This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Co-Simulation Methodology for PHEV Thermal System Development
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 14, 2020 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
Thermal development of automotive applications is a lot more complex than it used to be in the past. Specifically, for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs), all the sub-systems are so intertwined that it’s hard to analyze them as sub-systems only. A system level solution is needed for proper sizing of components. For early thermal development, a co-simulation method can ensure that we take into account the inter-dependency of all the thermal features in the car. As for example, a large PHEV battery may need to be passively cooled by refrigerant, which is also associated with the interior Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) cooling system. For proper sizing of the condenser, chiller etc., one has to account for the battery cooling and cabin cooling as one system. There are also many thermal actuators on a PHEV, e.g. control valves, pulse-width-module (PWM) pumps, electric compressor, electric coolant heaters etc. Smart controls and calibration development early in the product development can impact sizing of front end cooling modules and other heat exchangers significantly. The design of hardware and software has to be simultaneous and synchronous in order to devise a properly optimized thermal system. This paper is going to explain the methodology for co-simulation for a PHEV and also illustrate some simulation results.
CitationRahman, R., Biswas, A., Lindquist, C., Khandaker, M. et al., "Co-Simulation Methodology for PHEV Thermal System Development," SAE Technical Paper 2020-01-1392, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/2020-01-1392.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
- Sweafford, T., Yoon, H., Wang, Y., and Will, A. , “Co-Simulation of Multiple Software Packages for Model Based Control Development and Full Vehicle System Evaluation,” SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-0951, 2012, https://doi.org/10.4271/2012-01-0951.
- Cipollone, R. and Villante, C. , “Vehicle Thermal Management: A Model-Based Approach,” in Fall Technical Conference of the ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division, 2004.
- Gopal, V. and Rousseau, A. , “System Analysis Using Multiple Expert Tools,” SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-0754, 2011, https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-0754.
- Saha, J., Chen, H., and Rahman, S. , “Model Based Design and Optimization of Vehicle Thermal Management System,” SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-0283, 2016, https://doi.org/10.4271/2016-01-0283.
- Traussnig, A., Petutschnig, H., Ennemoser, A., Stolz, M. et al. , “Vehicle Thermal Management Simulation Method Integrated in the Development Process from Scratch to Prototype,” SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-0668, 2014, https://doi.org/10.4271/2014-01-0668.
- Saab, S., Hetet, J., Mailboom, A., and Charbonnelle, F. , “Combined Modeling of Thermal Systems of an Engine in the Purpose of a Reduction in the Fuel Consumption,” SAE Technical Paper 2013-24-0142, 2013, https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-24-0142.
- Laboe, K. and Canova, M. , “Powertrain Waste Heat Recovery: A System Approach to Maximize Drivetrain Efficiency,” in ASME 2012 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference.
- Lee, B., Jung, D., Myers, J., Kang, J. et al. , “Fuel Economy Improvement during Cold Start Using Recycled Exhaust Heat and Electrical Energy for Engine Oil and ATF Warm-Up,” SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-0674, 2014, https://doi.org/10.4271/2014-01-0674.
- Pang, H.H. and Brace, C.J. , “Review of Engine Cooling Technologies for Modern Engines,” in Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Vol. 218 Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 2004.
- Miller, D. , “Internal Flow Systems,” British Hydromechanics Research Association, 199033.
- Glewen, W., Heuwetter, D., Foster, D., Andrie, M. et al. , “Analysis of Deviations from Steady State Performance During Transient Operation of a Light Duty Diesel Engine,” SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1067, 2012, https://doi.org/10.4271/2012-01-1067.
- Heywood, J.B. , Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals (McGraw-Hill, 1988).
- Shayler, P., Christian, S., and Ma, T. , “A Model for the Investigation of Temperature, Heat Flow and Friction Characteristics During Engine Warm-Up,” in Vehicle Thermal Management System Conference, March 1993.
- Shayler, P. and Leong, D. , “Contributions to Engine Friction During Cold, Low Speed Running and the Dependence on Oil Viscosity,” SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-1654, https://doi.org/10.4271/2005-01-1654.
- Sandoval, D. and Heywood, J.B. , “An Improved Friction Model for Spark-Ignition Engines,” SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-0725, https://doi.org/10.4271/2003-01-0725.
- Farrant, P., Robertson, A., Hartland, J., and Joyce, S. , “The Application of Thermal Modelling to an Engine and Transmission to Improve Consumption Following a Cold Start,” in Vehicle Thermal Management Systems Conference and Exhibition, May 2005.
- Scott, T., Chang, F., Khandaker, M., and Uppuluri, S. , “Transient Thermal Modeling of Power Train Components,” SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 5(2), 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-0956.
- El-Sharkawy, A., Kamarad, J., Loundsberry, T., Baker, G., and Rahman, S. , “Evaluation of Impact of Active Grille Shutter on Vehicle Thermal Management,” SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-1172, 2011, https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-1172.
- Negandhi, V., Jung, D., and Shutty, J. , “Active Thermal Management with a Dual Mode Coolant Pump,” SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-0849, 2013, https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-01-0849.
- Allen, D. and Lasecki, J. , “Thermal Management Evolution and Controlled Coolant Flow,” in Vehicle Thermal Management Systems Conference & Exhibition, May 2001.
- Cortona, E. and Onder, C. , “Engine Thermal Management with Electric Cooling Pump,” in SAE World Congress, 2000.
- Scott, T. , “Modeling Compact Exchangers for HVAC Applications,” in ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, July 2003.