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Evaluation of Laminated Side Glazing and Curtain Airbags for Occupant Containment in Rollover
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
To be published on April 14, 2020 by SAE International in United States
By their nature as chaotic, high-energy events, rollovers pose an injury risk to occupants, in particular through exposure to perimeter contact and ejection. While seatbelts have long been accepted as a highly effective means of retaining occupants, it has been suggested that technologies such as laminated safety glazing or rollover curtain airbags could alternatively provide effective occupant containment during rollovers. In this study, a full-scale dolly rollover crash test was performed to assess the occupant containment capacity of laminated side glazing and rollover curtain airbags in a high-severity rollover. This allowed for the analysis of unrestrained occupant kinematics during interaction with laminated side glazing and rollover curtain airbags and evaluation of failure modes and limitations of laminated glazing and rollover curtain airbags as they relate to partial and complete ejection of unrestrained occupants. The dolly rollover was performed with a 2010 Chevrolet Express at a nominal speed of 43 mph, with unbelted anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs) positioned in the driver, right front passenger, and designated third, fourth, and fifth row seating positions. Vehicle dynamics and occupant kinematics were analyzed through evaluation of: vehicle instrumentation, on-board and off-board real-time and high-speed video, post-test survey of the debris field, and post-test inspection of the vehicle and ATDs. Neither laminated side glazing nor rollover curtain airbags prevented complete or partial ejection of the ATDs. Two of the ATDs were completely ejected during the dolly rollover; six other ATDs were partially ejected. Peripheral separation of laminated side glazing was observed in association with ground contact, deformation, and ATD loading. Ejection in seating positions adjacent to rollover curtain airbags was observed in association with ATD loading and out-of-position interaction with the airbags. The findings of the present study demonstrate that laminated side glazing and rollover curtain airbags are not substitutes for proper seat belt use.