., and Raghavan, 1., "Experimental Investigation in Diesel Oxidation Catalyst by Developing a Novel Catalytic Materials for the Control of HC, CO and Smoke Emissions," SAE Technical Paper 2020-28-0458, 2020.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 2]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 3]|
- Parthiban, K., Pazhanivel, K., and Jenoris Muthiya, S. , “Emission Control in Multi-Cylinder Spark Ignition Engines Using Metal-Oxide Coated Catalytic Converter,” International Journal of Vehicle Structures & Systems 9(2):134, 2017.
- Quevauviller, P. , “Adapting to Climate Change: Reducing Water-Related Risks in Europe-EU Policy and Research Considerations,” Environmental Science & Policy 14(7):722-729, 2011.
- Muthiya, S.J., and Pachamuthu, S. , “Electrochemical NOx Reduction and Oxidation of HC and PM Emissions from Biodiesel Fuelled Diesel Engines Using Electrochemically Activated Cell,” International Journal of Green Energy 15(5):314-324, 2018.
- Subramaniam, M.K., Pachamuthu, S., Arulanandan, J., and Muthiya, J. , “Simultaneous Reduction of HC, NOx and PM by Using Active Regeneration Technique,” SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-0912, 2016, https://doi.org/10.4271/2016-01-0912.
- Maunula, T., Suopanki, A., Torkkell, K., and Härkönen, M. , “The Optimization of Light-Duty Diesel Oxidation Catalysts for Preturbo, Closed-Coupled and Underfloor Positions,” SAE Technical Paper 2004-01-3021, 2004, https://doi.org/10.4271/2004-01-3021.
- Winkler, A., Ferri, D., and Aguirre, M. , “The Influence of Chemical and Thermal Aging on the Catalytic Activity of a Monolithic Diesel Oxidation Catalyst,” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 93(1-2):177-184, 2009.
- Ishikawa, A., Komai, S.’i., Satsuma, A., Hattori, T. et al. , “Solid Superacid as the Support of a Platinum Catalyst for Low-Temperature Catalytic Combustion,” Applied Catalysis A: General 110(1):61-66, 1994.
- Yoshida, H., Yazawa, Y., Takagi, N., Satsuma, A. et al. , “XANES Study of the Support Effect on the State of Platinum Catalysts,” Journal of synchrotron radiation 6(3):471-473, 1999.
- Twigg, M. , “Roles of Catalytic Oxidation in Control of Vehicle Exhaust Emissions,” Catal. Today 117(4):407-418, 2006.
- Twigg, M.V. , “Roles of Catalytic Oxidation in Control of Vehicle Exhaust Emissions,” Catalysis Today 117(4):407-418, 2006.
- Webster, D.E. , “25 Years of Catalytic Automotive Pollution Control: A Collaborative Effort,” Topics in Catalysis 16(1-4):33-38, 2001.
- Watanabe, T., Kawashima, K., Tagawa, Y., Tashiro, K. et al. , “New DOC for Light Duty Diesel DPF System,” SAE Technical Paper 2007-01-1920, 2007, https://doi.org/10.4271/2007-01-1920.
- Lampert, J.K., Kazi, M.S., and Farrauto, R.J. , “Palladium Catalyst Performance for Methane Emissions Abatement from Lean Burn Natural Gas Vehicles,” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 14(3-4):211-223, 1997.
- Gelin, P., Urfels, L., Primet, M., and Tena, E. , “Complete Oxidation of Methane at Low Temperature Over Pt and Pd Catalysts for the Abatement of Lean-burn Natural Gas Fuelled Vehicles Emissions: Influence of Water and Sulphur Containing Compounds,” Catalysis Today 83(1-4):45-57, 2003.
- Mowery, D.L., Graboski, M.S., Ohno, T.R., and McCormick, R.L. , “Deactivation of PdO-Al2O3 Oxidation Catalyst in Lean-burn Natural Gas Engine Exhaust: Aged Catalyst Characterization and Studies of Poisoning by H2O and SO2,” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 21(3):157-169, 1999.
- El-Shobaky, H.G., and Fahmy, Y.M. , “Nickel Cuprate Supported on Cordierite as an Active Catalyst for CO Oxidation by O2,” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 63(3-4):168-177, 2006.
- Kline, S.J. , “Describing Uncertainty in Single Sample Experiments,” Mech. Engineering 75:3-8, 1953.
- Holman, J.P. , “Experimental Methods for Engineers,” 2001.
- Dhinesh, B., Lalvani, J.I.J.R., Parthasarathy, M., and Annamalai, K. , “An Assessment on Performance, Emission and Combustion Characteristics of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Powered by Cymbopogon Flexuosus Biofuel,” Energy Conversion and Management 117:466-474, 2016.
- Vigneswaran, R., Annamalai, K., Dhinesh, B., and Krishnamoorthy, R. , “Experimental Investigation of Unmodified Diesel Engine Performance, Combustion and Emission with Multipurpose Additive Along with Water-in-diesel Emulsion Fuel,” Energy Conversion and Management 172:370-380, 2018.
- Muthuramalingam, T. , “Effect of Diluted Dielectric Medium on Spark Energy in Green EDM Process Using TGRA Approach,” Journal of Cleaner Production 238:117894, 2019.
- Subramaniam, M., Satish, S., Solomon, J.M., and Sathyamurthy, R. , “Numerical and Experimental Investigation on Capture of CO2 and other Pollutants from an SI Engine using the Physical Adsorption Technique,” Heat Transfer.
- Ramakrishnan, B., Elumalai, S., Mayakrishnan, J., Saravanan, I. et al. , “Investigation on Tribological Performance of NanoZnO and Mixed Oxide of Cu-Zn as Additives in Engine Oil,” SAE Technical Paper 2020-01-1095, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/2020-01-1095.
- Karuppan, D., Manokar, A.M., Vijayabalan, P., Sathyamurthy, R. et al. , “Experimental Investigation on Pressure and Heat Release HCCI Engine Operated with Chicken Fat Oil/Diesel-Gasoline Blends,” Materials Today: Proceedings, 2020.
- Subramaniam, M., Solomon, J.M., Nadanakumar, V., Anaimuthu, S. et al. , “Experimental Investigation on Performance, Combustion and Emission Characteristics of DI Diesel Engine Using Algae as a Biodiesel,” Energy Reports 6:1382-1392, 2020.