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Numerical Investigation of Tonal Noise at Automotive Side Mirrors Due to Aeroacoustic Feedback
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
To be published on September 30, 2020 by SAE International in United States
Event: 11th International Styrian Noise, Vibration & Harshness Congress: The European Automotive Noise Conference
In addition to the typical broadband noise character of wind noise, tonal noise phenomena can be much more disruptive, regardless of the overall interior noise quality of the vehicle. Whistling sounds usually occur by flow over sharp edges and resonant gaps, but can also be caused by the feedback of sound waves with laminar boundary layers or separation bubbles and the resulting frequency-selective growth of boundary layer instabilities. Such aeroacoustic feedback can e.g. occur at the side mirror of a vehicle and one compellingly needs the coupling of acoustic and flow field. A compressible large eddy simulation (LES) is in principle suitable but one has to take care of any numerical artifacts which can disturb the entire acoustic field. This paper describes the possibility to resolve aeroacoustic feedback with a commercial 2nd/3rd order finite volume CFD code. A zonal RANS/LES approach is used to ensure a realistic flow around the exterior side mirror mounted at a Mercedes-Benz C-Class. The provided compressible LES are using non-reflecting boundary conditions in combination with a sponge zone approach to reduce hydrodynamic fluctuations. After a first comparison to test cases from literature, tonal noise components of a realistic automotive side view mirror are validated with in-house wind tunnel measurements. The possibility of localizing and investigating the underlying feedback mechanism enables the chance for a targeted design of different appropriate remedies, which are finally confirmed by means of experimental comparison.