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Modelling of a 15 kW electric utility vehicle and range assessment through driving cycle analysis based on GPS experimental data.
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
To be published on September 27, 2020 by SAE International in United States
The electrification of utility vehicles represents a promising solution to reduce the emissions in the urban context. Differently from traditional vehicles, they operate intermittently and generally follow routine driving cycles. In this paper, we model a 15 kW electric utility vehicle, adopting a backward-looking approach, widely used in literature to estimate the range of electric cars. The model requires a limited number of data, either supplied by the vehicle manufacturer or found in literature, as in case of the induction motor/generator efficiency and of the battery Peukert coefficient. The model can be used to assess the capacity of the vehicle to complete an assigned mission, as well as to optimize the vehicle’s design and architecture. The model is validated on GPS data obtained through an experimental campaign where the electric utility vehicle was driven to depletion considering different routes, including the effect of slopes. A satisfactory correspondence with the experimental data was observed with maximum difference in the simulated average energy consumption lower than about 8%. Results of the simulations show that the range of the electric utility vehicle is about 110 km on urban flat cycle while it significantly reduces when slopes are included in portions of the routes.