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Impact of different types of glazing on Air- Conditioning system performance of vehicle
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
To be published on April 14, 2020 by SAE International in United States
Due to intense peak summer temperatures and sunny summers in tropical countries like India, achieving the required cabin temperature in vehicle without compromising on fuel efficiency is becoming increasingly challenging. The major source of heat load on vehicle is solar load. Therefore, a study has been conducted to evaluate the heat load on vehicle cabin due to solar radiations and its impact on vehicle Air-Conditioning system performance with various combinations of door glasses and windscreen. The glasses used for this study are classified as Green, Dark Green, Dark Gray, Standard PVB (Polyvinyl Butyral) Windscreen and PVB Windscreen having Infrared Cut particles. For each glass, part level evaluation was done to find out the percentage transmittance of light of different wavelengths and percentage transmittance of heat flux through each glass. To verify the effectiveness of each glass, vehicle level Air-Conditioning system performance test was done in All Weather Chassis Dyno Facility for each retrofitted vehicle. Retrofitted vehicle configurations were decided as per regional visible light transmittance regulations. To eliminate the effect of manufacturing variance while evaluating each retrofitted vehicle, only door glasses and windscreen were changed in the same vehicle keeping all other testing conditions such as ambient temperature, incident solar radiations, humidity and vehicle running pattern the same. The performance of each retrofitted vehicle was evaluated on the basis of its-soaking temperature, soaking time, grill temperature, and breathe level temperature. After comparing the results of each configuration, the best door glass and windscreen configuration is proposed to improve the Air-Conditioning performance of the vehicle.