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Ignition Delay Model Parameterization using Single-Cylinder Engines Data
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
To be published on September 15, 2020 by SAE International in United States
The confluence of increasing fuel economy requirements and increased use of ethanol as a gasoline blend component has led to various studies into the efficiency and performance benefits of higher octane numbers and high ethanol content fuels in modern engines. As part of a comprehensive study of the autoignition of different fuels in both the CFR octane rating engine and a modern, direct injection, turbocharged spark-ignited engine, a series of fuel blends were prepared with varying composition, octane numbers and ethanol blend levels. The paper reports on the third part of this study where cylinder pressures were recorded for fuels under knocking conditions in both a single-cylinder research engine (SCRE), utilizing a GM LHU head and piston, as well as the CFR engines used for octane ratings. In the SCRE, spark timing and air-fuel ratios were adjusted to achieve a consistent level of knock based on peak-to-peak values of the filtered cylinder pressures, over a range of engine speeds and manifold air pressures. The CFR engines were operated at standard RON and MON test conditions, achieving standard knock intensities measured by the ASTM prescribed instrumentation. The ignition delay model was constructed from three Arrhenius reaction rate expressions with appropriate adjustments for deviations from stoichiometric conditions. Engine test results were used to firstly estimate the initial temperatures for fuels with known ignition delay parameters and secondly to estimate the ignition delay model parameters for unknown fuels. The resultant model parameters both explain the autoignition characteristics of the test fuels and provide an avenue to predict octane numbers using autoignition data.